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As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in Microsoft Word or RTF document file format.
  • Is it formatted according to the Author Guidelines provided in the Journal of PPPM 'About' section? (font, margins, spacing etc.)
  • Have you used the modified Harvard referencing style, according to the Author Guidelines?
  • Have you checked whether your graphics, tables, audio and video files are in the format and size specified in the Author Guidelines?
  • Are the locations of the linked files clearly indicated within the document and are they appropriately and meaningfully labelled?
  • If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.
  • Have you prepared an abstract of up to 300 words in English to enter at the next step in this submission?
  • Have you prepared up to 6 key words in English to enter at the next step in this submission?
  • The text provides all available DOIs (Digital Object Identifiers) to each source used as a reference. For assistance on locating the DOIs, please go to the free service http://www.crossref.org/SimpleTextQuery to retrieve all available DOIs to add to the references.
  • Have you prepared a brief biographical statement to enter at the next step in this submission?

    NOTE: The Editorial Committee will return submissions to authors who fail to provide any of the above information or follow the above guidelines. The review process will not be initiated until such documents are modified in line with the journal's guidelines and resubmitted.

The Journal of Project, Program and Portfolio Management (PPPM) invites authors to submit manuscripts that fall within the ‘Focus and Scope’ of the journal. Acceptance of an article for publication in the PPPM Journal is made on condition that authors accept the parameters described in About the Journal.

Submitted articles must not be under consideration elsewhere and must be previously unpublished. Copyright for articles published in the Journal of PPPM is retained by the authors, with first publication rights granted to the journal

By virtue of their appearance in this open access journal, articles are free to use, with proper attribution, in educational and other non-commercial settings. The names and email addresses entered in the Journal of PPPM site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.

Authors should post their submissions online after registering and logging in at http://epress.lib.uts.edu.au/journals/pppm/.
No hard copy submissions will be accepted. Receipt will be automatically acknowledged and registered. After an assessment of the paper’s suitability for publication in Journal of PPPM, the editors will send it electronically to two referees, who will decide whether to recommend rejection or publication with or without changes. The process is tracked electronically, including any communication with the author.

Authors and reviewers remain anonymous. Authors should not identify themselves in any way in their article.

Accepted articles, when in final form, are assigned to an issue of Journal of PPPM, copy edited and formatted for publication. On the date of publication, the issue will be announced and subscribers notified. Subscribers can read articles as published or retrieve them later through searches.

Articles will generally be between 4000 and 8000 words in length including references and should use the modified Harvard referencing style, as outlined below. Submissions that do not conform to the journal's author and style guidelines will be returned to authors for modification; no review will be undertaken if authors have not followed these guidelines.

Articles must be in English. Australian, British or American spelling is acceptable.

All articles must be accompanied by an abstract of up to 300 words and a list of up to six key words.


Please use the typeface Times New Roman throughout your article. The main text of submissions should be typed in 1.5 spacing in a font size of 12pt. The text should be justified on the left margin only (not justified on the right). The Reference List should be single-spaced 10pt, with distinctions between references marked by single carriage returns and hanging indents. References are to be in the modified Harvard style, but where notes are necessary please use footnotes. Footnote text is to be single-spaced 10pt. Authors should avoid word divisions and hyphens at the end of lines. Use a single (not a double) space after full stops and other punctuation. Do not put a space in front of a question mark, or in front of any other closing quotation mark. The beginning of a new paragraph should be indicated by a space made by a double carriage return (not an indent). Insert page numbers on the bottom right hand corner of each page. Limit headings to three levels. The first level (for the title of the paper) should be 16pt bold. The second level (for subheadings) should be 12 pt bold, and if a third level is necessary use 12pt underlined text. Capitalise the first letters of words in titles and headings. Subheadings should be separated from the preceding paragraph by a space, but do not put a space before the paragraph immediately following the subheading.

Use FULL STOPS after abbreviations but NOT in the case of contractions (Dr, Prof) or capitalised abbreviations (NSW, USA).

Use CAPITALS only for proper nouns or to avoid ambiguity.

If referring more than once to an organization, place etc use FULL TITLE first followed by an abbreviation or contraction in parentheses: eg the United Nations (UN).

Use single QUOTATION MARKS for quotes. ‘Use “double quote marks” within single quotes’ for quotations within quotations. Quotations of more than three lines should be indented.

Use three POINTS OF ELLIPSIS (…) for breaks within quotations but not at the beginning of quotes.

Use ITALICS sparingly for emphasis, uncommon or foreign words.

DATES should be expressed by day, month and year (1 January 2005) though this form must not be used at the beginning of sentences. Use 1920s NOT 1920’s and 1959-60 NOT 1959-1960.

Only use UNDERLINE if used in a quotation.

Use [SQUARE BRACKETS] for interpolations.

Referencing style (modified Harvard)

For a short direct quote, single quotation marks are used to distinguish the original text and the author(s), year and page number are given in parentheses. Double quotation marks should only be used for quotes within quotes

Example: One of the activists referred to feminism as a ‘vampire’ that, if reborn, had to be ‘pierced through the heart with a big and strong rosewood stake’ (Sklevicky 1996: 87).

This demonstrates that, ‘when flows of libido resist therapeutic practice, rather than being a resistance of the ego, this is the intense outcry of all of desiring-production’ (Deleuze and Guattari 1977: 66-67).

If a source is repeated within a single paragraph, refer to it with page number/s. DO NOT use Ibid. or Op.cit.

Example: ‘The ego, however, is like daddy-mommy; the schizo has long since ceased to believe in it’ (23).

Direct quotes of 4 lines or longer are included as free-standing paragraphs, without quotation marks, single spaced 10 pt and indented 1 cm from the left margin.

Example: Note: entire quote will be indented 1 cm from the left margin,

Even scholars with the slightest modicum of interest in Latin America know of the long and problematic relationship the U.S. has had, and continues to have, with the region. Economic, political, or tourist designs on particular locations since the end of the Spanish-American War established colonial conditions through such epithets as 'banana republic,' 'the good neighbor,' 'south of the border,' 'commonwealth,' 'backyard,' or 'Free Trade Zone.' One glance at the U.S. role in the Cuban war of independence, the invasion of Puerto Rico, the Mexican annexation, or subsequent interventions in ... Caribbean and Central American nations surely would contest any ideas about U.S. neutrality .... [It is clear that] as a nation, El Norte is never, nor has it been, indifferent about Latin America. (Sandoval-Sánchez & Saporta Sternbach 2001: 25)

The use of the 3 ellipsis points (...) indicates that text from the original sentence has been omitted. The use of 4 ellipsis points (....) indicates that the material between the sentences has been omitted. Items in square brackets signal an addition or alteration to the original text, as in the above example.

Paraphrases and summaries of other authors' work are followed by a reference to the source details in parentheses.

Example: Ugrešic concludes the book with a reference to the ‘Witches from Rio’ affair in which she refutes any collective identification (1998: 273).

Alternatively, the author’s surname may be integrated into the text, followed immediately by the year of publication in parentheses.

Example: Ugrešic (1998: 273) concludes the book with a reference to the ‘Witches from Rio’ affair in which she refutes any collective identification.

For works with more than three authors, cite the name of the first author followed by et al. and the year.

Example: Roper, et al. (1980) OR (Roper, et al., 1980)

For authors with multiple articles or books published in the same year, distinguish the publications from each other by adding a,b,c etc. to the year immediately after the author's name. [In the reference list, order the titles by publication date, the earliest publication coming first. If, for example, you include references to three works by one author in a single year, those references are ordered alphabetically by title, and numbered Yeara, Yearb, and Yearc respectively].

Example: (Dickinson 1990a) - (Dickinson 1990b) etc.

When citing more than one source, separate the entries by using semi-colons.

Example: These tensions have been fully documented in the writing of various authors (Drakulić 1998; Jalušić 1994; Funk 1993; Elshtain 1995).

Chapter in an edited book, an article or a paper

Cite the authors of the article or chapter (not the editor, unless the work is that of the editor) and the year.

Anonymous works

Use title and year. Do not use Anon or Anonymous in your reference. For anonymous newspaper articles, provide title of the newspaper, day month year of publication and page number.

Example: (Sydney Morning Herald 15 Jan. 2002, 15)

Electronic sources

In citing electronic journals, web pages or web sites, follow the same principles as for printed sources. For direct quotes, you may wish to indicate the paragraph number, preceded by the paragraph symbol or the abbreviation para.

Example: (Myers 2000, para. 5)

If the author’s name is unknown, cite the web site URL.

Example: http://www.wumingfoundation.com/italiano/giap.htm

Example: available at: http://www.wumingfoundation.com/ (2003). Accessed 12/10/2005.

Interview Material and Personal Correspondence

The first time you cite from an interview or personal correspondence, use a footnote to give the relevant information, such as the name of the correspondent/interviewee (if appropriate), data about their social status, the name of the organization, place of interview, and date of the interview/correspondence. For second and subsequent references to the same interview/correspondence make it clear in the text to which interview/correspondence you are referring (do not use another footnote).

Example: 'According to interviewee Sister Mariani...' OR 'In her emails Sister Mariani wrote that...'

Reference list format: Books

One Author

Author surname, Initial (s) of first name(s)/or first name [either option is acceptable, but all references need to be consistent]. Year, Title. Edition, Publisher, Place of publication.

Example: Mehmet, O. 1999, Westernizing the Third World: the Eurocentricity of Economic Development Theories. 2nd ed., Routledge, London.

Two or More Authors

Author names linked by commas and an ampersand Year, Title, Edition, Publisher, Place of publication.

Example: Anthias, F. & Yuval Davis, N. 1993, Race, Nation, Gender, Colour and Class and the Anti-Racist Struggle. Routledge, London.

Edited Book

Editor (ed.) Year, Title. Edition, Publisher, Place of publication.

Example: Renne, T. (ed.) 1997, Ana’s Land: Sisterhood in Eastern Europe. Westview Press. Boulder, CO.

Translated Book

Author Year, Title. Translator (Trans.), Edition, Publisher, Place of publication.

Example: Van Gennep, A. 1960, The Rites of Passage. 2nd ed., trans. M.B. Vizedom and G.L. Caffee, University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Book Without a Personal Author

Name of organization Year, Title. Edition, Publisher, Place of publication.

Example: Australian Government Publishing Service 2002, Style Manual for Authors, Editors and Printers, 6th ed., AGPS, Canberra.

Book with no Author or Editor

Title Year. Publisher, Place of publication.

Example: Maximum Linux Security: A Hacker’s Guide to Protecting Your Linux Server and Workstation, 1999, Prentice Hall, Hampstead.

Reference List Format: Chapter in Edited Book

Author(s) of chapter Year, ‘Title of Chapter’ in Title of book, (ed.) or (eds) Editor Name, Publisher, Place of publication, page numbers.

Example: Heng, G. 1997, ‘“A Great Way to Fly”: Nationalism, the State and the Varieties of Third-World Feminism’ in Feminist Genealogies, Colonial Legacies, Democratic Futures, (eds) M. J. Alexander and C. T. Mohanty, Routledge, New York, 30-45.

Reference List Format: Journal Articles

Journal Article from a Printed Journal

Author Year, ‘Title of article’, Title of Journal, volume, issue or part (if applicable), (month), page numbers.

Example: Cuneen, G. & Hayllar, B. 1988, ‘Social Meaning of Conflict in Riots at the Australian Grand Prix Motorcycle Races’, Leisure Studies, vol. 7, no. 1, 1-20.

Journal Article from an Electronic Journal

Author Year, ‘Title of article’, Title of Journal [Online], volume, issue. Available: Specific path or URL [Access date].

Example: Drakulic, S. 1999, ‘How I Became a Witch: Nationalism, Sexism and Postcommunist Journalism in Croatia’, Media Studies Journal [Online]. Available: http://archive.tol.cz/fforum/fforum.html [Accessed 5 May 2001].

Full Text Journal Article from an Electronic Database

Author Year, ‘Title of article’, Title of Journal [Online], volume, issue. Available: Name of database and record number (if given) [Access date].

Example: Baugher, D., Varanelli, A. & Weisbord, E. 2000, ‘Gender and Culture Diversity Occurring in Self-Formed Work Groups’, Journal of Managerial Issues, vol. 12, no. 4, 391-407. Online, Available: Ovid/ABI-Inform/65651741 (Accessed 16 Jan. 2002).

Reference List Format: Newspaper Articles


Author Year, ‘Article title’, Newspaper Title, Publication date, page number.

Example: Fray, P. 2002, ‘Harry, the Prince of Pot, Pool and Purple Prose’, Sydney Morning Herald, 14 Jan., 11.

A Newspaper Article from an Electronic Database

Author, Day Month Year, ‘Article Title’, Newspaper Title [Online], page number (if given). Online, Available: Database name, Item number (if given) (Accessed 10 Jan, 2008).

Example: Musa, H. 11 Dec. 2001, ‘Indigenous Art Depth Revealed’, Canberra Times, p. 13. Online, Available: Dow Jones Interactive (Accessed 10 Jan. 2002).

A Newspaper Article Available from the Publisher via the WWW

Author Day Month Year, ‘Article Title’, Newspaper Title , page number (if given). Online, vailable: URL Accessed 10 Jan. 2002).

Example: Dabkowski, S. 4 Feb. 2002, ‘How a Plastic Problem May Just Dissolve’, The Age Online, Available: http://www.theage.com.au/news/state/2002/02/04/ FFX319TP7XC.html (Accessed 13 Feb. 2002).

Reference List Format: Conference Papers

Author Year, ‘Article title’, Proceedings of Conference Name, Publisher, Place of publication, page number.

Example: Wu The-Yao 1975, ‘The Cultural Heritage of Singapore: The Essence of the Chinese Tradition’, Proceedings of the Symposium on The Cultural Heritage of Singapore, Institute of Humanities and the Social Sciences, College of Graduate Studies, Nanyang University, 44-46.

Reference List Format: World Wide Web

Web Document

Author Year, Title of document or page Online, Available: specific path or URL (Accessed 10 Jan. 2002).

Example: McEldowney, P. 1994, Women in Cinema - A Reference Guide Online, Available: http://www.people.virginia.edu/~pm9k/libsci/womFilm.html#intro (Accessed 16 Jan. 2002).

Web Document – Undated

Author n.d., Title. Online, Available: URL (Accessed 10 Jan. 2002).

Example: Pritzker, T. n.d., Early Fragment From Central Nepal Online, Available:
http://www.ingress.com/~astanart/pritzker/pritzker.html (Accessed 8 June 1994).

Web document – No Author

Title Year. ONline, Available: URL (Access date).

Example: The Grass is Always Greener 2002. Online, Available: http://www.greener.com (Accessed 20 June 2002).

Example: García Canclini, N. 1990, Culturas híbridas: Estrategias para entrar y salir de la modernidad. Editorial Grijalbo, México.

Multimedia files

Any graphics that go in the paper must be submitted as separate files. The highest quality master (e.g. TIF) is preferred. Additionally, the graphics must also be embedded in the correct locations within the document. Please note that any graphics created in Microsoft Word must also be submitted as separate files. Filenames for figures must be clearly labelled as Figure 1, Figure 2, etc., at the bottom of the figure, left justified, numbered in sequence, and must be referenced within the text of the article. ALT tags will be applied to all graphics. The default tag will be the figure caption supplied by the author. Authors should provide tag text for any graphics used as links to audio or videos.

All videos must be submitted in a web-optimized format as to allow for progressive download. The preferred format is Windows Media. Videos should be identified in the text as “Video 1, Video 2,” etc., and video filenames should include the corresponding video numbers. Authors must clearly indicate the location of the link to the video within the article. This link could be a text link (e.g., “Video 1”) or a still frame from the video (i.e., a .GIF, .PNG or .JPG file).

Audio files must also be submitted in a web-optimized format in either Windows Media, Real, or Quicktime formats. Audio files should be identified in the text as “Audio 1, Audio 2,” etc., and audio filenames should include the corresponding audio numbers. Authors must clearly indicate the location of the link to the audio within the article. This link could be a text link (e.g., “Audio 1”) or a related graphic.

2.5 MB is the recommended maximum multimedia file size. If it is essential to have files that are larger than this, two different versions of files must be made. One version, less than 2.5 MB in size, will serve as a low-resolution or truncated version. The other version can be up to 15 MB in size. If a multimedia file has both a smaller and larger version associated with it, the smaller version will be the standard option and the larger version will be available from a link in the journal. Journal of PPPM takes no responsibility for the functioning of non-Journal of PPPM content of external websites.