Main Article Content
In recent years there has been an increasing interest in maturity models in management-related disciplines; which reflects a growing recognition that becoming more mature and having a model to guide the route to maturity can help organisations in managing major transformational change. Lean Construction (LC) is an increasingly important improvement approach that organisations seek to embed. This study explores how to apply the maturity models to LC. Hence the attitudes, opinions and experiences of key industry informants with high levels of knowledge of LC were investigated. To achieve this, a review of maturity models was conducted, and data for the analysis was collected through a sequential process involving three methods. First a group interview with seven key informants. Second a follow up discussion with the same individuals to investigate some of the issues raised in more depth. Third an online discussion held via LinkedIn in which members shared their views on some of the results. Overall, we found that there is a lack of common understanding as to what maturity means in LC, though there is general agreement that the concept of maturity is a suitable one to reflect the path of evolution for LC within organisations.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
a) Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share and adapt the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
b) Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
c) Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Open Access Citation Advantage Service). Where authors include such a work in an institutional repository or on their website (ie. a copy of a work which has been published in a UTS ePRESS journal, or a pre-print or post-print version of that work), we request that they include a statement that acknowledges the UTS ePRESS publication including the name of the journal, the volume number and a web-link to the journal item.
d) Authors should be aware that the Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) License permits readers to share (copy and redistribute the work in any medium or format) and adapt (remix, transform, and build upon the work) for any purpose, even commercially, provided they also give appropriate credit to the work, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. They may do these things in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests you or your publisher endorses their use.
Andersen, E.S. and Jessen, S.A. (2003) Project maturity in organisations. “International Journal of Project Management“, 21(6), 457-61.
Baiden, B.K., Price, A.D.F. and Dainty, A.R.J. (2006) The extent of team integration within construction projects. “International Journal of Project Management“, 24(1), 13-23.
Caffyn, S. (1999) Development of a continuous improvement self-assessment tool. “International Journal of Operations & Production Management“, 19(11), 1138-53.
CMMI Product Team (2010) “CMMI for Services, Version 1.3“CMU/SEI-2010-TR-034, Pittsburgh: Software Engineering Institute.
Cooke-Davies, T.J. (2004) Measurement of organizational maturity. In: D. P.Slevin, D I C, & J. K.Pinto (Ed.), “Innovations—Project management research 2004“ pp. 211 - 28. Newtown Square: Project Management Institute.
Cooke-Davies, T.J. and Arzymanow, A. (2003) The Maturity of Project Management in different Industries: An Investigation into Variations between Project Management Models. “International Journal of Project Management“, 21(6), 471-8.
Cooke-Davies, T.J., Schlichter, J. and Bredillet, C. (2001) Beyond the PMBOK guide. In: Project Management Institute (Ed.), “Annual Project Management Institute Seminar & Symposium“, 7-10th November, Nashvill, USA. Project Management Institute, Vol. 32th.
Crosby, P.B. (1979) “Quality is free : the art of making quality certain“. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Curtis, B., Hefley, W.E. and Miller, S.A. (2001) “People Capability Maturity Model (P-CMM)“, Pittsburgh:
Curtis, B., Hefley, B. and Miller, S. (2009) “People Capability Maturity Model (P-CMM) Version 2.0“, Hanscom: DTIC Document.
Green, S.D., Harty, C., Elmualim, A.A., Larsen, G.D. and Kao, C.C. (2008) On the discourse of construction competitiveness. “Building Research & Information“, 36(5), 426-35.
Hammer, M. (2007) The Process Audit. “Harvard Business Review“, 85, 11-123.
Harmon, P. (2004) Evaluating an organisation's business process maturity. “Business Process Trends“, 2(3), 1-11.
Highways Agency (2010) Highways Agency Lean Maturity Assessment Toolkit (HALMAT). In: Transport, D F, Ed., Birmingham, UK: Highways Agency Publications.
Hogan, R. and Roberts, B.W. (2004) A Socioanalytic Model of Maturity. “Journal of Career Assessment“, 12(2), 207-17.
Huat, T.P. and Low, S.P. (1994) The fuzzy industry maturity grid (FIMG) and its application to the Singapore construction industry. “Construction Management and Economics“, 12(2), 125-38.
Humphrey, W.S. (1989) “Managing the software process“. Addison-Wesley.
Ibbs, C.W. and Kwak, Y.H. (2000) Assessing Project Management Maturity. “Project Management Journal“, 31(1), 32-43.
Klimko, G. (Year) Knowledge management and maturity models: building common understanding. In: Remenyi, D (Ed.), “Proceedings of the 2nd European Conference on Knowledge Management (ECKM)“, Bled, Slovenia. Bled School of Management269-78.
Koskela, L. and Ballard, G. (2012) Is production outside management? “Building Research & Information“, 40(6), 724-37.
Kujala, J. and Artto, K. (2000) Criteria for Project Performance in Business Context. “International Project Management Journal“, 6(1), 46-53.
Kwak, Y.H. and Ibbs, C.W. (2000) The Berkeley project management process maturity model: measuring the value of project management. In: (Ed.), “Proceedings of the 2000 IEEE Engineering Management Society“. Vol. 1-5.
Kwak, Y.H. and Ibbs, C.W. (2002) Project management process maturity (PM) model. “Journal of Management in Engineering“, 18(1), 150-5.
Lockamy, A. and McCormack, K. (2004) The development of a supply chain management process maturity model using the concepts of business process orientation. “Supply Chain Management: An International Journal“, 9(4), 272-8.
Maier, A.M., Moultrie, J. and Clarkson, P.J. (2012) Assessing Organizational Capabilities: Reviewing and Guiding the Development of Maturity Grids. “Engineering Management, IEEE Transactions on“, 59(1), 138-59.
McGrath‐Champ, S. and Rosewarne, S. (2009) Organizational change in Australian building and construction: rethinking a unilinear ‘leaning’ discourse. “Construction Management and Economics“, 27(11), 1111-28.
Mossman, A. (2009) Why isnt't the UK Construction Industiry going Lean with Gusto? “Lean Construction Journal“, 5(1), 24-36.
NatCen Social Research (cited 2013) The Framework method for qualitative data analysis. [Available online from http://www.natcen.ac.uk/our-expertise/framework.]
Nesensohn, C., Demir, S.T. and Bryde, D.J. (2013) Developing the True North route map as a navigational compass in a construction project management organisation. “Lean Construction Journal“, 2013(1), 1-18.
OGC (2010) Portfolio, Programme and Project Management Maturity Model (P3M3®): Introduction and Guide to P3M3®. In: Office of Government Commerce (Ogc), Ed., Norwich, NR7 0HS.: Cabinet Office of Rosebery Court, 17.
Paulk, M., Bill, C., Chrissis, M.B. and Weber, C.V. (1993a) “Capability maturity model for software“0471028959, Pittsburgh: Software Engineering Institute.
Paulk, M.C., Curtis, B., Chrissis, M.B. and Weber, C.V. (1993b) Capability maturity model, version 1.1. “Software, IEEE“, 10(4), 18-27.
Pennypacker, J.S. (2005) “Project portfolio management maturity model“. Pennsylvania, USA: Center for Business Practices.
Perkins, L.N., Abdimomunova, L., Valerdi, R., Shields, T. and Nightingale, D. (2010) Insights from enterprise assessment: How to analyze LESAT results for enterprise transformation. “Information Knowledge Systems Management“, 9(3/4), 153-74.
Phungula, M.G.P.G. (2008) “Review and Analysis of Organisational Project Management Maturity Of The South African Government Departments involved in Public Private Partnership (PPP) Projects“, University of South Africa.
PMI, P.M.I. (2003) “Organizational Project Management Maturity Model OPM3 Knowledge Foundation“. Vol. second edition, Pennsylvania, USA: Project Management Institute, Inc.
Richardson, G.L. (2010) “Project management theory and practice“. Auerbach Publications.
Ritchie, J. and Spencer, L. (2002) Qualitative data analysis for applied policy research. In: Bryman, A and Burgess, R G (Ed.), “Analzing qualitative data“ pp. 173-94. London: Routledge.
Ritchie, J., Spencer, L. and O'Connor, W. (2003) Carrying out Qualitative Analysis. In: Ritchie, J and Lewis, J (Ed.), “Qualitative research practice: A guide for social science students and researchers“ pp. 219-62. Thousand Oaks, CA ; London: Sage.
Rother, M. (2010) “TOYOTA KATA: Management People for Improvement, Adaptiveness, and Superior Results“. New York: Mc Graw Hill.
Sage, D., Dainty, A. and Brookes, N. (2012) A ‘Strategy-as-Practice’ exploration of lean construction strategizing. “Building Research & Information“, 40(2), 221-30.
Sams, J. (1999) “Dancing the Dream: The seven Sacred Paths of Human Transformation“. Vol. 1, San Francisco: HarperCollins.
Sarhan, S. and Fox, A. (2013) Performance measurement in the UK construction industry and its role in supporting the application of lean construction concepts. “Australasian Journal of Construction Economics and Building“(1), 23.
Sarshar, M., Haigh, R., Finnemore, M., Aouad, G., Barrett, P., Baldry, D. and Sexton, M. (1999) Spice: Is a Capability Maturity Model Applicable in the Construction Industry. In: Lacasse, M A and Vanier, D J (Ed.), “International Conference on Durability of Building Materials and Components“, 30th May, Vancouver, Canada. National research council canada, Vol. 8th, 2836-43.
Sarshar, M., Haigh, R., Finnemore, M., Aouad, G., Barrett, P., Baldry, D. and Sexton, M. (2000) SPICE: A Business Process Diagnostics Tool For Construction Projects. “Engineering Construction and Architectural Management“, 7(3), 241-50.
Siriwardena, M.L., Kagioglou, M., Jeong, K.S., Haigh, R. and Amaratunga, D. (2005) SPICE 3: Facilitating organisational process improvement through good practice sharing. In: (Ed.), “Salford Centre for Research and Innovation (SCRI) 2nd International Symposium“, April, University of Salford, Greater Manchester. University of Salford Manchester,
Skulmoski, G. (2001) Project Maturity and Competence Interface. “Cost Engineering“, 43(6), 11.
Tapia, R.S., Daneva, M., van Eck, P. and Wieringa, R. (Year) Towards a business-IT aligned maturity model for collaborative networked organizations. In, “Enterprise Distributed Object Computing Conference Workshops, 2008 12th“, 16-16 Sept. 2008, 276-87.
Van Looy, A., De Backer, M. and Poels, G. (2011) Defining business process maturity. A journey towards excellence. “Total Quality Management & Business Excellence“, 22(11), 1119-37.
Vidal, R.V.V. (2006) Chuck Frey, Power Tips and Strategies for Mind Mapping Software, Learn How to Think Better, Improve Your Productivity and Communicate with Greater Impact! “European Journal of Operational Research“, 174(2), 1348-9.
Wang, J., Xiao, J., Li, Q. and Li, K. (2011) Knowledge Management Maturity Models: A Systemic Comparison. In: (Ed.), “2011 International Conference on Information Management, Innovation Management and Industrial Engineering (ICIII), “, 26-27 Nov. 2011, Shenzhen, China. Vol. 3, 606-9.
Wendler, R. (2012) The maturity of maturity model research: A systematic mapping study. “Information and software technology“, 54(12), 1317-39.
Whittock, M. (2002) Women's experiences of non-traditional employment: is gender equality in this area a possibility? “Construction Management and Economics“, 20(5), 449-56.
Zimina, D., Ballard, G. and Pasquire, C. (2012) Target value design: using collaboration and a lean approach to reduce construction cost. “Construction Management and Economics“, 30(5), 383-98.