Haematological, inflammatory, and immunological responses in elite judo athletes maintaining high training loads during Ramadan

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dc.contributor.author Chaouachi, Anis en_US
dc.contributor.author Coutts, Aaron en_US
dc.contributor.author Wong, Del en_US
dc.contributor.author Rocky, R en_US
dc.contributor.author Mbazaa, A en_US
dc.contributor.author Amri, Mohamed en_US
dc.contributor.author Chamari, Karim en_US
dc.contributor.editor en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2010-05-28T09:44:46Z
dc.date.available 2010-05-28T09:44:46Z
dc.date.issued 2009 en_US
dc.identifier 2008008431 en_US
dc.identifier.citation Chaouachi Anis et al. 2009, 'Haematological, inflammatory, and immunological responses in elite judo athletes maintaining high training loads during Ramadan', NRC Research Press, vol. 34, no. 5, pp. 907-915. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1715-5320 en_US
dc.identifier.other C1 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10453/8675
dc.description.abstract During Ramadan, Muslims abstain from food and fluid intake from dawn to sunset for 1 month. These behavioural changes that accompany Ramadan may impact upon Muslim athletes who continue to train intensely. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of Ramadan intermittent fasting (RIF) on the haematological, inflammatory, and immunological measures in elite judo athletes maintaining their usual high training loads. Haematological markers of inflammation, hormones, and immune status were studied in 15 elite male judo athletes before, during, and after Ramadan. The RIF produced small but significant changes in inflammatory, hormonal, and immunological profiles in judo athletes. Serum C-reactive protein increased from 2.93 ? 0.26 mg?L<sup>-1</sup> pre-Ramadan to 4.60 ? 0.51 mg?L<sup>-1</sup> at the end of Ramadan. Haptoglobin and antitrypsin also significantly increased at different phases during Ramadan, whereas homocysteine and prealbumin remained relatively unchanged. Albumin decreased slightly by mid-Ramadan, then recovered. Immunoglobulin Aincreased from 1.87 ? 0.56 g?L<sup>-1</sup> before Ramadan to 2.49 ? 0.75 g?L<sup>-1</sup> at the end, and remained high 3 weeks after. There were no changes in the leucocyte cell counts throughout the study. The mean blood level of thyroid-stimulating hormone and free thyroxine increased significantly during RIF. Most of these changes were within the normal ranges. These results suggest that athletes who continue to train intensely during Ramadan are liable to experience a myriad of small fluctuations in hormones, immunoglobulins, antioxidants, and inflammatory responses. en_US
dc.language en_US
dc.publisher NRC Research Press en_US
dc.title Haematological, inflammatory, and immunological responses in elite judo athletes maintaining high training loads during Ramadan en_US
dc.parent Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism en_US
dc.journal.volume 34 en_US
dc.journal.number 5 en_US
dc.publocation Canada en_US
dc.identifier.startpage 907 en_US
dc.identifier.endpage 915 en_US
dc.cauo.name BUS.School of Leisure, Sport and Tourism en_US
dc.conference Verified OK en_US
dc.for 110600 en_US
dc.personcode 0000053841 en_US
dc.personcode 020100 en_US
dc.personcode 0000053842 en_US
dc.personcode 0000053843 en_US
dc.personcode 0000053844 en_US
dc.personcode 0000053845 en_US
dc.personcode 0000053846 en_US
dc.percentage 100 en_US
dc.classification.name Human Movement and Sports Science en_US
dc.classification.type FOR-08 en_US
dc.edition en_US
dc.custom en_US
dc.date.activity en_US
dc.location.activity en_US
dc.description.keywords elite athletes, intensive training, intermittent fasting, nutrition, alimentation en_US

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