Online and Plugged In?: Public History and Historians in the Digital Age

Meg Foster

Abstract


This article examines the complex and powerful relationship between the internet and public history. It explores how public history is being experienced and practiced in a digital world where ‘you’ – both public historians and laypeople – are made powerful through using the world wide web. Web 2.0 is a dynamic terrain that provides both opportunities and challenges to the creation of history. While it may facilitate more open, democratic history making, the internet simultaneously raises questions about gatekeeping, authority and who has the right to speak for the past. Though the web provides new avenues for distributing historical information, how these are used and by whom remain pressing questions. 


Keywords


Public History; Digital History; Historical Authority; History Making; Historical Consciousness

Full Text:

PDF HTML

References


Writing History in the Digital Age. In: DOUGHERTY, J. & NAWROTZKI, K. (eds.). Michigan: University of Michigan Press.

Museum Selfie Day—your pictures. The Telegraph [Online]. Available: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/museums/10588960/Museum-Selfie-day-your-pictures.html [Accessed 2 April 2014].

ACADEMIA.EDU. 2014. Academia.edu –Share research. [Online]. Available at .

Adair, B., Filene, B. & Koloski, L. (eds.) 2011. Letting Go?: Sharing authority in a user-generated world, Philadelphia: The Pew Centre for Arts and Heritage.

Appleby, J., Hunt, L. & Jacob, M. 1994. Telling the Truth About History, London, Norton.

ARMSTRONG, N. 2012. Pinning Reading's History: evaluation report [Online]. Available: http://wawwdresources.s3.amazonaws.com/Reading_Evaluation%20Report_Small.pdf [Accessed 16 April 2014].

Ashton, P. 2010. Going Public. Public History Review, 17, 2.

Ashton, P. & Hamilton, P. 2003. At Home with the Past: background and initial findings from the national survey. Australian Cultural History, 22, 17.

Ashton, P. & Hamilton, P. 2010. History at the Crossroads: Australians and the past, Sydney, Halstead Press.

Becker, C. 1932. Everyman His Own Historian. American Historical Review, 37, 231-236. https://doi.org/10.2307/1838208

Belgrave, M. 2013. Something Borrowed, Something New: history and the Waitangi Tribunal. In: Kean, H. & Martin, P. (eds.) The Public History Reader. London.

BRODMAN, J. W. 2000. E-Publishing: prospects, promises, and pitfalls. Perspectives [Online]. Available: http://chnm.gmu.edu/digitalhistory/links/pdf/introduction/0.18.pdf [Accessed 21 May 2014].

Bryans, W., Camarillo, A., Chattopadhyay, S. & ET AL 2013. Imagining the Digital Future of The Public Historian. The Public Historian, 35, 8-27. https://doi.org/10.1525/tph.2013.35.1.8

CAINES, M. 2014. Museum Selfie day – in pictures. The Guardian [Online]. Available: http://www.theguardian.com/culture-professionals-network/culture-professionals-blog/gallery/2014/jan/22/museum-selfie-day-in-pictures [Accessed 23 May 2014].

CHHAYA, P. 15 March 2014. Energy Efficiency + Climate Change: a conversation with the National Trust for Historic Preservation. History@Work Blog [Online]. Available from: http://publichistorycommons.org/energy-efficiency-plus-climate-change/ [Accessed 8 April 2014].

Clark, A. 2012. Ordinary People's History. History Australia, 9, 201-216.

CONNIFF, M. 2005. Just What is a Blog Anyway? Online Journalism Review [Online]. Available: http://www.ojr.org/p050929/ [Accessed 10 January 2014].

CONRAD, M. & ET AL 2013. Canadians and Their Pasts, Toronto, University of Toronto Press.

COOPER, A. 22 January 2014. Happy Museum Selfie Day! In the Air: ArtInfo Blog [Online]. Available from: http://blogs.artinfo.com/artintheair/2014/01/22/happy-museum-selfie-day/ [Accessed 4 June 2014].

Davison, G. 1998. Public History. In: Davison, G., Hirst, J. & Macintrye, S. (eds.) The Oxford Companion to Australian History. Melbourne: Oxford University Press.

DIXON, M. 26 January 2014. Going Viral with #MuseumSelfie. Wordpress Blog [Online]. Available from: http://www.mardixon.com/wordpress/2014/01/going-viral-with-museumselfie/ [Accessed 8 April 2014].

Filene, B. 2012. Passionate Histories: "outsider" history makers and what they teach us. The Public Historian, 34, 11-33. https://doi.org/10.1525/tph.2012.34.1.11

FRANCIS, R. 1996. The People's Show: a critical analysis. Journal of Conservation and Museum Studies [Online], 1. Available: http://www.jcms-journal.com/article/view/jcms.1963/3 [Accessed 16 April 2014].

Frisch, M. 1990. A Shared Authority: essays on the craft and meaning of oral and public history, New York, State University of New York Press.

Gardiner, J. 2002. The Edwardian Country House. History Today, 52, 18-20.

Gardner, J. B. 2010. Trust, Risk and Public History: A View from the United States. Public History Review, 17, 53.

GOOGLE. 2014. Google Books [Online]. Available: http://books.google.com.au.

GROSSMAN, L. 2006. You – Yes, You – Are TIME's Person of the Year. TIME [Online]. Available: http://content.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,1570810,00.html [Accessed 12 November 2014].

HO, S. 2007. Blogging as Popular History Making, Blogs as Public History: a Singapore case study. Public History Review, 14.

Howe, B. J. 1989. Reflections on an Idea: NCPH's first decade. The Public Historian, 11, 68-85. https://doi.org/10.2307/3378613

III, J. G. D. & NIMER, C. L. 2009. The Interactive Archivist [Online]. Available: http://interactivearchivist.archivists.org/#footnote13 [Accessed 12 June 2014].

Kalela, J. 2013. History Making: The Historian as Consultant. Public History Review, 20, 30.

Kalela, J. 2013. Making History: the historian and the uses of the past. In: Kean, H. & Martin, P. (eds.) The Public History Reader. Routledge.

Kean, H. 2010. People, Historians, and Public History: demystifying the process of history making. The Public Historian, 32, 25-38. https://doi.org/10.1525/tph.2010.32.3.25

Kean, H. 2011. Introduction. Public History Review, 18, 4-5.

KEAN, H. 2013. Introduction. In: KEAN, H. & MARTIN, P. (eds.) The Public History Reader. London: Routledge. https://doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520275591.003.0001

Kelley, R. 1978. Public History: its origins, nature and prospects. The Public Historian, 1, 16-28. https://doi.org/10.2307/3377666

Manovich, L. 2003. New Media from Borges to HTML. In: Wardrip-Fruin, N. & Montfort, N. (eds.) The New Media Reader. Cambridge MA: MIT Press.

MCCALMAN, I. 2007. Historical Re-enactments: should we take them seriously? [Online]. Sydney: The Annual History Lecture, History Council of NSW. Available: http://historycouncilnsw.org.au/wp-content/uploads/2013/01/2007-AHL-Mccalman1.pdf [Accessed 14 May 2014].

MURRAY, L. & GRAHAME, E. 2010. Sydney's Past – History's Future: The Dictionary of Sydney. Public History Review, 17.

NATIONAL COUNCIL OF PUBLIC HISTORY. 2012. About history@work. Public History Commons [Online]. Available: http://publichistorycommons.org/about/about-history-at-work/#sthash.yvLeh39e.dpuf [Accessed 12 October 2014].

NATIONAL LIBRARY OF AUSTRALIA. 2014. Trove [Online]. Available: http://trove.nla.gov.au [Accessed 25 June 2014].

OSWALD, E. 19 March 2014. Museum Selfies: participatory genius or sign of our self centred times? History@Work Blog [Online]. Available from: http://publichistorycommons.org/museum-selfies/ [Accessed 8 April 2014].

PRIEST, T. 17 March 2014. Sound-bite History Reconsidered. history@work Blog [Online]. Available from: http://publichistorycommons.org/sound-bite-history-reconsidered/ [Accessed 8 April 2014].

Rosenzweig, R. & Cohen, D. 2005. Introduction. Digital History: a guide to gathering, preserving and presenting the past on the web. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Rosenzweig, R. & Cohen, D. 2014. Digital History: a guide to gathering, preserving and presenting the past on the web. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Rosenzweig, R. & Thelen, D. 1988. The Presence of the Past: popular uses of history in American Life, New York, Colombia University Press.

Schlatter, N. E. 2010. A New Spin: are DJs, rappers and bloggers "curators"? Museum.

SEE, L. C. 2005-2014. Good Morning Yesterday Blog [Online]. Available from: http://goodmorningyesterday.blogspot.co.uk 2014].

SOCIETY OF AMERICAN ARCHIVISTS. 2014. The Interactive Archivist: case studies in utilising web 2.0 to enhance the Archival Experience [Online]. Available: http://interactivearchivist.archivists.org/ [Accessed 3 June 2014].

STEINHAUER, J. 18 February 2014. @HistoryinPics Brings History to the Public. So What's the Problem? Part 1. History@Work Blog [Online]. Available from: http://publichistorycommons.org/historyinpics [Accessed 8 April 2014].

STEINHAUER, J. 19 February 2014. @HistoryinPics Brings History to the Public. So What's the Problem? Part 2. History@Work Blog [Online]. Available from: http://publichistorycommons.org/historyinpics-part-2/ [Accessed 8 April 2014].

THE DICTIONARY OF SYDNEY. 2014. The Dictionary of Sydney: Sydney's history online and connected [Online]. Available: http://home.dictionaryofsydney.org.

Thompson, E. P. 1963. The Making of the English Working Class, Harmondsworth, Penguin.

UFBERG, M. 2014. Regular Guy from Boston Decides to Map the City's Entire History. Wired [Online]. Available: http://www.wired.com/2014/10/ed-mccarthy-boston-history-mapper/ [Accessed 3 August 2014].




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5130/phrj.v21i0.4295