Prototype Cities in the Sea

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dc.contributor.author Kaji-O'Grady Sandra en_US
dc.contributor.author Raisbeck P en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2009-08-20T13:01:12Z
dc.date.available 2009-08-20T13:01:12Z
dc.date.issued 2005 en_US
dc.identifier 2005002075 en_US
dc.identifier.citation Kaji-O'Grady Sandra and Raisbeck P 2005, 'Prototype Cities in the Sea', Routledge, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 443-461. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1360-2365 en_US
dc.identifier.other C1 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10453/839
dc.description.abstract This paper reviews the ambitions and importance of design proposals for inhabiting the sea from the 1960s and 1970s. Critics in subsequent decades dismissed projects for the sea as irrelevant utopias and technological fantasies. While the unique marine environment and the new city were sometimes taken up as opportunities for social and formal experiment, there are many technically resolved projects considered by architects and developers alike as viable alternatives to terrestrial cities. This paper argues that architects adopted technologies from the exploration, fishing, military and mining industries towards solving what were widely perceived as threats to human existence. Neither in ambition nor detail were these projects futuristic fantasies. They were, rather, prototypes, a model this paper uses to examine a wide variety of projects, raising questions about the validity of their testing and the reasons for their failure to flourish. Using current proposals for new cities in the sea, shifts in attitude towards community and technology are traced. en_US
dc.publisher Routledge en_US
dc.relation.isbasedon http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13602360500285641 en_US
dc.title Prototype Cities in the Sea en_US
dc.parent The Journal of Architecture en_US
dc.journal.volume 10 en_US
dc.journal.number 4 en_US
dc.publocation Abingdon, Oxfordshire, UK en_US
dc.identifier.startpage 443 en_US
dc.identifier.endpage 461 en_US
dc.cauo.name School of Architecture en_US


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