Local French Food Initiatives in Practice: The Emergence of a Social Movement

Angela Giovanangeli


This article analyses the development of local food systems from a social movement perspective. It examines the case study of a farm market located in France and considers whether and how local initiatives in food distribution can be viewed as a social movement, using social theory as the conceptual framework.


local food; social movements; farm markets; hypermarkets; mass-distribution of food

Full Text



Allen, P., FitzSimmons, M., Goodman, M., & Warner, K. 2003, 'Shifting Plates in the Agrifood Landscape: The Tectonics of Alternative Agrifood Initiatives in California, ' Journal of Rural Studies, vol. 19: 6175.

Association pour le maintien d'une agriculture paysanne website. Online available: http://www.reseau-amap.org/ [Accessed 2 November 2012].

Barham, E. 1997, 'Social Movements for Sustainable Agriculture in France: A Polanyian Perspective, ' Society and Natural Resources: An International Journal, vol. 10, no. 3: 23949.

Barham, E. 2003, 'Translating terroir: The Global Challenge of French AOC Labeling, ' Journal of Rural Studies, vol. 19: 12738.

Bartoli, G., Bov, J. & Manguy, Y. 2003, La Confdration paysanne. Eden, Paris.

Beardsworth, A., & Keil, K. 1997, Sociology on the Menu: An Invitation to the Study of Food and Society. Routledge, London.

Bessire, J. 1998, 'Local Development and Heritage: Traditional Food and Cuisine as Tourist Attractions in Rural Areas, ' Sociologia Ruralis, vol. 38: 2134.

Bov, J. & Luneau, G. 2000, Nous, Paysans. Hazan, Paris.

Bov, J. & Dufour, F. 2001, Le Monde n'est pas une marchandise: des paysans contre la malbouffe. La Dcouverte, Paris.

Bov, J. & Luneau, G. 2001, Paysan du Monde. Fayard, Paris.

Bov, J. & , Luneau, G. 2012, Changeons de cap, changeons de Pac: Vers une agriculture paysanne au service des citoyens. Editions alternatives, Paris.

Bowen, S. & De Master, K. 2011, 'New Rural Livelihoods or Museums of Production? Quality Food Initiatives in Practice, ' Journal of Rural Studies, vol. 27: 7382.

La Cassole farm website. Online available: http://fermedelacassole.typepad.fr/ [Accessed 2 November 2012].

Chesters, G. & Welsh, I. 2011, Social Movements: The Key Concepts. Routledge, London.

Davies, L. 2010, 'French Farmers Bring Rural Reality to Champs Elyses, ' The Guardian, 23 May. Online available: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2010/may/23/french-farmers-champs-elysees [Accessed 10 June 2012].

Drive Fermier website. Online available: http://www.drive-fermier.fr/33/qui-sommes-nous/ [Accessed 26 March 2013].

DuPuis, M. & Goodman, D. 2005, 'Should We Go home" to Eat? Toward a Reflexive Politics of Localism, ' Journal of Rural Studies, vol. 21: 35971."

Ekelund, L., & Jnsson, H. 2011, 'How Does Modernity Taste? Tomatoes in the Societal Change from Modernity to Late modernity, ' Culture Unbound, vol. 3: 43945.

'EU Calls Milk Crisis Meeting for Oct 5, ' 2009, EUbusiness online news, 23 September. Online available: http://www.eubusiness.com/news-eu/farm-milk-price-meet.lf/ [Accessed 14 June 2012].

European Commission, 2012, Agriculture and Rural Development, Glossary. Online available: http://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/glossary/ [Accessed 26 March 2013]).

Goodman, D. 2010, 'Place and Space in Alternative Food Networks. Connecting Production and Consumption, ' in Consuming Space. Placing Consumption in Perspective, (eds) M. K. Goodman, D. Goodman & M. Redclift. Ashgate, Farnham, UK: 189211.

Holloway, L., & Kneafsey, M. 2004, 'ProducingConsuming Food: Closeness, Connectedness and Rurality, ' in Geographies of Rural Cultures and Societies, (eds) L. Holloway and M. Kneafsey. Ashgate, London, 26282.

INSEE (Institut National de la Statistique et des tudes conomiques). Online available: http://www.statistiques-locales.insee.fr/FICHES/DL/DEP/38/COM/DL_COM38381.pdf [accessed 14 June 2012].

Jacquiau, C. 2000, Les coulisses de la grande distribution. Albin Michel, Paris.

Johnston, H., & Klandermans, B. 1995, 'The Cultural Analysis of Social Movements, ' in Social Movements and Culture, Social Movements, Protest, and Contention, (eds) H. Johnston & B. Klandermans. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis: 324.

Johnston, H. 2009, 'Protest Cultures: Performance, Artifacts, and Ideations, ' in Culture, Social Movements, and Protest, (ed) H. Johnston, Ashgate, Farnham, UK: 329.

Kneafsey, M., Cox, R., Holloway, L., Dowler, Venn, E. & Tuomainen, H. 2008, Reconnecting Consumers, Producers and Food. Berg, Oxford.

'Les Amaps poussent toujours' 2012, SudOuest, 28 April: 1819.

Massey, D. 2005, For Space. Sage, London.

Peters, C. J., Bills, N. L., Lembo, A. J., Wilkins, J. L., & Fick, G. W. 2008, 'Mapping Potential Foodsheds in New York State: A Spatial Model for Evaluating the Capacity to Localize Food Production, ' Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems, vol. 24, no. 1: 7284.

Potter, C. & Tilzey, M. 2005, 'Agricultural Policy Discourses in the European Post-Fordist Transition: Neoliberalism, Neomercantilism and Multifunctionality, ' Progress in Human Geography, vol. 29, no. 5: 581600.

Sage, C. 2003, 'Social Embeddedness and Relations of Regard: Alternative Good Food" Networks in South-west Ireland, ' Journal of Rural Studies, vol. 19: 4760."

Sept supermarchs viss par des attentats en Corse' 2012, le Figaro, 10 September. Online available: http://www.lefigaro.fr/actualite-france/2012/09/10/01016-20120910ARTFIG00374-sept-supermarches-vises-par-des-attentats-en-corse.php [Accessed 2 November 2012].

Snow, D. 2004, 'Social Movement as Challenges to Authority. Resistance to an Emerging Conceptual Hegemony, ' Reseach in Social Movements, Conflicts and Change, vol. 25: 325.

Staggenborg, S. 2011, Social Movements. Oxford University Press, New York & Oxford.

Starr, A. 2010, 'Local Food: A Social Movement?' Cultural Studies ? Critical Methodologies, vol. 10, no. 6: 47990.

Tarrow, S. 1998, Power in Movement, Social Movements and Contentious Politics, 2nd ed. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Tilly, C. & Wood, L. 2013, Social Movements 17682012, 3rd ed. Paradigm Publishers, London.

Tregear, A. 2011, 'Progressing Knowledge in Alternative and Local Food Networks: Critical Reflections and a Research Agenda, ' Journal of Rural Studies vol. 27: 41930.

Universit populaire du got website. Online available: http://upa.michelonfray.fr/ [Accessed 2 November 2012].

Willging, J. 2008, 'Of GMOs, McDomination and Foreign Fat: Contemporary Franco-American Food Fights, ' French Cultural Studies vol. 19: 199226.

Winter, M. 2003, 'Embeddedness, the New Food Economy and Defensive Localism, ' Journal of Rural Studies vol. 19: 2332.

Zimmer, M. 2011, 'Les AMAP en France: entre consommation de produits fermiers locaux et nouvel ordre de vie, ' in La consommation critique. Mouvements pour une alimentation responsable et solidaire, (ed.) G. Pleyers. Descl de Brouwer, Paris: 4767.