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As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in Microsoft Word or RTF document file format.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.
  • All URL addresses in the text (for example, http://pkp.sfu.ca) are activated and ready to click.
  • The text, if submitted to the peer-reviewed section (Research articles), has had the authors' names removed. If an author is cited, 'Author' and year only are used in the bibliography, instead of author's name, year, title, etc. The author's name has also been removed from the document's Properties, which in Microsoft Word is found in the File menu.
  • The submission includes an abstract of up to 300 words.
  • Six key words have been provided in the submission.
  • Where possible, the text provides all available DOIs (Digital Object Identifiers) to each source used as a reference.
  • Consideration is given to serving as a reviewer on a future issue of Gateways. The Editorial Committee appreciates the important role played by reviewers in helping to maintain the quality of our journal.

This journal does not charge any type of article processing charge (APC) or any type of article submission charge.

Gateways invites authors to submit manuscripts that fall within the ‘Focus and Scope’ of the journal. Acceptance of an article for publication in Gateways is made on condition that authors accept the parameters described in 'About the Journal'. Submitted articles must not be under consideration elsewhere and must be previously unpublished. Copyright for articles published in Gateways is retained by the authors, with first publication rights granted to the journal. By virtue of their appearance in this open access journal, articles are free to be used, with proper attribution, in educational and other non-commercial settings.

The names and email addresses entered in the Gateways site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.

Authors should post their submissions online after registering (for free) and logging in at https://epress.lib.uts.edu.au/journals/index.php/ijcre/login. No hard copy submissions will be accepted. Receipt will be automatically acknowledged and registered. Authors need to carefully consider the appropriate category for their article: Research (Refereed), Practice-based (Non-refereed) or Snapshots (Non-refereed). After an assessment of the paper’s suitability for publication in Gateways, the editors will send research articles electronically to two referees, who will decide whether to recommend rejection or publication with or without changes. The process is tracked electronically, including any communication with the author. Authors and reviewers remain anonymous. Authors should not identify themselves in any way in their article. Accepted articles, when in final form, are assigned to an issue of Gateways, copy edited and formatted for publication. On the date of publication, the issue will be announced and subscribers notified. Subscribers can read articles as published or retrieve them later through searches.

Research articles must be between 6000 and 8000 words in length. Please note, while this word length does not include the abstract it does include the reference list. Authors should use the Harvard style of referencing as outlined below. Articles must be in English. Australian, British or American spelling is acceptable. Accepted articles will be edited to journal style, which uses Australian English. As an international journal with a broad, multilingual readership, clear, accessible language is strongly encouraged. All articles must be accompanied by an abstract of up to 300 words and a list of up to six key words.

Submission Format

Please use the typeface Arial or Times throughout your article. The main text of submissions should be typed in 1.5 spacing in a font size of 12pt. The text should be justified on the left margin only (not justified on the right). Use a single (not a double) space after full stops and other punctuation. Do not put a space in front of a question mark, or in front of any other closing quotation mark. The beginning of a new paragraph should be indicated by a space made by a double carriage return (not an indent). Insert page numbers on the bottom right hand corner of each page.

Limit headings to three levels. The first level (for the title of the paper) should be 16pt bold. The second level (for subheadings) should be 12pt bold, and if a third level is necessary use 12pt underlined text. Capitalize the first letters of words in titles and headings. Subheadings should be separated from the preceding paragraph by a space, but do not put a space before the paragraph immediately following the subheading. Footnotes, endnotes and appendices are to be avoided. Please do NOT submit compressed files. Do not use any word processing options/tools, such as strike through, hidden text, comments and merges.


All tables must be embedded in the manuscript near the first reference to the corresponding table. Tables MUST be no wider than 13.5 cm.

Multimedia files

Any images that go in the paper should be submitted as separate files. The highest quality file (for example, TIF) is preferred, up to a file size of 10MB. Additionally, the graphics must also be embedded in the correct locations within the document. Filenames for figures must be clearly labelled as Figure 1, Figure 2, etc., at the bottom of the figure, left justified, numbered in sequence, and must be referenced within the text of the article.

All videos must be hosted on established video sites such as Vimeo and YouTube. Videos should be identified in the text as Video 1, Video 2, etc. Authors must clearly include the link to the video within the article, taking care that link refers to the intended video. This link could be a text link (e.g. 'Video 1') or a still frame from the video (that is, a .GIF, .PNG or .JPG file).

Audio files must be hosted on established platforms such as Soundcloud. Audio files should be identified in the text as Audio 1, Audio 2, etc. Authors must clearly indicate the location of the link to the audio within the article. This link could be a text link (for example, 'Audio 1') or a related graphic.

Gateways takes no responsibility for the functioning of non-Gateways content of external websites.

Referencing Style (Harvard)

In-text citation

In the Harvard or author-date system, a textual citation requires only the name of the author/s and the year of the publication (with no punctuation between the two items):

  1. One author

(Freire 1970)

  1. Two or three authors

(Saltmarsh & Hartley 2011) or Saltmarsh and Hartley (2011)

(Stoecker, Hilgendorf & Tryon 2009) or Stoecker, Hilgendorf and Tryon (2009)

  1. Four or more authors

(Wolff et al. 2017) or Wolff et al. (2017)

  1. Quoting

Relevant page numbers must be included in the textual reference when directly quoting from a source. Use a comma between the year and ‘p.’ or ‘pp.’.

‘Direct quote’ (Ritterbush 2019, p. 1301)

‘Long quote’ (Su 2019, pp. 87–88)

‘No page quote’ (Cruz n.d., para. 2)

Reference list

Full references must be listed in the bibliography at the end of the article. Arrange alphabetically and include all authors in the reference list. Examples of the main reference formats are as follows. For more information, please refer to: Commonwealth Department of Finance and Administration 2002, Style manual for authors, editors and printers, 6th edn, John Wiley & Sons, Milton, Queensland.

Book/Book chapter

All elements of the citation following the year of publication are separated by commas, and the citation concludes with a full stop. The title is italicised and minimal capitalisation is recommended. The information required should be present in the following order:

Author, A Year, Title, Editor/reviser/compiler/translator, Edition, Publisher, Place, Page number/s.

  1. One author

Tuhiwai Smith, L 2012, Decolonizing methodologies: Research and Indigenous Peoples, 2nd edn, Zed Books, London.

  1. Two or more authors

Bachrach, P & Baratz, M 1970, Power and poverty: Theory and practice, Oxford University Press, New York.

  1. Chapter in an edited book

Denzin, N & Lincoln, Y 1994, ‘Introduction: Entering the field of Qualitative Research’, in N Denzin & Y Lincoln (eds), Handbook of Qualitative Research, Sage, Thousand Oaks, CA, pp. 1­–17.

  1. Sponsored by an institution, corporation or other organisation

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) 2002, Australia’s Welfare, AIHW, Canberra.


The information required should be presented in the following order:

Author, A Year, ‘Title of article’, Journal, Title of series (if applicable), issue details, page numbers. DOI.

  1. Journal article

Adams, T 2017, ‘Critical autoethnography, education and a call for forgiveness’, International Journal of Multicultural Education, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 79–88. https://doi.org/10.18251/ijme.v19i1.1387

  1. Newspaper article

Hudson, A 2007, ‘Serbia not guilty in genocide trial’, Sydney Morning Herald, 27 February, p. 11.

  1. Published conference paper

Morris, M 2005, ‘Organisation, social change and the United Arab Emirates’, Social Change in the 21st Century 2005 conference proceedings, Centre for Social Change Research, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, pp. 23–44.

  1. Unpublished paper

Morris, M 2005, ‘Organisation, social change and the United Arab Emirates’, paper presented at the 2005 Social Change in the 21st Century conference, Centre for Social Change Research, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, 28 October.

Electronic Material

The information required should be presented in the following order:

  1. Webpage (individual author)

Author, editor or compiler Date of document (date of creation or most recent revision), Title of document, Description of document (if applicable), Name of the sponsor of the source, date of viewing, URL

Robinson, C & Searby R 2006, Accommodation in Crisis: Forgotten Women in Western Sydney, Shopfront Monograph Series, UTS ePress, viewed 25 March 2020, https://opus.lib.uts.edu.au/handle/10453/5744

  1. Webpage (organisational author)

Organisation Date of document (date of creation or most recent revision), Title of website (if different from organisation), date of viewing, URL.

Parks Canada 2021, L’Anse aux Meadows National Historic Site, viewed 25 March 2020, https://www.pc.gc.ca/en/lhn-nhs/nl/meadows/info.

  1. Report (organisational author)

Organisation Year, Title of report, Publisher (if different from organisation), date of viewing, DOI/URL

National Cancer Institute 2018, Facing forward: Life after cancer treatment (NIH Publication No. 18-2424), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institute of Health, viewed 25 March 2020, https://www.cancer.gov/publications/patient-education/life-after-treatment.pdf


Author Complaints Procedure

Authors who wish to submit a complaint related to the peer review process or other editorial decisions should contact the Executive Editor Margaret.Malone@uts.edu.au as a first point of contact. Issues which cannot be resolved satisfactorily by the Executive Editor may be escalated to the journal's Advisory Board or to the Publisher, UTS ePress by contacting utsepress@uts.edu.au.

For further information, please see the COPE Code of Conduct for Journal Editors and Publishers.