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As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • Is your paper in Microsoft Word (.DOC)?
  • Is it formatted according to the author guidelines provided in the PORTAL 'About' section? (font, margins, spacing etc.)
  • Have you used the modified Harvard referencing style, according to the author guidelines? Please note, if you have not, the submission will be rejected.
  • Have you cross-checked the bibliography against the text?
  • Have you checked whether your graphics, tables, audio and video files are in the format and size specified in the guidelines?
  • Are the locations of the linked files clearly indicated within the document?
  • Are they appropriately and meaningfully labelled?
  • Have you provided tag text for the graphics used as links to audio or videos?
  • Have you prepared an abstract of up to 300 words in English to enter at the next step in this submission?
  • Have you prepared up to 6 key words in English to enter at the next step in this submission?
  • Have you prepared a brief biographical statement to enter at the next step in this submission? NOTE: The Editorial Committee will return submissions to authors who fail to provide any of the above information or follow the above guidelines. The review process will not be initiated until such documents are modified in line with the journal's guidelines and resubmitted.
  • Have you received funding in the course of the research leading to this submission and acknowledged it?
  • Have you added all available DOIs (Digital Object Identifiers) to your references? If not, please go to the free service: http://www.crossref.org/SimpleTextQuery to retrieve all available DOIs to add to your references.

1) No Charges:
This journal does not charge any type of article processing charge (APC) or article submission charge.

2) Call for Submissions:
PORTAL invites authors to submit manuscripts that align with the journal’s ‘Focus and Scope.’ Acceptance of an article for publication is conditional on adherence to the parameters described in "About the Journal."

3) Original Work Requirements:

  • No Simultaneous Submissions: Please be aware that we will not consider materials sent simultaneously to other journals or materials being prepared for publication in a book.
  • No Previous Publication: Submitted articles must not be under consideration elsewhere and must be previously unpublished.
  • Translations Considered: Translations of already published material may be considered for peer review, but only with prior author negotiation with the journal Editor.

4) Submission Guidelines:

  • Exclusivity: If you feel that PORTAL is the appropriate place for your manuscript, please refrain from submitting the article elsewhere until you receive a response from us.
  • Breach of Protocols: Once your submission is accepted for publication, do not publish it elsewhere, as this is considered a breach of academic protocols.

5) Decision Process:
Decisions to publish in PORTAL are made by the PORTAL editorial committee after considering blind reviews and, if appropriate, in consultation with guest editors.

6) Rejection Policy:
In the event that a submission is deemed unsuitable for publishing in PORTAL, once authors are informed, no further correspondence will be entered into.


Publication and Copyright Information

  • Copyright: Authors retain the copyright for articles published in PORTAL, granting first publication rights to the journal.
  • Open Access: Articles in PORTAL are free to use in educational and other non-commercial settings with proper attribution.
  • Privacy: Names and email addresses entered in PORTAL will be used exclusively for the journal's purposes and not shared with third parties.



Submission Process

  1. Online Submission: Authors must post submissions online after registering and logging in to PORTAL. No hard copies will be accepted.
  2. Acknowledgment: Receipt will be acknowledged and registered automatically.
  3. Assessment: The editor will assess the paper’s suitability and send it to a minimum of two referees for recommendation.
  4. Review Process: The process is tracked electronically, and the identities of authors and reviewers remain confidential.
  5. Acceptance: Accepted papers will be assigned to an issue of PORTAL and prepared for publication. Subscribers will be notified on the publication date.


Paper Requirements

  • Length: Papers should be between 4,000 and 8,000 words.
  • Languages: Accepted languages include Chinese, English, French, German, Italian, Japanese, or Spanish.
  • Referencing Style: Use the modified Harvard referencing style.
  • Compliance: Submissions not conforming to the guidelines will be returned without review.


Formatting Guidelines

  • Font: Times New Roman, 12pt, 1.5 spacing for main text; 10pt, single-spaced for the reference list and footnotes.
  • Justification: Left-aligned text only.
  • Headings: Three levels of headings with specific formatting.
  • Spacing & Punctuation: Specific rules for spaces after punctuation and paragraph formatting.
  • Spelling: British or American English spelling is acceptable if consistent.


Other Specifications

  • Foreign Words: Italicize foreign words not in common English usage.
  • Manuscripts: Blind reviewed; author details must not appear on the main document.
  • File Submission: Do not submit compressed files or use specific word processing tools.
  • Referencing Style: Details provided on the modified Harvard style for various types of references and quotes.
  • Direct Quotes: Use single quotation marks with author, year, and page number in parentheses.
  • Long Quotes: Include as free-standing paragraphs without quotes, indented 1 cm.
  • Paraphrases and Summaries: Followed by a reference in parentheses.
  • Citations: Specific examples for multiple authors, anonymous works, electronic sources, interview material, etc.


Citation Guidelines

A) Short Direct Quotes:

  • Use single quotation marks to distinguish the original text.
  • Include the author(s), year, and page number in parentheses.
  • Use double quotation marks only for quotes within quotes.
  • Example: One of the activists referred to feminism as a ‘vampire’ that, if reborn, had to be ‘pierced through the heart with a big and strong rosewood stake’ (Sklevicky 1996: 87).

B) Repetition of a Source within a Paragraph:

  • If a source is repeated within a single paragraph, refer to it with page number(s).
  • DO NOT use Ibid. or Op.cit.
  • Example: ‘The ego, however, is like daddy-mommy; the schizo has long since ceased to believe in it’ (23).

C) Long Direct Quotes (4 Lines or More):

  • Include as free-standing paragraphs, without quotation marks.
  • Single spaced, 10 pt, indented 1 cm from the left margin.
  • Example: (Note: entire quote will be indented 1 cm from the left margin) Even scholars with the slightest modicum of interest in Latin America know of the long and problematic relationship the U.S. has had, and continues to have, with the region...

D) Use of Ellipsis and Brackets:

  • 3 ellipsis points (...) indicate omitted text from the original sentence.
  • 4 ellipsis points (....) indicate omitted material between sentences.
  • Items in square brackets signal an addition or alteration to the original text.

E) Paraphrases and Summaries:

  • Followed by a reference to the source details in parentheses.
  • Example: Ugrešic concludes the book with a reference to the ‘Witches from Rio’ affair in which she refutes any collective identification (1998: 273).
  • Alternatively, integrate the author’s surname into the text, followed by the year of publication in parentheses.
  • Example: Ugrešic (1998: 273) concludes the book with a reference to the ‘Witches from Rio’ affair...

F) Works with More Than Three Authors:

  • Cite the first author followed by et al. and the year.
  • Example: Roper, et al. (1980) OR (Roper, et al., 1980).

G) Authors with Multiple Publications in the Same Year:

  • Distinguish the publications by adding a,b,c, etc., to the year.
  • Example: (Dickinson 1990a) - (Dickinson 1990b), etc.

H) Citing More Than One Source:

  • Separate the entries by using semi-colons.
  • Example: These tensions have been fully documented in the writing of various authors (Drakulić 1998; Jalušić 1994; Funk 1993; Elshtain 1995).


Referencing Style: Harvard (Modified)

Reference List Format: Books

  • One Author: Example: Mehmet, O. 1999, Westernizing the Third World: The Eurocentricity of Economic Development Theories, 2nd ed., Routledge, London.
  • Two or More Authors: Example: Anthias, F. & Yuval Davis, N. 1993, Race, Nation, Gender, Colour and Class and the Anti-Racist Struggle, Routledge, London.
  • Edited Book: Example: Renne, T. (ed.) 1997, Ana’s Land: Sisterhood in Eastern Europe, Westview Press, Boulder, CO.
  • Translated Book: Example: Van Gennep, A. 1960, The Rites of Passage, 2nd ed., trans. M.B. Vizedom & G.L. Caffee. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
  • Book Without a Personal Author: Example: Australian Government Publishing Service. 2002, Style Manual for Authors, Editors and Printers, 6th ed. AGPS, Canberra.
  • Book with no Author or Editor: Example: Maximum Linux Security: A Hacker’s Guide to Protecting Your Linux Server and Workstation. 1999, Prentice Hall, Hampstead.


Reference List Format: Chapter in Edited Book

  • Example: Heng, G. 1997, ‘“A Great Way to Fly”: Nationalism, the State and the Varieties of Third-World Feminism,’ in Feminist Genealogies, Colonial Legacies, Democratic Futures, (eds) M. J. Alexander & C. T. Mohanty. Routledge, New York: 30-45.



Reference List Format: Journal Articles

  • Journal Article from a Printed Journal: Example: Cuneen, G. & Hayllar, B. 1988, ‘Social Meaning of Conflict in Riots at the Australian Grand Prix Motorcycle Races’, Leisure Studies, vol. 7, no. 1: 1-20.
  • Journal Article from an Electronic Journal: Example: Drakulic, S. 1999, ‘How I Became a Witch: Nationalism, Sexism and Postcommunist Journalism in Croatia’, Media Studies Journal Online, available: http://archive.tol.cz/fforum/fforum.html [Accessed 5 May 2001].
  • Full Text Journal Article from an Electronic Database: Example: Baugher, D., Varanelli, A. & Weisbord, E. 2000, ‘Gender and Culture Diversity Occurring in Self-Formed Work Groups’, Journal of Managerial Issues, vol. 12, no. 4: 391-407. Online, available: Ovid/ABI-Inform/65651741 [Accessed 16 January 2002].


Reference List Format: Newspaper Articles

  • Print: Example: Fray, P. 2002, ‘Harry, the Prince of Pot, Pool and Purple Prose’, Sydney Morning Herald, 14 January: 11.
  • A Newspaper Article from an Electronic Database: Example: Jones, S. 2004, 'Technology Boom in Silicon Valley', The New York Times, available: http://www.nytimes.com/tech-boom [Accessed 24 June 2020].


Reference List Format: Conference Papers:

  • Format: Author Year, ‘Article Title’, Proceedings of Conference Name, Publisher, Place of Publication: Page Number.
  • Example: Wu The-Yao 1975, ‘The Cultural Heritage of Singapore: The Essence of the Chinese Tradition’, Proceedings of the Symposium on the Cultural Heritage of Singapore, Institute of Humanities and the Social Sciences, College of Graduate Studies, Nanyang University: 44-46.


Reference List Format: World Wide Web:

a. Web Document:

  • Format: Author Year, Title of Document or Page, Day and Month (if available). Online, available: Specific Path or URL [Accessed + Date].
  • Example: McEldowney, P. 1994, Women in Cinema: A Reference Guide Online, available: http://www.people.virginia.edu/~pm9k/libsci/womFilm.html#intro [Accessed 16 January 2002].

b. Web Document – Undated:

c. Web Document – No Author:

  • Format: Title Year. Online, available: URL [Accessed + Date].
  • Example: The Grass is Always Greener 2002. Online, available: http://www.greener.com [Accessed 20 June 2002].


Titles in Other Languages:

  • Guidelines: Titles in other languages should conform to the orthographic conventions of the language in question. Accent marks should be respected.
  • Example: García Canclini, N. 1990, Culturas híbridas: Estrategias para entrar y salir de la modernidad. Editorial Grijalbo, México. If citing sources from non-English language periodicals and journals, months should be in the language of publication


Complaints Procedure:

  • Initial Contact: Authors who wish to submit a complaint related to the peer review process or other editorial decisions should contact the Journal Manager at portal.scholarly.journal@gmail.com as a first point of contact.
  • Escalation Process: Issues which cannot be resolved satisfactorily by the Journal Manager may be escalated to the Editorial Advisory Board or to the Publisher, UTS ePress by contacting utsepress@uts.edu.au.
  • Code of Conduct: For further information, please see the COPE Code of Conduct for Journal Editors and Publishers.