Writing Beyond the Wall: Translation, Cross-cultural Exchange, and Chen Ran's 'A Private Life'
The paper examines the effects of the omission of a brief parenthetical section of three paragraphs from one chapter of the Chinese edition of A Private Life. Yet, even that small emendation changes the original text as a cultural object and alters potential modes of its reception. In this case, the translation results in a loss of ambiguity, irony, philosophic and rhetorical sophistication while also offering additive potentials that enhance the generation of new meanings in the translingual exchange, here with reference Tiananmen and contemporary feminism in China. The translation process provides new channels for readers, writers and theorists to dialogue and communicate across gaps of difference, despite inhibiting factors like the imposition of local restraints, the universalising pressures of western modernity, and asymmetrical relations of power between guest and host language contexts.
Barlow, T. E. 2004, The Question of Women in Chinese Feminism, Duke University Press, Durham. http://dx.doi.org/10.1215/9780822385394
Buruma, I. 2001, Bad Elements: Chinese Rebels from Los Angeles to Beijing, Random House, New York.
Chen Ran 2004, A Private Life, Columbia University Press, New York;
Chen Ran 1996, Siren shenghuo, Writers' Publishing House [Zuojia chubanshe], Beijing;
Chen Ran 1998a, Siren shenghuo, Universal Publishing Co., Ltd, Hong Kong;
Chen Ran 1998b, Siren shenghuo, Maitian Co., Ltd., Taiwan;
Chen Ran 2004, Siren shenghuo, revised ed. with colour illustrations by Shen Ling, Beijing Writers' Publishing House [Zuojia chubanshe], Beijing.
Chen Shihe and Yang Yang (eds.) 2001, Criticisms of the 1990s, The Chinese Dictionary Press, Shanghai.
Cixous, H. 1991, 'Coming to writing' and other essays, ed. D. Jenson, trans. S. Cornell, et al, Harvard University Press, Cambridge.
Derrida, J. 1994, Specters of Marx: The State of the Debt, the Work of Mourning, and the New International, Routledge, New York.
Dooling, A. D. 2005, Women's Literary Feminism in Twentieth-Century China, Palgrave Macmillan, New York and Houndsmills. http://dx.doi.org/10.1057/9781403978271
Howard-Gibbon, J. 2004, 'Translator's Note, ' A Private Life, Columbia University Press, New York, i-xv.
Irigaray, L. 1982, Passions lmentaires, Minuit, Paris.
Irigaray, L. 1985, This Sex Which is Not One, trans. G. Gill, Cornell University Press, Ithaca.
Irigaray, L. 1991, Marine Lover of Friedrich Nietzsche, trans. G. Gill, Columbia University Press, New York.
Lacan, J. 1988 The Seminar, Book I. Freud's Papers on Technique, 1953-1954, ed. J-A Miller ed., J. Forrester trans., W.W. Norton & Co., New York.
Liu, L. H. 1995, Translingual Practice: Literature, National Culture and Translated Modernity - China, 1900-1937, Stanford University Press, Stanford.
Liu, L. H. 1999a, 'Introduction' in Tokens of Exchange: The Problem of Translation in Global Circulations, ed. L. H. Liu, Duke University Press, Durham & London, 1-12.
Liu, L. H. 1999b, 'The Question of Meaning-Value in the Political Economy of the Sign' in Tokens of Exchange: The Problem of Translation in Global Circulations, ed. L. H. Liu, Duke University Press, Durham & London, 13-41.
Schaffer, K. and S. Smith 2004, Human Rights and Narrated Lives: The Ethics of Recognition. New York and London, Palgrave Macmillan. http://dx.doi.org/10.1057/9781403973665
Schaffer, K. and Song Xianlin 2006, 'Narrative, Trauma and Memory: Chen Ran's A Private Life, Tiananmen Square and Female Embodiment, ' Asian Studies Review, vol. 30, no. 2 (June), 161-73.
Suleman, S. 1991, 'Introduction' in 'Coming to Writing' and Other Essays, D. Jenson ed., Harvard University Press, Cambridge.
Wang Lingzhen 2004, Personal Matters: Women's Autobiographical Practice in Twentieth-Century China, Stanford University Press, Stanford.
Zheng Yi 2004, 'Personalized Writing' and Its Enthusiastic Critic: Women and Writing of the Chinese 'Post-New Era, ' Tulsa Studies in Women's Literature, vol. 23, no. 1 (Spring), 45-64. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/20455170