Optimisation of Wearable Thermoelectric Generators

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Alexander P Condos
Leo Zimaras
Jacob Marlow
Mutiara Kurniawan


This meta-study explores some factors that can potentially affect the efficiency of a wearable thermoelectric generator. These include, but are not limited to; doping percentage, manufacturing technology, thermocouple length, area, use of heat spreaders, material, airflow and specific position on the human body. These specific designs and materials have been reviewed in this paper and specific variables have been proposed to ensure greater efficiency. In this meta- study, Bi0.5Sb1.5Te3 and Ag2Se are found to be the most effective materials, with PVD as the most effective manufacturing method. A broad temperature differential generates greater power output. Practically, a condition where there is a difference in temperature of more than 40K between the body and its environment in the application of wearable thermoelectric devices is unlikely. Despite this, a temperature difference below 40K, although small, is extremely feasible and would be able to enough power to keep intended wearable thermoelectric devices running at a constant.

Keywords: Thermoelectric; Seebeck Effect; Peltier; TEG; ZT; Wearable

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