拆迁普店街:二十世纪末中国都市小说中摧毁和复兴主题的含混 (Bulldozing Pudian Street: Destruction or Renewal? Ambiguities in Big City Novels in Late 20th Century Chinese Literature)

Xia Li

Abstract


There is little doubt that the most cogent literary representation of the experience of modernity has been realised in big city fiction and cinematographic masterpieces such as Fritz Lang's Metropolis (1926). Despite the formal and aesthetic incompatability of early twentieth century (predominantly Western) works of this literary genre and more recent ones, East and West, the underlying dialectic tension between progressive optimism and disorientation, existential up-rootedness, alienation and angst (Rilke's loss of soul) as archetypal manifestation of mega-city reality and its social structure and organisation, constitutes a generic hallmark, regardless of time and place. Significantly, the relevance of this problem is reinforced, theoretically and practically, by the eminent scholar and architect Rem Koolhaas whose reflections have China as a principal reference point of the global "out-of-control process of modernisation". This paper focuses on the literary representation of the complexity and universality of the problem and the social implications of the blurred and ambiguous vision of urban reality with particular reference to contemporary Chinese literature.

Keywords


the city in Chinese fiction, nostalgia, national traditions

Full Text:

PDF

References


é¿å°å¼è±å¾·Â·å¤ä¼¯æï¼ãææäºåæ¡å¤§å¹¿åºãï¼Berlin Alexanderplatzï¼ï¼æ³å°åç¦ä¹å°æ¯å¦åºç社ï¼1955å¹´çã

è¾ç¥ç¹ï¼ãèåãï¼ä¼¦æ¦è´¹ä¼¯åºç社ï¼1922å¹´çã

ç½æ°æï¼ã赤å­ï¼è®ºå½ä»£ä¸­å½æåãï¼In the Red: On Contemporary Chinese Cultureï¼ï¼å¥ä¼¦æ¯äºå¤§å­¦åºç社ï¼1999å¹´çã

ç½æ°æï¼ãçæä¸æµæ°æå­¦ãï¼Wang Shuo and Liumang (âHooliganâ) Cultureï¼, è½½ã澳大å©äºä¸­å½æå¿ãï¼Australian Journal of Chinese Affairsï¼ï¼ 1992年第28æï¼ç¬¬23-64页ã

æ´é¦åï¼ãé形书åï¼äºåä¸çºªä¹å年代ç中å½å¤§ä¼æåãï¼Invisible Writing: The Politics of Chinese Mass Culture in the 1990sï¼ï¼è½½ãç°ä»£ä¸­å½æå­¦åæåãï¼Modern Chinese Literature and Culture ï¼1999年第11æï¼ç¬¬31-57页ã

ä¸å¡ãä½å²©çº¢ï¼ãè¿å»äºåå¹´ç中å½æå­¦ãï¼è½½ã中å½æå­¦ãï¼è±æçï¼1999å¹´å¬ï¼ç¬¬5-12页ã

ä½éå¹Â·æï¼ã大é½ä¼ãï¼Metropolisï¼ï¼çº½çº¦åºè¯ºå½éçµå½±å¶çåï¼1989å¹´åºåã

顾åï¼ãè±å¿ãï¼åèºåºç社ï¼1993å¹´çã

贾平å¹ï¼ãåºé½ãï¼å京åºç社, 1993å¹´çã

ç½ä¼¯ç¹Â·ç©é½å°ï¼Robert MUSILï¼ï¼ã没æ个æ§ç人ãï¼Der Mann ohne Eigenschaftenï¼ï¼æ±å ¡è¥æ²ç¹åºç社ï¼1952å¹´çã

é±ç群ãå´ç¦è¾ã温åæç­ï¼ã中å½ç°ä»£æå­¦ä¸åå¹´ã, ä¸æµ·æèºåºç社ï¼1987å¹´çã

ä»ç·åºåæ¯ãO.M.A.ãæ¯å°ï¼ãå°ã中ã大ãç¹å¤§ãï¼çº½çº¦æ¯çº³é½å©åºç社ï¼1995å¹´çã

çå°¼å°Â·é©¬çäºÂ·éå°åï¼ Rainier Maria Rilkeï¼ï¼ãæ¯å°æ¥è®°ãï¼The Notebooks of Malte Laurids Briggeï¼ï¼M. D. H. Norton è¯, 纽约ï¼è¯ºé¡¿å¬å¸, 1945å¹´çã

è¥å¹Â·æ©éï¼ãä¸æµ·ï¼ç°ä»£ä¸­å½çå³é®ãï¼Shanghai: Key to Modern Chinaï¼ï¼å桥大学åºç社ï¼1953å¹´çã

è¨æ¼Â·æä»è¿ªï¼Salman Rushdieï¼ï¼ãåå¤çå­©å­ãï¼Midnightâs Childrenï¼ï¼ä¼¦æ¦æµ·è§åºç社ï¼1981å¹´çã

å­åãä½å°æ ï¼ãé½å¸é£æµãï¼äººæ°æå­¦åºç社ï¼2004å¹´çã

çèï¼ãè´è¶ãï¼è½½ãåæã1980年第4æã

çèï¼ãå大åä¸çæå¼æ们çå¿æãï¼è½½ã中å½æå­¦ã1999å¹´æ¥ï¼ç¬¬5ï¼24页ã

çæï¼ãåä¸å«ææå½äººãï¼äºå人æ°åºç社, 2003å¹´çã

èå¤æ主ç¼ï¼ãåºé½åºè°ãï¼å­¦èåºç社ï¼1993å¹´çã

éæ¶æï¼ã顽主ä¸é½å¸çå²çªãï¼è½½ãæå­¦è¯è®ºã1989 年第6æï¼ç¬¬87页ã

æ¨ç¼ï¼ã太é³ä¸äººãï¼æ¹åæèºåºç社ï¼1991å¹´çã

å¶æå¿:ãç离学é¢ï¼æ°å½æ¶æçæååæ¿æ²»ï¼1919-1937ã( The Alienated Academy: Culture and Politics in Republican China, 1919-1937)ï¼åä½å¤§å­¦åºç社ï¼1990å¹´çã

约翰·稻æ¯Â·å¸éªæ¯ï¼ãæ¼åé¡¿æ¢çº½ãï¼çº½çº¦å伯åºç社ï¼1926å¹´çã

詹æ¯æ¯Â·ä¹ä¼æ¯ï¼ãå°¤é西æ¯ãï¼å·´é»è士æ¯äºåºç社ï¼1926å¹´çã

å¼ è±è¿ï¼ã中å½æå­¦ä¸çµå½±ä¸­çåå¸ï¼ç©ºé´ãæ¶é´åæ§å«çç»æãï¼æ¯å¦å¼å¤§å­¦åºç社ï¼1996å¹´çã

å·¦èæï¼ãçæï¼ä¸ä¸ªæ¢äºèè§å¸¸è§çä¿äººãï¼ã大ä¼çµå½±ã1989 年第5æï¼ç¬¬14-15页ã




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5130/portal.v4i1.384