Jungle Book: Authoritarian Conservation and its Alternatives

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Denis Byrne


Making Conservation Work: Securing Biodiversity in this New Century, edited by Ghazala Shahabuddin & Mahesh Rangarajan. Ranikhet (Uttaranchal): Permanent Black, (298 pages).

There is a crisis in Indian nature conservation. For years now community conservation has seemed to many of us to have been consolidating its position as the only ethical and workable model for conserving biodiversity in the developing world. The fortress conservation model whereby protected areas are garrisoned for total exclusion of local people and their extractive activities had been thoroughly critiqued and seemed to have been consigned to a place in history along with colonial game reserves. Yet we are now witnessing a swing back to exclusionary thinking on the part of many conservationists.

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Book Reviews


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Brockington, D. (2004) 'Community conservation, inequality and injustice: myths of power in Protected Area management', Conservation and Society 2(2), pp. 411-32.

Goodall, H. (2006) 'Exclusion and re-emplacement: tensions around Protected Areas in Australia and Southeast Asia. Conservation and Society 4(3): 383-95.

Peluso, N.L. (2003) 'Fruit trees and family trees in an anthropogenic forest: Forest zones, resource access, and environmental change in Indonesian', Charles Zerner (ed.), Culture and the Question of Rights, pp.184-218. Durham: Duke University Press. https://doi.org/10.1215/9780822383819-006

Tsing, A.L. (1993) In the Realm of the Diamond Queen. Princeton: Princeton University Press.