Renewing the New Order?: Public History in Indonesia

Paul Ashton
Kresno Brahmantyo
Jaya Keaney

Abstract


After the fall of the Suharto regime in 1988, public debates over the nature of history proliferated. While focusing on a number of key national events, most notably the 1965 coup and the killing of over half-a-million people, these debates have raised critical issues over the role or potential role of public history in contemporary Indonesian society. Questions of historical authority are paramount as Indonesian historians, public intellectuals and politicians struggle with a deeply entrenched historical paradigm and narratives of the old ‘New Order’ which continues to inform history in schools, cultural institutions, the media, literature, personal narratives, public rituals and the academy. This paradigm was based on an unquestioning acceptance of official accounts of the past. The demise of the New Order has left a historiographical vacuum which individuals and groups from a broad range of perspectives are trying to fill. Some, like Professor Azumardi Aza, are seeking to straddle the divide between professional and public history. Memory has emerged as a key issue in public debates, attempts have been made at reconciliation between the left and the right, though these faltered, and turf wars have broken out between historians and novelists such as Pramoedya Anata Toer. Women continue to remain relegated to a 'macabre footnote' in Indonesian public history. History in Indonesia is at a crossroads. One road could lead to a more democratic form of public or people’s history; the other to a modified version of the New Order history.

Keywords


Public History, Memorials, Nationalism, Gerwani

Full Text:

PDF

References


Jurist, 8 December.

Jakarta Post [Online]. Available: http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2010/01/10/on-alertafainst-tampering-with-freedom.html [Accessed 25 January 2012].

Indonesia: The Ups and Downs of the Indonesian Women's Movement. Jakarta Post, 20 December.

Sriwijaya Post, 30 September.

Jakarta Post, 23 July.

Adam, A. W. 1999. Pengendalian Sejarah sejk Orde Baru. In: Chambert-Loir, H. & Ambary, H. M. (eds.) Panggung Sejarah: Persembahan kepada Prof. Dr. Denys Lombard. Jakarta: Yayasan Obor.

Andersen, B. & Mcvey, R. 1971. A Preliminary Analysis of the October 1, 1965 Coup in Indonesia, Ithica, Cornell University Modern Indonesia Project.

Anderson, B. 1973. Notes on contemporary Indonesian political communication. Indonesia, 16, 39-80. https://doi.org/10.2307/3350646

Anderson, B. 1987. How did the generals Die? Indonesia, 109-134. https://doi.org/10.2307/3351215

Ashton, P. & Hamilton, P. 2010. History at the Crossroads: Australians and the Past, Sydney, Halstead Press.

Backman, M. 2001. Asian Eclipse: Exposing the Dark Side of Business in Asia, Singapore, John Wiley and Sons.

Bersendjata, K. K. S. A. 1964. Sedjarah Singkat Perdjuangan Bersendjata Bangsa Indonesia (A Concise History of the Armed Struggle of the Indonesian Nation), Jakarta, Staf Angkatan Bersendjata.

Blackburn, S. 2004. Women and the State in Modern Indonesia, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511492198

Blackwood, E. 2005. Gender Transgression in Colonial and Postcolonial Indonesia. Journal of Asian Studies, 64, 849-79. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0021911805002251

Blackwood, E. 2010. Falling into the Lesbi World: Desire and Difference in Indonesia, Honolulu, University of Hawaii Press. https://doi.org/10.21313/hawaii/9780824834425.001.0001

BOELLSTORFF, T. 2012. State Ibuism" is not dead, it's not even past. Jakarta Post, 8 January.

Bourchier, D. 1996. Lineages of Organicist Political Thought in Indonesia. PhD, Monash University.

Christian, D. 2004. History and Global Identity. In: Macintyre, S. (ed.) The Historian's Conscience: Australian historians on the ethics of history. Melbourne: Melbourne University Press.

Darmaputera, E. 1988. Pancasila and the Search for Identity and Modernity in Indonesian Society, The Netherlands, E. J. Brill.

Drakely, S. 2007. Lubang Buaya: Myth, Misogyny and Massacre. Nebula, 4, 12.

Fentress, J. & Wickham, C. 1992. Social Memory, Oxford, Blackwell.

FIGGE, K. 2010. Indonesia's Comfort Women Break Their Silence. Jakarta Globe, 18 August.

Ford, M. & Parker, L. 2008. Women and Work in Indonesia, Oxon, Routledge.

FUND, A. W. S. Women Made to Become Comfort Women – Indonesia [Online]. Digital Museum: The Comfort Women Issue and the Asian Women's Fund. Available: http://www.awf.or.jp/e1/indonesia.html [Accessed 19 February 2012].

Hendy, J. 2000. The Orient Strikes Back, Oxford, Berg.

KLINKEN, H. V. 1999. Coming Out. Inside Indonesia [Online]. Available: http://www.insideindonesia.org/edition-58-apr-jun-1999/coming-out-2209692 [Accessed 12 January 2012].

Martyn, E. 2005. The Women's Movement in Post Colonial Indonesia: Gender and Nation in a new democracy, Oxon, Routledge Curzon. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203299197

Mcgregor, K. 2001. A soldier historian. Inside Indonesia.

Mcgregor, K. E. 2007. History in Uniform: Military Ideology and the Construction of Indonesia's Past, Singapore, National University of Singapore Press.

Prasetyo, D. A. 2006. Indonesia's Truth and Reconciliation commission as a Mechanism for Dealing with Gross Violations of Human Rights. LLM (Human Rights), The University of Hong Kong, Faculty of Law.

Rao, N. (ed.) 2006. Exile: Pramoedya Ananta Toer in conversation with Andre Vltchek and Rossie Indira, Chicago: Haymarket Books.

Roosa, J. 2006. Pretext for Mass Murder: The September 30th Movement and Suharto's Coup d'Etat in Indonesia, Madison, The University of Wisconsin Press.

ROOSA, J. 2010. On Book Banning in Indonesia. VIVanews [Online]. Available: http://us.en.vivanews.com/news/read/126605-on_book_banning_in_Indonesia [Accessed 25 February 2012].

Suryakusuma, J. 1999. The State and Sexuality in New Order Indonesia. In: Sears, L. J. (ed.) Fantasizing the Feminine in Indonesia. USA: Duke University Press.

Thelen, D. 1999. The Nation and Beyond: Transnational Perspectives on United States History. The Journal of American History, 86, 965. https://doi.org/10.2307/2568601

TRANTER, R. 2011. Indonesia's dangerous silence. Inside Story [Online]. Available: http://inside.org.au/indonesia-dangerous-silence/ [Accessed 5 January 2012].

Vickers, A. 2010. A History of Modern Indonesia, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.

Wichelen, S. V. 2009. Polygamy Talk and the Politics of Feminism: Contestations over masculinity in a new Muslim Indonesia. Journal of International Women's Studies, 11.

Wieringa, S. 1999. Reformasi, Sexuality and Communism in Indonesia. Paper presented to the Living Genders/Sexualities in Southeast Asia Conference, Manchester.

Wieringa, S. 2002. Sexual Politics in Indonesia, New York, Palgrave. https://doi.org/10.1057/9781403919922

Zurbuchen, M. 2002. History, memory and the "1965 incident" In Indonesia. Asian Survey, 42, 564-81. https://doi.org/10.1525/as.2002.42.4.564

ZURBUCHEN, M. S. 2002. History, Memory and the "1965 Incident" in Indonesia. Asian Survey, 24, 566. https://doi.org/10.1525/as.2002.42.4.564




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5130/phrj.v19i0.2837