Exile, Return and Restitution in the Czech Republic

Katharine A Vadura


The exile and return experiences in the Czech lands since 1918 have been various and have had significant implications for the people who live and once lived in that territory. The focus of this paper is on the Sudeten Germans a former minority of the Czech lands. The exile experience of this group has resulted in significant debate as to whether this form of exile as legislated banishment was expulsion or displacement, and whether they should have the right to return. In addition the question of guilt as a mechanism for invoking the forced transfer of a population has also raised the issue of recompense or restitution. Conceptual issues like nationalism, identity, belonging and the right to a homeland have played an important part in the attempts at the development of a stable state and also more recently reconciliation processes between the Czechs and Sudeten Germans.


Minority rights, Forced migration, Homeland, Restitution

Full Text



Avineri, S A. 1993, Forum on Restitution, East European Constitutional Review, vol.2, no.3, Summer.

Barkan, E. 2000, The Guilt of Nations. Restitution and Negotiating Historical Injustices, W.W. Norton, New York.

Bauer, F J. 1995, Aufnahme und Eingliederung der Flchtlinge und Vertriebenen. Das Beispiel Bayern 1945 - 1950, in Benz, W (ed.), Die Vertreibung der Deutschen aus dem Osten, Fischer Taschenbuch Verlag, Frankfurt am Main.

Blumenwitz, D. 1985, Der Prager Vertrag, Kulturstiftung der deutschen Vertriebenen, Mnchen.

Bren, P. 1994, Czech restitution laws rekindle Sudeten Germans' grievances, RFE/RL Research Report, vol. 3, no. 2, 14 January.

Campbell, G F. 1975, Confromtation in Central Europe. Weimar Germany and Czechoslovakia, University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Cornwall, M. 1992, Dr Eduard Bene and Czechoslovakia's German minority, in Morison, J (ed.), The Czech and Slovak Experience, St Martins Press, New York.

Crane, J O. Crane, S. 1991, Czechoslovakia: Anvil of the Cold War, Praeger, New York.

CTK Daily News (Czech Press Agency), Prague, Czech Republic.

De Condole, J. 1993, Czechoslovakia: The End of an Illusion, Institute for European Defence and Strategic Studies, Prague.

De Zayas, A. 1988, Nemesis at Potsdam: The Expulsion of the Germans from the East, 3rd ed., University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln.

Die Sudetendeutschen Eine Volksgruppe im Herzen Europas 1848 1988 von der Frankfurter Paulskirche zur Bundesrepublik Deutschland, , 1995, Sudetendeutscher Rat, Mnchen.

Bundesministerium fur Vertriebene, Fluchtlinge und Kriegsgeschadigte, 1994, Die Vertreibung der deutschen Bevlkerung aus der Tschechoslowakei - Eine Dokumentation, vol. 1, Herausgegeben vom ehemaligen Bundesministerium fur Vertriebene, Fluchtlinge und Kriegsgeschadigte, Weltbild Verlag, Augsburg.

Grenville, JAS. 1987, The Major International Treaties 1914-1945, Methuen, London.

Grosser, A. 1978, Geschichte Deutschlands seit 1945, 6th ed, dtv, Mnchen.

Habermas, J. 1998, The Inclusion of the Other. Studies in Political Theory, ed. by C. Cronin, P de Greiff, Polity Press, Cambridge.

Havel, V. 1994, Toward a Civil Society, Nkladatelstvi Lidov Noviny, Prague.

Holmes, S. 1993, A Forum on Restitution, East European Constitutional Review, vol.2, no.3, Summer.

Jaspers, K. 1967, Philosophy is for Everyman: a short course in philosophical thinking, transl. Hull, R F. Wells, G. Harcourt Brace and World, New York.

Jezek, T. 1997, The Czechoslovak Experience with Privatization, Journal of International Affairs, vol. 50, no. 2, Winter.

Kohler, B. 1995, Schutzwall fr die Bene-Dekrete: Die tschechischen Reihen sind geschlossen, Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, March 10.

Kral, V. 1964, Die Deutschen in der Tschechoslowakei 1933 - 1947. Dokumentensammlung., Nakladatelstv, Ceskoslovensk Akademie Ved, Prague.

Kubes, M. 1995, Positive Stimmen in der tschechischen Presse: 'Die Vertreibung war Unrecht machen wir es wieder gut!', Sudetendeutsche Zeitung, 11 August 1995, Mnchen.

Kuhn, E. 1989, Nicht Rache, nicht Vergeltung, Ullstein, Frankfurt am Main.

Larres, K. Panayi, P. 1996, The Federal Republic of Germany since 1949, Longman, London.

Macartney, C A. 1996, National States and National Minorities, in Woolf, S. (ed.) Nationalism in Europe 1815 to the Present. A Reader. Routledge, London.

Offe, C. Bnker, F. 1993, A Forum on Restitution, East European Constitutional Review, vol.2, no.3, Summer.

Paikert, G C. 1962, The German Exodus. A Selective study on the post-World War II Expulsion of German Populations and its Effects, Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague.

Paneth, P. 1943, Eduard Bene A Leader of Democracy, Alliance Press Limited, London.

Pehe, J. 1994, The Czech Republic: A Successful Transition, RFE/RL Research Report, Vol. 3, No. 1, January.

Prinz, F. 1995, 'Odsun Nemcu', die Vertreibung der Sudetendeutschen 1945: Ein kritischer Rckblick, in Odsun. Die Vertreibung der Sudetendeutschen. Beglietband zur Ausstellung, Sudetendeutsches Archiv, Mnchen.

Roucek, J S. 1948, Central Eastern Europe. Crucible of World Wars, Prentice Hall, New York.

Schmidt-Hartmann, E. 1996, Tschechoslowakei, in Benz, W, Dimension des Vlkermords. Die Zahl der judischen Opfer des Nationalsozialismus, dtv Wissenschaft, Mnchen.

Schoenberg, H W. 1970, Germans from the East, A Study of their Migration, Resettlement, and Subsequent Group History Since 1945, Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague.

Sher, G. 1993, A Forum on Restitution, East European Constitutional Review, vol.2, no.3, Summer.

Taborsky, E. 1945, Czechoslovak Democracy at Work, Allen & Unwin, London.

Vondrov, J. (ed.), 1994, Cei a sudetonemeck otazk 1939 - 1945, Dokumenty, stav mezinrodnch vztahu, Praha.

Wiskemann, E. 1956, Germany's Eastern Neighbours. Problems Relating to the Oder-Neisse line and the Czech Frontier Regions, Oxford University Press, London.

Zeman, Z. 1991, The Making and Breaking of Communist Europe, Basil Blackwell, Oxford.

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM