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As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  • When available, the URLs to access references online are provided, including those for open access versions of the reference. The URLs are ready to click (e.g., http://pkp.sfu.ca).
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  • If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review) have been followed.
  • The text provides all available DOIs (Digital Object Identifiers) to each source used as a reference. For assistance on locating the DOIs, please go to the free service http://www.crossref.org/SimpleTextQuery to retrieve all available DOIs to add to the references.

Provincial China invites authors to submit manuscripts that fall within the Focus and Scope of the journal. Acceptance of an article for publication in Provincial China is made on condition that authors accept the parameters described in About the Journal. Submitted articles must not be under consideration elsewhere and must be previously unpublished. Copyright for articles published in Provincial China is retained by the authors, with first publication rights granted to the journal. By virtue of their appearance in this open access journal, articles are free to use, with proper attribution, in educational and other non-commercial settings. The names and email addresses entered in Provincial China site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of the journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party. Authors should post their submissions online, after registering with and logging in to the journal. No hard copy submissions will be accepted. Receipt will be automatically acknowledged and registered. Papers will normally be between 6,000 and 8,000 words in length including footnotes and, for scholarly essays, should use the modified Harvard referencing style, as outlined below. Submissions that do not conform to the journals author and style guidelines will be returned to authors for modification; no review will be undertaken if authors have not followed these guidelines. All papers should be accompanied by an abstract of up to 300 words in English. In addition, a list of up to six key words in English should be provided. Please use the typeface Times New Roman throughout your article. The main text of submissions should be typed in 1.5 spacing in a font size of 12pt. The text should be justified on the left margin only (not justified on the right). The Reference List should be single-spaced 12pt, with distinctions between references marked by single carriage returns and hanging indents. References are to be in the modified Harvard style, but where notes are necessary please use footnotes. Footnote text is to be single-spaced 10pt. Authors should avoid word divisions and hyphens at the end of lines. Use a single (not a double) space after a full point, and after commas, colons, semi-colons, etc. Do not put a space in front of a question mark, or in front of any other closing quotation mark. The beginning of a new paragraph should be indicated by a space made by a double carriage return (not an indent). Insert page numbers on the bottom right hand corner of each page. Limit headings to three levels. The first level (for the title of the paper) should be 16pt bold. The second level (for subheadings) should be 12 pt bold, and if a third level is necessary use 12pt italicized text. Capitalize the first letters of words in titles and headings. Subheadings should be separated from the preceding paragraph by a space, but do not put a space before the paragraph immediately following the subheading. For articles written in English, British or American English spelling is acceptable provided usage is consistent. Foreign words and phrases not in common (English) usage should be italicised. Manuscripts are blind reviewed, so the author(s) name and/or affiliation should not appear – directly, or indirectly in a reference – on the pages of the main document, or in the documents properties data. An abstract (in English), a brief biographical note about the author(s), contact details, institutional affiliation, and keywords (English) should be submitted in the appropriate fields when submitting the paper. Please do not submit compressed files or use any word processing options/tools, such as: strike through, hidden text, comments, merges, and so forth. Referencing Style (modified Harvard) For a short direct quote, single quotation marks are used to distinguish the original text and the author(s), year and page number are given in parentheses. Double quotation marks should only be used for quotes within quotes Example: Cartier argues that ‘popular expressions of “hot” places in terms of femininities and masculinities underscore personalized imaginaries about place accessibility and the new mobility’ (Cartier, 2006, 139). If a source is repeated within a single paragraph, refer to it with page number/s. Do not use Ibid. or Op.cit. Example: It is likely that images and representations about the city/region both advance and deflect interest in experiencing regional realities (145). Direct quotes of 4 lines or longer are included as free-standing paragraphs, without quotation marks, single spaced 10 pt and indented 1 cm from the left margin. The use of the 3 ellipsis points (...) indicates that text from the original sentence has been omitted. The use of 4 ellipsis points (....) indicates that the material between the sentences has been omitted. Items in square brackets signal an addition or alteration to the original text, as in the above example. Paraphrases and summaries of other authors work are followed by a reference to the source details in parentheses. Alternatively, the authors surname may be integrated into the text, followed immediately by the year of publication in parentheses. For works with more than three authors, cite the name of the first author followed by et al. and the year. For authors with multiple articles or books published in the same year, distinguish the publications from each other by adding a, b, c etc. to the year immediately after the author’s/authors’ name. In the reference list, order the titles by publication date, the earliest publication coming first. If, for example, you include references to three works by one author in a single year, those references are ordered alphabetically by title, and numbered 2007a, 2007b, and 2007c respectively. When citing more than one source, separate the entries by using semi-colons. Chapter in an edited book, an article or a paper Cite the authors of the article or chapter (not the editor, unless the work is that of the editor) and the year. Anonymous works Use title and year. Do not use Anon or Anonymous in your reference. For anonymous newspaper articles, provide title of the newspaper, day month year of publication and page number. Example: (Sydney Morning Herald 15 Jan. 2002, 15) Electronic sources In citing electronic journals, web pages or web sites, follow the same principles as for printed sources. For direct quotes, you may wish to indicate the paragraph number, preceded by the paragraph symbol or the abbreviation para. Example: (Goodman 2007, para. 5) If the author’s name is unknown, cite the web site URL. Example: http://www.people.com.cn Example: available at: http://www.people.com.cn/ (2003). Accessed 12/10/2005. Interview Material and Personal Correspondence The first time you cite from an interview or personal correspondence, use a footnote to give the relevant information, such as the name of the correspondent/interviewee (if appropriate), data about their social status, the name of the organization, place of interview, and date of the interview/correspondence. For second and subsequent references to the same interview/correspondence make it clear in the text to which interview/correspondence you are referring (do not use another footnote). Example: According to interviewee Mr Zhang... OR: In her emails Ms Li wrote that... Reference list format: Books One Author Author surname, Initial (s) of personal name(s). Year, Title, Edition, Publisher, Place of publication. Example: Oakes, T. 1998, Tourism and Modernity, Routledge, London. Two or More Authors Author names linked by commas and an ampersand Year, Title, Edition, Publisher, Place of publication. Example: Anthias, F. & Yuval Davis, N. 1993, Race, Nation, Gender, Colour and Class and the Anti-Racist Struggle, Routledge, London. Edited Book Editor (ed.) Year, Title, Edition, Publisher, Place of publication. Example: Goodman, David S.G. & Segal, G. (eds.)1997, China Rising: Nationalism and Interdependence, Routledge, London. Translated Book Author Year, Title, Translator (trans.), Edition, Publisher, Place of publication. Example: Van Gennep, A. 1960, The Rites of Passage, 2nd ed., trans. M.B. Vizedom and G.L. Caffee, University of Chicago Press, Chicago. Book Without a Personal Author Name of organization Year, Title, Edition, Publisher, Place of publication. Example: Australian Government Publishing Service 2002, Style Manual for Authors, Editors and Printers, 6th ed., AGPS, Canberra. Book with no Author or Editor Title Year, Publisher, Place of publication. Example: Maximum Linux Security: A Hackers Guide to Protecting Your Linux Server and Workstation, 1999, Prentice Hall, Hampstead. Reference List Format: Chapter in Edited Book Author(s) of chapter Year, Title of Chapter in Title of book, ed. Editor, Publisher, Place of publication, page numbers. Example: Schein, L. 2006, Negotiating Scale: Miao Women at a Distance in Translocal China: Lingkages, Identitites, and the Reimagining of Spcae, ets. T. Oakes and L. Shein, Routledge, London. Reference List Format: Journal Articles Journal Article from a Printed Journal Author Year, Title of article, Title of Journal, volume, issue or part (if applicable), (month), page numbers. Example: Cuneen, G. & Hayllar, B. 1988, Social Meaning of Conflict in Riots at the Australian Grand Prix Motorcycle Races, Leisure Studies, vol. 7, no. 1, 1-20. Journal Article from an Electronic Journal Author Year, Title of article, Title of Journal [Online], volume, issue. Available: Specific path or URL [Access date]. Example: Drakulic, S. 1999, How I Became a Witch: Nationalism, Sexism and Postcommunist Journalism in Croatia, Media Studies Journal [Online]. Available: http://archive.tol.cz/fforum/fforum.html [Accessed 5 May 2001]. Full Text Journal Article from an Electronic Database Author Year, Title of article, Title of Journal [Online], volume, issue. Available: Name of database and record number (if given) [Access date]. Example: Baugher, D., Varanelli, A. & Weisbord, E. 2000, Gender and Culture Diversity Occurring in Self-Formed Work Groups, Journal of Managerial Issues [Online], vol. 12, no. 4, 391-407. Available: Ovid/ABI-Inform/65651741 [Accessed 16 Jan. 2002]. Reference List Format: Newspaper Articles Print Author Year, Article title, Newspaper Title, Publication date, page number. Example: Fray, P. 2002, Harry, the Prince of Pot, Pool and Purple Prose, Sydney Morning Herald, 14 Jan., 11. A Newspaper Article from an Electronic Database Author, Day Month Year, Article Title, Newspaper Title [Online], page number (if given). Available: Database name, Item number (if given) [Access date]. Example: Musa, H. 11 Dec. 2001, Indigenous Art Depth Revealed, Canberra Times [Online], p. 13. Available: Dow Jones Interactive [Accessed 10 Jan. 2002]. A Newspaper Article Available from the Publisher via the WWW Author Day Month Year, Article Title, Newspaper Title [Online], page number (if given). Available: URL [Access date]. Example: Dabkowski, S. 4 Feb. 2002, How a Plastic Problem May Just Dissolve, The Age [Online]. Available: http://www.theage.com.au/news/state/2002/02/04/ FFX319TP7XC.html [Accessed 13 Feb. 2002]. Reference List Format: Conference Papers Author Year, Article title, Proceedings of Conference Name, Publisher, Place of publication, page number. Example: Wu The-Yao 1975, The Cultural Heritage of Singapore: The Essence of the Chinese Tradition, Proceedings of the Symposium on The Cultural Heritage of Singapore, Institute of Humanities and the Social Sciences, College of Graduate Studies, Nanyang University, 44-46. Reference List Format: World Wide Web Web Document Author Year, Title of document or page [Online]. Available: specific path or URL [Access date]. Example: McEldowney, P. 1994, Women in Cinema - A Reference Guide [Online]. Available: http://www.people.virginia.edu/~pm9k/libsci/womFilm.html#intro [Accessed 16 Jan. 2002]. Web Document – Undated Author n.d., Title [Online]. Available: URL [Access date]. Example: Pritzker, T. n.d., Early Fragment From Central Nepal [Online]. Available: http://www.ingress.com/~astanart/pritzker/pritzker.html [Accessed 8 June 1994]. Web document – No Author Title [Online], Year. Available: URL [Access date]. Example: The Grass is Always Greener [Online], 2002. Available: http://www.greener.com [Accessed 20 June 2002]. Titles in other languages Titles in other languages should conform to the orthographic conventions of the language in question. Example: Xiao Pengjun 2005, WTO yu zhengfu guanli [The WTO and Governance in China], Hua’nan ligong daxue chubanshe, Guangzhou. Multimedia files Any graphics that go in the paper must be submitted as separate files. The highest quality master (e.g. TIF) is preferred. Additionally, the graphics must also be embedded in the correct locations within the document. Please note that any graphics created in Microsoft Word must also be submitted as separate files. Filenames for figures must be clearly labelled as Figure 1, Figure 2, etc., at the bottom of the figure, left justified, numbered in sequence, and must be referenced within the text of the article. ALT tags will be applied to all graphics. The default tag will be the figure caption supplied by the author. Authors should provide tag text for any graphics used as links to audio or videos. All videos must be submitted in a web-optimized format as to allow for progressive download. The preferred format is Windows Media. Videos should be identified in the text as Video 1, Video 2, etc., and video filenames should include the corresponding video numbers. Authors must clearly indicate the location of the link to the video within the article. This link could be a text link (e.g., Video 1) or a still frame from the video (i.e., a .GIF, .PNG or .JPG file). Audio files must also be submitted in a web-optimized format in either Windows Media, Real, or Quicktime formats. Audio files should be identified in the text as Audio 1, Audio 2, etc., and audio filenames should include the corresponding audio numbers. Authors must clearly indicate the location of the link to the audio within the article. This link could be a text link (e.g., Audio 1) or a related graphic. 2.5 MB is the recommended maximum multimedia file size. If it is essential to have files that are larger than this, two different versions of files must be made. One version, less than 2.5 MB in size, will serve as a low-resolution or truncated version. The other version can be up to 15 MB in size. If a multimedia file has both a smaller and larger version associated with it, the smaller version will be the standard option and the larger version will be available from a link in the e-journal. Provincial China takes no responsibility for the functioning of the content of external websites. Photos Tables All tables must be embedded in the manuscript near the first reference to the corresponding table. Tables must be no wider than 13.5 cm.