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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines

This journal does not charge any type of article processing charge (APC) or any type of article submission charge. 

Please note the referencing conventions used by Literacy and Numeracy Studies and the requirement for non-discriminatory language. Note also that, while Literacy and Numeracy Studies is published in Australia, it has a diverse and international audience. Please clarify any terms that are likely to be unfamiliar to readers outside the country of origin of the paper, and to those outside the disciplinary fields of adult literacy and numeracy.

Please observe the following conventions:

  • do not use ‘ibid.’ (and the like) when repeating references
  • multiple references within parentheses should be divided by a comma, not a semicolon, and there should be no
  • use of ‘and’ within such multiple references
  • single quotation marks (‘ ... ’) should be used rather than double (“ ... ”) except for quotes within quotes and please use ‘smart quotes’
  • only direct quotes (ie. data) should be in italics
  • books, reports or other major works named in the article should be in italics
  • numbers from one to ten should be written as words unless in brackets, dot points, figure/table headings or endnotes.

References in the text
References in the text should give the author’s name and year of publication (with page numbers if necessary) in the following style: ‘Co-production can be defined as the “degree of overlap between two sets of participants – regular producers and consumers”. The resultant overlap represents a joint production of outcomes’ (Brudney and England 1983, cited in Wirth 1991:79).

If the quote is more than thirty words it should be indented in the following style:

Discourse contributes first of all to the construction of what are variously referred to as ‘social identities’ and ‘subject positions’. Secondly, discourse helps construct social relationships between people. And thirdly, discourse contributes to the construction of systems of knowledge and belief. (Fairclough 1992:64)

Footnotes should be avoided. If necessary (as in some forms of historical referencing), numbered end notes can be used to elaborate matters which may be difficult to present in the journal’s reference style. These should be kept to a minimum.

Tables, figures, diagrams and illustrations
Authors must supply camera-ready copy of complex tables, figures, diagrams, illustrations and photographs.

Reference lists

Multiple references for one author should be in order of publication.

Second and subsequent authors should be referenced surname, followed by initials.

Page numbers must be included for all journal articles and book and report chapters.

Only references cited in the text should be listed and these should be in full at the end of the manuscript as follows:

Australian Committee for Training Curriculum (ACTRAC) (1993) The National Framework of Adult English Language, Literacy and Numeracy Competence, ACTRAC Productions Ltd, Frankston, Victoria.

Freebody, P,  Gee, J, Luke, A and Street, B (1997) Literacy as Critical Social Practice: An introduction, The Falmer Press, Brighton.

Hammond, J and Wickert, R (1993) Pedagogical Relations Between Adult ESL and Adult Literacy: Directions for research, Open Letter, vol 3, no 2, pp 16-31.

Humphries, B (1997) From Critical Thought to Emancipatory Action: Contradictory research goals? Sociological Research Online, vol 2, no 1, retrieved 1 Feb 2004 from

Johnston, B (1993/unpublished paper) Report on UNESCO Adult Numeracy Seminar, Marly-le-Roi, France, March.

Kirkpatrick, A (1993) Chinese Composition Structure: Ancient or modern? in Conference Proceedings of the Ninth National Languages Conference, Northern Territory Department of Education, Darwin, pp 189-205.

Lee, A and Wickert, R (1995) Reading the Discourses of Adult Basic Education Teaching, in Foley, G, ed, Understanding Adult Education and Training, Allen and Unwin, Sydney, pp 134-146.

Willis, S, ed (1990) Being Numerate: What counts?, Australian Council for Educational Research, Hawthorn, Victoria.

Author’s bio-note

This note should be brief (two or three sentences at most) and include
(i) author’s institutional positions or affiliations and (ii) an email address for correspondence. A very brief note of author’s special interests may follow.

Any acknowledgments authors wish to make should be included in a separate headed section at the end of the manuscript. Please do not incorporate these into the bio-note.

Complaints Procedure

Authors who wish to submit a complaint related to the peer review process or other editorial decisions should contact the Journal Manager Keiko Yasukawa as a first point of contact. Issues which cannot be resolved satisfactorily by the Journal Manager may be escalated to the Editorial Advisory Board or to the Publisher, UTS ePress by contacting

For further information, please see the COPE Code of Conduct for Journal Editors and Publishers.

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Data Privacy Policy

The data collected from registered and non-registered users of this journal falls within the scope of the standard functioning of peer-reviewed journals. It includes information that makes communication possible for the editorial process; it is used to inform readers about the authorship and editing of content; it enables collecting aggregated data on readership behaviors, as well as tracking geopolitical and social elements of scholarly communication.

This journal’s editorial team uses this data to guide its work in publishing and improving this journal. Data that will assist in developing this publishing platform may be shared with its developer Public Knowledge Project in an anonymized and aggregated form, with appropriate exceptions such as article metrics. The data will not be sold by this journal or PKP nor will it be used for purposes other than those stated here. The authors published in this journal are responsible for the human subject data that figures in the research reported here.

Those involved in editing this journal seek to be compliant with industry standards for data privacy, including the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) provision for “data subject rights” that include (a) breach notification; (b) right of access; (c) the right to be forgotten; (d) data portability; and (e) privacy by design. The GDPR also allows for the recognition of “the public interest in the availability of the data,” which has a particular saliency for those involved in maintaining, with the greatest integrity possible, the public record of scholarly publishing.



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