A Principal Component Analysis of Project Management Construction Industry Competencies for the Ghanaian
The study adopts a data reduction technique to examine the presence of any complex structure among a set of project management competency variables. A structured survey questionnaire was administered to 100 project managers to elicit relevant data, and this achieved a relatively high response rate of 54%. After satisfying all the necessary tests of reliability of the survey instrument, sample size adequacy and population matrix, the data was subjected to principal component analysis, resulting in the identification of six new thematic project management competency areas ; and were explained in terms of human resource management and project control; construction innovation and communication; project financial resources management; project risk and quality management; business ethics and; physical resources and procurement management. These knowledge areas now form the basis for lateral project management training requirements in the context of the Ghanaian construction industry. Key contribution of the paper is manifested in the use of the principal component analysis, which has rigorously provided understanding into the complex structure and the relationship between the various knowledge areas. The originality and value of the paper is embedded in the use of contextual-task conceptual knowledge to expound the six uncorrelated empirical utility of the project management competencies.
Ahadzie, D.K., Proverbs, D.G., Olomolaiye, P. and Ankrah, N. (2009) Towards developing competency-based measures for project managers in mass house building projects in developing countries, Construction Management and Economics, 27 (1), 89-102"
Ahadzie, D.K., Proverbs, D.G. and Olomolaiye, P. (2008a) Model for predicting the performance of project managers in mass house building projects, Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, American Society of Civil Engineers, 134 (8), 618 â 629"
Ahadzie, D.K., Proverbs, D.G. and Olomolaiye, P. (2008b) Towards developing competency-based measures for construction project managers: should contextual performance behaviours be distinguished from task performance behaviours?, International Journal of Project Management, 26 (1), 631 â 645"
Ahadzie, D.K. (2007) A model for predicting the performance of project managers In mass house building projects in Ghana, PhD thesis, University of Wolverhampton, UK: 2007
Ahadzie, D.K., Proverbs, D.G. and Olomolaiye, P.O. (2007) Critical success criteria for mass housing building projects in Developing Countries, International Journal of Project Management, 25 (2), 1-13"
Alter, K. and Koontz, J. (1996) Curriculum development and continuing education in project management for the specialty subcontracting industry, Journal of Construction Education, 1 (2), 66 - 78"
Atkinson, R., Crawford, L., and Ward, S. (2006) Fundamental uncertainties in projects and the scope of project management, International Journal of Project Management 24, 687â698"
Badu, E., Owusu-Manu, D. and Adinyira, E. (2009), accepted, forthcoming Logical dimensions of procurement management curriculum (PMC) for project delivery in Ghana, International Journal of Managing Projects in Business, RMIT University, Australia, Emerald Group Publishing, Paper Number: IJMPiB 09032"
Borman, W.C. and Motowidlo. S.J. (1993) Expanding the criteria domain to include the elements of contextual performance, In: Schmitt, Borman, (eds). Personnel selection in organisations, San-Francisco: 1 (1), 71â98"
Carroll, A. B. and Meeks, M. D. (1999) Models of management morality: European applications and implications, Business Ethics: A European Review, 8 (2), 108â116"
Caupin, C., Knopfel, H., Koch, G., Pannenbacker, K., Perez-Polo, F., and Seabury,
C. (2006) International Project Management Association (IPMA) Competence Baseline Version 3.0, IPMA Nijkirk"
Chen, P. and Partington, D. (2006) Three conceptual levels of construction project management work, International Journal Project Management, 24 (1), 412â421"
Chen, P., Partington, D., and Wang, J.N. (2008) Conceptual determinants of construction project management competence: A Chinese perspective, International Journal of Project Management, 26 (1), 655â664"
Cheng, M.I., Dainty, A.R.J., and Moore, D.R. (2005) What makes a good project manager?, Human Resource Management Journal, 15 (1), 25â 37"
Cheng, M.I., Dainty A.R.J. and Moore, D.R. (2003), The differing faces of managerial competency in Britain and America, Journal of Management Development, 22 (6), 527-537"
Child, D. (1990) The Essentials of Factor Analysis, 2nd ed, Cassel Educational Ltd, London.
Chinowsky, P.S. (1998) Strategic management in construction education, Journal of Construction Education, 3 (1), 21-30"
Conway, J. (1999) Distinguishing contextual performance from task performance for managerial jobs, Journal of Applied Psychology, 84 (1), 3â13"
Conway, J.M. (1996) Additional construct validity evidence for taskâcontextual performance distinction, Human Performance, 9 (1), 309â329"
Crawford, L. (2005) Senior management perceptions of project management competence, International Journal of Project Management, 23 (1), 7-16"
Crawford, L., Pollack, J. and England, D. (2006) Uncovering the trend in project management: Journal emphases over the last 10 year, International Journal of Project Management, 24 (1), 175-184"
Dainty A.R.J Cheng, Mei-I and Moore, D. R. (2005) Competency- based model for predicting construction project managers performance", Journal of Engineering in Management, ASCE, 21 (1), 2-9"
Dainty, A.R.J., Cheng, M.I. and Moore. D.R. (2004) A competency-based performance model for construction project managers, Construction Management and Economics 22 (1), 877â886"
Dainty, A.R.N, Cheng Mei-I and Moore, D.R. (2003) Redefining performance measures for construction project managers: an empirical evaluation, Construction management and Economics, 21 (1), 209 â218"
Dogbegah, K.R. (2009) Project management competency requirements: The case of project managers on large construction projects in Ghana, A Masters Dissertation submitted to the Business School of De Montfort University, (DMU) Leicester, United Kingdom in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Masters in Business Administration, UK: 2009"
Edum-Fotwe, F. and McCaffer, R. (2000), Developing project management competency: perspectives from the construction industry, International Journal of Project Management, 18 (1), 111â24
Egger, H.S, Varzavand, S. Lyle, S.P. and Rod, D.O. (1996) Infusing actual management experiences into construction education, Journal of Construction Education, 1 (1), 45-49"
Field, A. (2005a) Discovering Statistics Using SPSS for Windows, London, Sage Publications
Field, A. (2005b) Factor Analysis Using SPSS: Theory and Application, http://www.sussex.ac.uk/users/andyf/factor.pdf"
Fraser, C, and Zakrader-Fraser, A. (2003) Investigating the effectiveness of managers through an analysis of stakeholder perceptions, Journal of Manage Development, 22 (9), 762â83
Fraser, C (2000) The influence of personal characteristics o effectiveness of construction site managers, Construction Management and Economics, 18 (1), 29-36"
Freeman, R. E. (1999) Divergent stakeholder theory, Academy of Management Review, 24 (2), 233â236"
Gellatly, I.R. and Irving, R.G. (2001) Personality, autonomy and contextual performance of managers, Human Performance, 3 (31), 231â45"
Gorsuch, R. L. (1983) Factor Analysis, Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum
Goodman, R. and Chinowsky, P. (1997) Construction education: Are executives being served?, ASCE Journal of Management in Engineering, 13 (4), 55-61"
Goodwin, R.S.C. (1993) Skills Required of Effective Project Managers, Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, ASCE, 9 (3), 217-226"
Grosskopf, K.R. (2005) Teaching methods improvement using industry focus groups: A Case study in construction financing, construction education programme, Journal of Construction Education, 1 (3), 1-25"
Hauck, A. (1998) Construction management curriculum reform and integration with a broader discipline: A Case study, Journal of Construction Education, 3 (2), 118-130"
Helgadottir, H. (2008) The ethical dimension of project management, International Journal of Project Management, 26 (1) 743â748"
Holmes, L., Joyce, P. (1993) Rescuing the useful concept of managerial competence: from outcomes back to process, Personnel Review, 22 (6), 37â52"
Isik, Z., Arditi, D., Dikmen, I., M. Talat Birgonul, M. (2009) Impact of corporate strengths/weaknesses on project management competencies, International Journal of Project Management, 27 (1), 629â637"
Kamara, J.M., Augenbroe, G., Anumba, C.J., and Carrillo, P.M. (2002) Knowledge management in the architecture, engineering and construction industry, Construction Innovation, 2 (1), 53â67"
Kerzner, H. (2003) Project Management: A Systems Approach to Planning, Scheduling and Controlling, 8th ed, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., Canada
Ling, Y.Y. (2003) A conceptual model for the selection of architects by project managers in Singapore, International Journal of Project Management, 21 (2), 135-144"
Low, S.P., and Ben, L.S.K. (1999) Developing construction project management skills: lessons from Zhuge Liangs Art of Management", Career Development International, 4 (1), 34-39"
Maylor, H. (2005) Project Management, 3rd ed, Prentice Hall, Harlow
Norusis, M. (1988) The SPSS guide to data analysis for SPSS-X, Chicago, SPSS Inc
Owusu-Manu, D. (2008) Equipment Investment Finance Strategy for Large Construction Firms in Ghana, PhD Dissertation submitted to the Department of Building Technology, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi-Ghana: 2008
Owusu, M.D. and Badu, E. (2009) Determinants of contractors investment finance strategy in Ghana: Conceptual and empirical explanations", Journal of Financial Management of Property and Construction, 14 (1), 21-33"
Owusu-Manu, D., Badu, E., and Adinyira, E. (2009) Rethinking project management curriculum reforms and integration with a broader discipline at the undergraduate level, International Construction Project Management, Forthcoming paper number MS09-02-A22"
PMBOK Guide (2004) Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge, Philadelphia: Project Management Institute
PMBOK Guide (2000) Quality Management, Guide to the project management body of knowledge (PMBOK Guide), Chapter 8"
Ringen, K., Seegal, J., Englund, A. (1995) Safety and health in the construction Industry, Annual Review of Public Health, 16 (1), 165â88"
Turner, J.R. (2006) Towards a theory of project management: the nature of the project, International Journal of Project Management, 24, (1), 1-3"
Van Scotter, J.R., and Motowidlo, S.J. (1996) Interpersonal facilitation and job deduction as separate facets of contextual and task performance, Journal of Applied Psychology, 81(5), 525â31"
Veres III, J.G., Locklear, T.S., Sims, R.R. (1990) Job analysis in practice: a brief review of the role of job analysis in human resources management, In: Ferris GR, Rowland KM, Buckley RM, (eds), Human resource management: perspectives and issues, Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 79â103"
Walker, D.H.T, Segon, M., and Rowlinson, S. (2007) Business ethics and corporate citizenship, Derwal Publishers, Australia, 101-138"
Share this article:
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.