Perceptions of Terrorism Threats at the 2004 Olympic Games: Implications for Sport Events

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Show simple item record Taylor, Tracy en_US Toohey, Kristine en_US 2009-12-21T02:37:42Z 2009-12-21T02:37:42Z 2007 en_US
dc.identifier 2006013665 en_US
dc.identifier.citation Taylor Tracy and Toohey Kristine 2007, 'Perceptions of Terrorism Threats at the 2004 Olympic Games: Implications for Sport Events', Routledge, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 99-114. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1477-5085 en_US
dc.identifier.other C1 en_US
dc.description.abstract A legacy of September 11, 2001, and subsequent terrorist attacks such as the Bali, (2002), Madrid (2004) and London (2005) bombings, is evidenced in the increased security measures put in place at major sport events. Heightened attention to safety management and public concern about terrorism threats and perception of risk has now become a fundamental component of the planning and risk management strategies for sport events. On the basis of appraisal-tendency theory (Lerner & Keltner, 2001), we investigated effects of anger and fear on risk judgments of 277 attendees at the 2004 Athens Olympics. Attendees who reported being fearful or feeling unsafe at the Games displayed increased risk estimates and associated concerns, whilst respondents expressing defiance and anger produced opposite reactions. Male respondents had less pessimistic risk perceptions than did females, and men were more likely than women to report that the increased security measures detracted from their Olympic Games experience. Nationality had minimal effect on perceptions of risk except in the case of the host country, with Greek respondents reporting fewer concerns for safety but greater awareness of the security measures present at the Games. The discussion focuses on theoretical, methodological and practical implications. en_US
dc.publisher Routledge en_US
dc.relation.hasversion Accepted manuscript version
dc.rights This is an electronic version of an article published in Journal of Sport & Tourism Volume 12, Issue 2, 2007. Journal of Sport & Tourism is available online at: with the open URL of
dc.title Perceptions of Terrorism Threats at the 2004 Olympic Games: Implications for Sport Events en_US
dc.parent Journal of Sport Tourism en_US
dc.journal.volume 12 en_US
dc.journal.number 2 en_US
dc.publocation Ottawa, Canada en_US
dc.identifier.startpage 99 en_US
dc.identifier.endpage 114 en_US BUS.School of Leisure, Sport and Tourism en_US
dc.conference Verified OK en_US
dc.for 150400 en_US
dc.personcode 849054 en_US
dc.personcode 910045 en_US
dc.percentage 50 en_US Commercial Services en_US
dc.classification.type FOR-08 en_US
dc.description.keywords Terrorism, Risk, Sport Events en_US
dc.staffid 910045 en_US

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