Displacing Androcracy: Cosmopolitan Partnerships in Bapsi Sidhwa’s Water

Stefano Mercanti


Abstract

Set against the backdrop of Gandhi’s Freedom Movement, Water pushes the boundaries of India’s male-dominant cultural narratives beyond patriarchal predicaments by questioning the religious tradition and the oppressive constraints imposed on Hindu widows. This paper aims to show how Sidhwa’s characters move toward more caring and life-enhancing scenarios by portraying relationships of mutual support in which human beings give evidence of ‘other’ possible patterns of construction of the self and forms of co-existence, thus overcoming the rigid discourses imposed by dominator hierarchies.

Keywords

Partnership studies; cosmopolitan partnerships

Full Text

PDF

References

Appiah, K.A. 2007, Cosmopolitanism: Ethics in a World of Strangers, Norton, New York.

Arora, K., Kamal S., & Ahmad, U. 2005, 'Water: drenched in colonial benevolence', Seven Oaks Magazine, viewed 1 August 2011

Chakrabarty, D. 2000, Provincializing Europe, Princetown University Press, Princetown, NJ.

Chakrabarty, U. 2003, Gendering Caste Through a Feminist Lens, STREE, Calcutta.

Chauhan, A. 2011, 'Social securities and aged widows in conflict situations: social transformation at the international border in northwest India', in Analyzing Gender, Intersectionality, and Multiple Inequalities: Global, Transnational and Global Contexts, Chow, E.N., Segal, M.T., Tan L. (eds.), Emerald, Bingley, UK, pp. 235-262. http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/S1529-2126(2011)0000015016

Chen, M. A. 2001, Perpetual Mourning. Widowhood in Rural India, Oxford University Press, New Delhi.

Chughtai, I. 1996, Ismat Chugtai: The Quilt and Other Stories, ed. and trans. by T. Naqvi & S.S. Hameed, Kali for Women, New Delhi.

Eisler, R. 1987, The Chalice and the Blade: Our History, Our Future, Harper & Row, San Francisco.

Eisler, R. 1996, Sacred Pleasure. Sex, Myth, and the Politics of the Body: New Paths to Power and Love, Harper & Row, San Francisco.

Eisler, R. 2000, Tomorrow's Children, Westview Press, Boulder, CO.

Eisler, R. 2002a, The Power of Partnership, New World Library, Novato, CA.

Eisler, R. 2002b, 'The dynamics of cultural and technological evolution: Domination versus Partnership', World Futures 58, pp. 159-174. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02604020210684

Eisler, R. 2007, The Real Wealth of Nations, Berrett-Koehler, San Francisco.

Ghosh, A. 2008 (ed.) Behind the Veil. Resistance, Women and the Everyday in Colonial South Asia, Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke, UK.

Gilroy, P. 2004, After Empire. Melancholia or Convivial Culture, Routledge, London.

Gimbutas, M. 1974, The Goddess and the Gods of Old Europe, 7000-3500 BC: Myths and Cult Images, Thames & Hudson, London.

Gimbutas, M. 1982, The Language of the Goddess, Harper & Row, San Francisco.

Gimbutas, M. 1991, The Civilization of the Goddess, Harper & Row, San Francisco.

Gupta, S. 2007, 'Variations on a theme. Water and Banaras', in Films, Literature & Culture, Jain J. (ed.), Rawat, New Delhi, pp. 241-254.

Karkaria, B. 2005, 'Ice Candy Woman. An interview with Bapsi Sidhwa', The Times of India, 19 February, ed. 4, Lucknow.

Jain, J. 2007, 'The diasporic eye and the evolving I', in Films, Literature & Culture, Jain J. (ed.) Rawat, New Delhi, pp. 54-74.

Mannoni, F. 2007, 'Bapsi Sidhwa: Water" Interview', "

Mehta, D. 2005, viewed 20 July 2011

Mignolo, W.D. 2002, 'The many faces of cosmo-polis: border thinking and critical cosmopolitanism', in Breckenridge C. A., Pollock S., Bhabha, H.K. & Chakrabarty, D. (eds), Cosmopolitanism, Duke University Press, Durham & London, pp. 157-187. http://dx.doi.org/10.1215/9780822383383-007

Montenegro, D. 1990, 'Bapsi Sidhwa: an interview', The Massachusets Review, pp. 513-533.

Phillips, R. 2006, 'Deepa Mehta speaks with WSWS',

Rai, S. 2007, 'The diasporic gaze. Deepa Mehta's and Bapsi Sidhwa's Water', in Jain, J. (ed.) Films, Literature and Culture. Deepa Mehta's Elements Trilogy, Rawat, New Delhi, pp. 201-217.

Ramchandani, V.1998, 'Passionate plots', viewed 22 July 2011

Sharma, J. 2003, Hindutva. Exploring the Idea of Hindu Nationalism, Penguin Viking, New Delhi.

Sidhwa, B. 1991, Cracking India, Milkweed Editions, Minneapolis, MN.

Sidhwa, B. 2000, 'They are punishing Deepa for deflating their egos', viewed 17 July 2011 < http://www.wsws.org/articles/2000/may2000/dm2-m19.shtml>

Sidhwa, B. 2006, Water, Penguin Viking, New Delhi.