From the Andes to the Outback: Transnational Trajectories and Cultural Identity

Philippa Collin


This paper raises questions about the development of cultural identity as it will transform and impact upon the process of regional integration in the Asia Pacific Rim, through a consideration of the post-national tendencies created by migrant populations, in this case the Chilean diasporic community. I am specifically interested in how nationalisms impact on regional integration projects and how a post-national reading of the region might be beneficial in developing strategies in regional integration.

Full Text:



Appadurai, A, 1996a, Modernity at Large: Cultural Dimensions of Globalization, University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis.

Appadurai, A, 1996b, 'Sovereignty Without Territoriality: Notes for a Postnational Geography' in, The Geography of Identity, ed. P. Yaeger, University of Michigan, USA.

Basch, L. Schiller, N.G. & Blanc, C.S. 1994, Nations Unbound: Transnational Projections, Postcolonial Predicaments and Deterritorialized Nation States, Gordon and Breach, Langhorne, PA.

Bhabha, H. 1990, Nation and Narration, Routledge, London.

Bhabha, H. 1994, The Location of Culture, Routledge, London.

Bureau of Immigration, Multicultural and Population Research, 1991, Community Profiles, 1991 Census, Chile Born, Australian Government Publishing service, ACT.

Caba, G. 1988, Hidden Heritage: The Fairfield Community, Fairfield City Council, Wakely, NSW.

Carta de Sydney, Cabildos Culturales, Sydney 2002.

Clifford, J. 1999, 'Diasporas' in Migration, Diasporas and Transnationalism, (eds) S. Vertovec & R. Cohen, Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd., Cheltenham.

Corthorn, H. 2002, 'Cabildo Cultural unio a la comunidad chilena', El nuevo Espanol en Australia, Sydney, 30 April, 17

Daryl Slack, J. 1996, 'The Theory and Method of Articulation in Cultural Studies' in Stuart Hall: Critical Dialogues in Cultural Studies, eds David Morley, & Kuan-Hsing Chen, Routledge, London.

Department of Immigration and Multicultural Affairs 1997, What it means to be an Australian Citizen, Commonwealth Government of Australia.

Department of Immigration and Multicultural Affairs,, accessed July 2002.

Fiedler, S. 2000, Beyond Pinochet: Class, Power and Desire in Pinochet's Chile, PhD. Thesis, School of Sociology, University of New South Wales, Sydney.

Gilroy, P. 1991 'It ain't where you're from, It's where you're at"The Dialectics of Diaspora Identification', Third Text 13 Winter, pp.3-16 sourced here in Migration, Diasporas and Transnationalism, eds S. Vertovec, & R. Cohen 1999, Edward Elgar Pub.Ltd, Cheltenham."

Gupta, A. & Ferguson, J. 1992, 'Beyond Culture": Space, Identity and the Politics of Difference', Cultural Anthropology February Vol.7, No.1, pp. 6-23."

Hall, S. 1990, 'Cultural Identity and Diaspora' in Identity: Culture, Community, Difference, ed. Jonathan Rutherford, Lawrence and Wishart, London.

Hall, S. 1992, 'The Question of Cultural Identity' in Modernity and its Futures, eds S. Hall, S. D. Held, & T. McGrew, Polity Press in Assoc. with the Open University, Cambridge.

Hall, S. 1996, 'New Ethnicities', in Stuart Hall: Critical Dialogues in Cultural Studies, eds D. Morley & C. Kuan-Hsing, Routledge, London.

Hage, G. 1998, White Nation: Fantasies of White supremacy in a Multicultural Society, Pluto Press, Sydney.

Hassan, I. 1998, 'Counterpoints: Nationalism, colonialism, multiculturalism etc. in personal perspective', in Multicultural States: Rethinking Difference and Identity, ed. David Bennett, Routledge, London.

Itzigsohn, J. 2000, 'Immigration and the Boundaries of Citizenship: The Institutions of Immigrant's Political Transnationalism [1]', International Migration Review Winter 2000, v.34, i.4, p.1126.

Langer, B. 1998, 'Globalisation and the Myth of Ethnic Community: Salvadoran Refugees in Multicultural States', in Multicultural States: Rethinking Difference and Identity, ed. David Bennett, Routledge, London.

Mandaville, P. 2001, Transnational Muslim Politics: Re-imagining the Umma, Routledge, London.

Martin Montenegro, G.A. 1994, La Campania de solidaridad de Australia con Chile: 1973 1990, M.A. (Honours) thesis, University of New South Wales.

Morely, D. & Chen, K-H. (eds) 1996, Stuart Hall: Critical Dialogues in Cultural Studies, Routledge, London.

O'Reagan, T. 1996, Australian National Cinema, Routledge, London.

Papastergiadis, N. 1997, 'Tracing Hybridity in Theory' in Debating Cultural Hybridity: Multicultural Identities and the Politics of Anti-Racism, eds P. Webner & T. Modood, Zed Books, London.

Papastergiadis, N. 1998, Dialogues in the Diaspora: Essays and Conversations on Cultural Identity, Rivers Oram Press, London & New York.

Pereira Petruzzi, A. (ed.) 2001, Report of the First National Convention of Chilean Organisations in Australia, Sponsored by Hon. Bob Carr Premier NSW, Fairfield City Council.

Rutherford, J. (ed.) 1990, Identity: Community, Culture, Difference, Lawrence & Wishart, London.

Schein, L. 1998, 'Forged Transnationality and Operational Cosmopolitanism' in Transnationalism from Below Vol 6, eds M.P. Smith & L.E. Guarnizo, Transaction Publishers, New Brunswick.

Smith, P. & Phillips, T. 2001, 'Popular understandings of UnAustralian": an investigation of the un-national', Journal of Sociology, Dec 2001, v.37, i.4., p.323(19)"

Stratton, J. 1998, Race Daze: Australia in Identity Crisis, Pluto Press, Sydney

Stratton, J. 2000, 'Not Just Another Multicultural Story', Journal of Australian Studies September, Victorian Historical Association, p.23.

Cristobal Valdes Saenz, Chilean Ambassador to Australia, 'Letter to the Editor', Spanish Herald 23 April 2002, p. 4

Spivak, G.C. 1988, In other Worlds: Essays in Cultural Politics, Routledge, London & New York

Spivak, G.C. 1990, & Harasym, S. (ed.) The Post-Colonial Critic: Interviews, Strategies, Dialogues, Routledge, New York

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, 'Basic Facts',

Vertovec, S. 1999, 'Conceiving and Researching Transnationalism', Ethnic and Racial Studies vol. 22, i., 2, p.447.

Vertovec, S. 2001, 'Transnationalism and Identity', Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, Oct. 27(4): 573.

Werbner, P. 1997, 'Introduction: The Dialectics of Cultural Hybridity' in Debating Cultural Hybridity, eds P. Webner & T. Modood, Zed Books, London.

Werbner, P. 2002, 'The Place which is Diaspora: Citizenship, Religion and Gender in the Making of Chaordic Transnationalism', Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, Jan vol. 28, i.1, 119-134.

Carta de Sydney and Informe de la Comision Cultural Politico-Social, Cabildos Culturales, 2002.