The analysis of tires and tire traces using FTIR Py-GC/MS

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dc.contributor.author Sarkissian, Garry en_US
dc.contributor.author Du Pasquier, Eric en_US
dc.contributor.author Depriester, Jean-Pierre en_US
dc.contributor.author Rousselot, P en_US
dc.contributor.author Keegan, Jim en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2009-06-26T04:10:49Z
dc.date.available 2009-06-26T04:10:49Z
dc.date.issued 2004 en_US
dc.identifier 2004001875 en_US
dc.identifier.citation Sarkissian Garry et al. 2004, 'The analysis of tires and tire traces using FTIR Py-GC/MS', Canadian Society of Forensic Science, vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 19-37. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0008-5030 en_US
dc.identifier.other C1 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10453/530
dc.description.abstract Vehicles are commonly used in the commission of crimes, and quite often it is the only link between the crime and the criminal. One way this link is formed is through the tires of the vehicle, be it through tread marks left at the scene or markings of rubber on the road. Currently rubber traces are rarely used or collected for analysis. This study examined three analytical techniques to determine their effectiveness at identifying tire rubber samples. A total of 59 tire samples were collected from cars involved in accidents, with 58 of the samples being from summer tires and only 1 sample being from winter tires. The samples were collected in France and included numerous brands, models, sizes, production dates, and countries of manufacture. All 59 samples were analyzed with Pyrolysis-Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry (Py-GC/MS), while only 27 samples were analyzed through Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) using both Attenuated Total Reflectance (ATR) and Diffuse Reflectance Infrared Fourier Transform Spectroscopy (DRIFTS). The investigation revealed that FTIR, using ATR and DRIFTS for this sample, showed less ability to differentiate samples, and is not recommended for this use due to poor discrimination and poor reproducibility. Py-GC/MS showed promise in this analysis in both reproducibility and discrimination. The results revealed that a large number of samples could be discriminated based on the composition of the tire. The use of linear discriminant analysis (LDA) in tandem with the Py-GC/MS further improved the discrimination of samples, with 98.3 percent of the samples able to be discriminated to a batch level, and 94.9 percent of samples discriminated to a brand level. These findings show that Py-GC/MS used with both principal component analysis (PCA) and LDA provides the analyst with a powerful analytical tool in identifying and classifying trace rubber residues, to the level of which particular production batch a tire came from en_US
dc.publisher Canadian Society of Forensic Science en_US
dc.relation.isbasedon NA en_US
dc.title The analysis of tires and tire traces using FTIR Py-GC/MS en_US
dc.parent Canadian Society of Forensic Science Journal en_US
dc.journal.volume 37 en_US
dc.journal.number 1 en_US
dc.publocation Canada en_US
dc.identifier.startpage 19 en_US
dc.identifier.endpage 37 en_US
dc.cauo.name SCI.Faculty of Science en_US
dc.conference Verified OK en_US
dc.for 039900 en_US
dc.personcode 97061459 en_US
dc.personcode 701940 en_US
dc.personcode 0000016852 en_US
dc.personcode 0000022873 en_US
dc.personcode 0000022874 en_US
dc.percentage 100 en_US
dc.classification.name Other Chemical Sciences en_US
dc.classification.type FOR-08 en_US
dc.description.keywords Forensic sciences en_US


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