Speaking the Unspoken: Racism, Sport and Maori
Abel, S. 1996, 'Wild Maori" and "tame Maori" in television news. New Zealand Journal of Media Studies, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 33-38."
Arnold, P. J. 1992, 'Sport as a valued human practice: A basis for the consideration of some moral issues in sport. Journal of Philosophy of Education, vol 26, no. 2, pp. 237-255. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9752.1992.tb00284.x
Ballara, A. 1986, Proud to be White? A Survey of Pakeha Prejudice in New Zealand. Heinemann, Auckland.
Bell, A. 2004, 'Half-castes" and "white natives": The politics of Maori-Pakeha hybrid identities', in Bell C. and Matthewman, S. (eds), Cultural Studies in Aotearoa New Zealand: Identity, Space and Place, Oxford University Press, South Melbourne, Australia, pp. 121138."
Bishop, R. 2005, 'Freeing ourselves from neocolonial domination in research: A kaupapa Maori approach to creating knowledge' in Denzin N. K. and Lincoln Y. S. (eds), The SAGE Handbook of Qualitative Research (3rd ed), Sage, Thousand Oaks, CA, pp. 109-138.
Bishop, R. 1999, 'Kaupapa Maori research: An Indigenous approach to creating knowledge', in Robertson, N. (ed), Maori and Psychology: Research and Practice - The Proceedings of a Symposium sponsored by the Maori and Psychology Research Unit. Maori & Psychology Research Unit, Hamilton.
Boock, R. 2008, November 11, 'She'll be white, bro'. The Sunday Star Times. Accessed January 10, 2010, from http://www.stuff.co.nz/sunday-star-times/sport/669085
Bruce, T., & Wensing, E. H. 2009, She's not one of us": Cathy Freeman and the place of Aboriginal people in Australian national culture', Australian Aboriginal Studies, no. 2, pp. 90-100."
Campbell Live. 2010, February 28. Andy Haden interview about race comments, TV3. Retrieved August 2, 2010, from: http://www.3news.co.nz/Andy-Haden---interview-about-race-comments/tabid/367/articleID/158120/Default.aspx
Coakley, J., Hallinan, C., Jackson, S. & Mewett, P. 2009, Sports in Society: Issues and Controversies in Australia and New Zealand. McGraw-Hill, Sydney.
Coakley, J. J. 2004, Sport in Society: Issues and Controversies (8th ed). McGraw-Hill, Boston.
Cohen, S. 2001, States of Denial: Knowing about Atrocities and Suffering. Blackwell, Cambridge, UK.
Collins, C. & Jackson, S. (eds) 2007, Sport in Aotearoa/New Zealand Society. Dunmore Press, Palmerston North.
Coram, S. 2007 'Race formations (evolutionary hegemony) and the aping" of the Australian indigenous athlete', International Review for the Sociology of Sport, vol 42, pp. 391-409." http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1012690208089833
Cormack, D. 2006, April, 'Discourse representation, and ethnic disparities' in Proceedings from the Mauri Ora symposium conducted at Te Ropu Rangahau Hauora a Eru Pomare, Wellington.
Ellis, R., Sperling, A. & Toma-Dryden, N. 1999, 'Maori netball in Aotearoa/New Zealand: Tu ora, tu kaha, tu mana, tu Maori Be healthy, be fit, be proud, be Maori', in Grant B. & Pringle R. (eds), Leisure Experiences: Interpretation and Action. Proceedings of the Fourth Conference of the Australian and New Zealand Association for Leisure Studies, University of Waikato, Hamilton, NZ, pp. 49-55.
Fanon, F. 1967, Black skin, White mask. Grove Press, New York.
Gardiner, G. 1997, 'Racial abuse and football: The Australian Football League's racial vilification rule in review, ' Sporting Traditions, vol 14, no. 1, pp. 3-25.
Hall, S. 1992, 'The question of cultural identity' in Hall, S. Held D. & McGrew T. (eds), Modernity and its Futures, Polity, Oxford, UK, pp. 273-327.
Hallinan, C & Judd, B. 2009, 'Changes in assumptions about Australian indigenous footballers: From exclusion to enlightenment', International Journal of the History of Sport, vol 26, no. 16, pp. 2358-2375. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09523360903457015
Hallinan, C. & Judd, B. 2007, 'Blackfellas" basketball: Aboriginal identity and Anglo-Australian race relations in regional basketball', Sociology of Sport Journal, vol 24, pp. 421-436."
Hippolite, H. R. 2008a, 'Cultural denial and Maori experiences of racism in sport'. Presentation at the Sport, Race and Ethnicity: Building a Global Understanding conference, University of Technology, Sydney, Australia, November 30-December 2.
Hippolite, H. R. 2008b, 'Towards an equal playing field: Racism and Maori women in sport'. Mai Review, vol 1, pp. 1-12.
Hippolite, H. R. 2006, July 3, 'Holly Hippolite from off the bench'. Sportsfreak. Retrieved 20 January, 2010 from http://www.co.nz/show-column.asp?ID=150
Hokowhitu, B. 2009, 'Maori rugby and subversion: Creativity, domestication, oppression and decolonization', International Journal of the History of Sport, vol 26, no. 16, pp. 2314-2334. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09523360903457023
Hokowhitu, B. 2007, 'Maori sport: Pre-colonisation to today' in Collins C. & Jackson S. (eds), Sport in Aotearoa/New Zealand Society, Dunmore Press, Palmerston North, pp.78-95.
Hokowhitu, B. 2005, 'Rugby and tino rangatiratanga: Early Maori rugby and the formation of Maori masculinity', Sporting Traditions: Journal of the Australian Society for Sports History, vol 21, no. 2, pp. 75-95.
Hokowhitu, B. 2004, 'Physical beings: Stereotypes, sport and the physical education" of New Zealand Maori', in Mangan J. A. & Ritchie A. (eds), Ethnicity, Sport, Identity: Struggles for Status Frank Cass, London pp. 192-218."
Hokowhitu, B. 2003a, 'Maori masculinity, post-structuralism, and the emerging self', New Zealand Sociology, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 179-201.
Hokowhitu, B. 2003b, 'Race tactics: The racialised athletic body', Junctures: The Journal for Thematic Dialogue, vol. 1, pp. 21-34.
Hokowhitu, B. & Scherer, J. 2008, 'The Maori All Blacks and the decentering of the white subject: Hyperrace, sport, and the cultural logic of late capitalism', Sociology of Sport Journal, vol. 25, pp. 243-262.
Hyde, T. 1993, February, 'White men can't jump: The Polynesianisation of sport', Metro, pp. 62-69.
Ihimaera, W. 1998, 'Introduction' in Ihimaera, W. (ed), Growing up Maori, Tandem Press, Birkenhead, NZ, pp. 11-16.
Jarvie, G. & Reid, I. 1997, 'Race relations, sociology of sport and the new politics of race and racism', Leisure Studies, vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 211-219. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/026143697375296
Jackson, S. J. & Hokowhitu, B. 2002, 'Sport, tribes and technology: The New Zealand All Blacks haka and the politics of identity'. Journal of Sport and Social Issues, vol 26, no. 2, pp. 125-139. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0193723502262002
King, C. 2004, Offside Racism: Playing the White Man. Berg, Oxford, UK.
Lee, M. J., & Cockman, M. 1995, 'Values in children's sport: Spontaneously expressed values among young athletes', International Review for the Sociology of Sport, vol. 30, no. 3-4, pp. 337-350. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/101269029503000307
McGregor, J. & Te Awa, J. 1996, 'Racism and the news media', in Spoonley, P. McPherson, C. & Pearson, D. (eds), Patai: Racism and Ethnic Relations in Aotearoa/New Zealand, Dunmore Press, Palmerston North, NZ.
McLean, M. 1999, 'Warriors & blokes: The problem of Maori rugby for Pakeha masculinity in New Zealand', in Chandler, T. C. & Nauright, J. (eds), Making the Rugby World: Race, Gender, Commerce, Cass, London, pp. 1-26.
McLean, M. 2001, 'Almost the same, but not quite...Almost the same, but not white. Maori and Aotearoa/New Zealand's 1981 Springbok Tour', Kunapipi: Journal of Postcolonial Writing, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 69-82.
Meijl, T. Van., & Miedema, J. 2004, 'The Maori cultural renaissance and biculturalism in New Zealand', in Meijl, T. van & Miedema J., Shifting Images of Identity in the Pacific, KITLV Press, Lieden, Holland, pp. 135-158.
Melnick, M. 1996, 'Maori women and positional segregation in New Zealand netball: Another test of the Anglocentric hypothesis', Sociology of Sport Journal, vol 13, pp. 259-273.
Melnick, M. J. & Thomson, R. W. 1996, The Maori people and positional segregation in New Zealand rugby football: A test of the Anglocentric hypothesis', International Review for the Sociology of Sport, vol 31, no. 2, pp. 139-154. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/101269029603100202
Palmer, F. 2007, 'Treaty principles and Maori sport: Contemporary issues', in Collins, C. & Jackson, S. (eds), Sport in Aotearoa/New Zealand Society (2nd ed), Thomson, Auckland, NZ, pp. 307-334.
Palmer, F. 2006, 'State of Maori sport', in Mulholland, M. (ed), State of the Maori Nation: Twenty-first Century Issues in Aotearoa, Reed, Auckland, NZ, pp. 261-275.
Palmer, F. 2005, 'Maori sport and its management' in Leberman, S., Collins C. & Trenberth, L. (eds), Sport Business Management in Aotearoa/New Zealand, Thomson Learning, Nelson, NZ, pp. 62-88.
Palmer, F. 2000, Maori Girls, Power, Physical Education, Sport and Play: Being Hungus, Hori, and Hoha. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.
Palmer, F. R., & Masters, T. M. 2010 forthcoming, 'Maori feminism and sport leadership: Exploring Maori women's experiences', Sport Management Review,
Phillips, J. 1996, A Man's country? The Image of the Pakeha Male A History (rev. ed), Penguin, Auckland, NZ.
Puao-te-ata-tu (Daybreak) 1988, The Report of the Ministerial Advisory Committee on a Maori Perspective for the Department of Social Welfare, Department of Social Welfare, Wellington, NZ.
Reid, N. 2009, February 20, 'NZRU: We won't mess with NZ Maori', Yahoo!Xtra Sport. Accessed April 10, 2010, from http://nz.sports.yahoo.com/news/article/-/5333167/nzru-mess-nz-Maori
Rewi, P. 1992, 'Ko te whai wahi o te iwi Maori ki nga hakinakina: Maori participation in physical activity', in Hillary Commission (ed), Ko Te Whakapopototanga O Nga Rangahautanga A Te Komihana Hakinakina: Summary of Findings, Hillary Commission, Wellington, NZ, p.46-105.
Smith, A. 1998, Maori & leisure: A survey. In H. C. Perkins & G. Cushman (Eds.), Time Out? Longman, Auckland, NZ.
Smith, E. 2004, 'The African American student-athlete', in Ross C. K. (ed), Race and Sport: The Struggle for Equality On and Off the Field University Press of Mississippi, Jackson MS, pp.121-145.
Smith, L.T. 2000, 'Kaupapa Maori research', in Battiste, M. (ed), Reclaiming Indigenous Voice and Vision, UBC Press, Vancouver, pp. 225-247.
Smith, L. T. 1999, Decolonizing Methodologies: Research and Indigenous Peoples. Zed Books and University of Otago Press, London and Dunedin.
Te Rito, P. 2006, 'Leadership in Maori, European cultures and in the world of sport', Mai Review, vol. 1, pp. 1-19.
Te Rito, P. R. 2007, 'Maori leadership: What role can rugby play?' Unpublished Master's thesis, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, New Zealand.
Thompson, S., Rewi, P. & Wrathall, D. 2000, 'Maori experience in sport and physical activity: Research and initiatives' in Collins C. (ed), Sport in New Zealand Society, Dunmore Press, Palmerston North, NZ, pp. 241-255.
Timing of rugby's apology to Maori questioned. 2010, May 14. Stuff.co.nz. Retrieved 28 June, 2010 from: http://www.stuff.co.nz/sport/rugby/news/3698057/Timing-of-rugbys-apology-to-Maori-questioned
TV3 news. 2009, February 19, TV3. Retrieved February 20, 2009, from: http://www.3news.co.nz/News/NZRU-faces-racial-barrier-in-sending-Maori-Rugby-Team-to-South-Africa/tabid/415/articleID/91931/cat/70/Default.aspx
Vidacs, B. 2003, 'The postcolonial and the level playing-field in the 1998 World Cup', in Bale, J & Cronin M. (eds), Sport and Postcolonialism, Berg, New York, pp.147-158.
Walker, R. 2004, Ka Whaiwhai Tonu Matou: Struggle Without End (rev. ed), Penguin, Auckland.
Walker, S., Eketone, A., & Gibbs, A. 2006, 'An exploration of kaupapa Maori research, its principles, processes and applications', International Journal of Social Research Methodology, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 331-344. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13645570600916049
Wall, T. 2007, October 21, 'The accidental terrorist Tame Iti's story. The Sunday Star Times. Retrieved 27 June 2010 from: http://www.stuff.co.nz/national/38820
Wensing, E. H. 2003, 'Print media constructions of New Zealand national identity at the 2002 Commonwealth Games'. Unpublished master's thesis, School of Education, University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand.
Wetherell, M. & Potter, J. 1992, Mapping the Language of Racism: Discourse and the Legitimation of Exploitation. Columbia University Press, New York.
Wihongi, H. 2002, November, 'The process of whakawhanaungatanga in kaupapa Maori research'. Paper presented at the Sixth biennial Australia New Zealand Third Sector Research conference, Auckland, New Zealand. Available from: http://www.anztsr.org.au/02conf/anztsrpapers/Wihongi, %20Helen.pdf
Metrics powered by PLOS ALM