Mapping site-based construction workers’ motivation: Expectancy theory approach

Main Article Content

Parviz Ghoddousi
Nima Bahrami
Nicholas Chileshe
M.Reza Hosseini


The aim of this study is to apply a recently proposed model of motivation based on expectancy theory to site-based workers in the construction context and confirm the validity of this model for the construction industry. The study drew upon data from 194 site-based construction workers in Iran to test the proposed model of motivation. To this end, the structural equation modelling (SEM) approach based on the confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) technique was deployed. The study reveals that the proposed model of expectancy theory incorporating five indicators (i.e. intrinsic instrumentality, extrinsic instrumentality, intrinsic valence, extrinsic valence and expectancy) is able to map the process of construction workers’ motivation. Nonetheless, the findings posit that intrinsic indicators could be more effective than extrinsic ones. This proffers the necessity of construction managers placing further focus on intrinsic motivators to motivate workers. 

Article Details

How to Cite
Ghoddousi, P., Bahrami, N., Chileshe, N., & Hosseini, M. (2014). Mapping site-based construction workers’ motivation: Expectancy theory approach. Construction Economics and Building, 14(1), 60-77.
Articles (Peer reviewed)
Author Biographies

Parviz Ghoddousi, Iran University of Science and Technology

Associate Professor

Head of the School of Civil Engineering

Nicholas Chileshe, School of Natural and Built Environment, University of South Australia

Research Education Portfolio Leader and Senior Lecturer


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