Preventing Injuries on Horizontal Ladders and Track Rides

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Show simple item record Nixon, James en_US Acton, Caroline en_US Wallis, Belinda en_US Battistutta, Diana en_US Perry, Clare en_US Eager, David en_US 2009-12-21T02:33:37Z 2009-12-21T02:33:37Z 2004 en_US
dc.identifier 2004001588 en_US
dc.identifier.citation Nixon James et al. 2004, 'Preventing Injuries on Horizontal Ladders and Track Rides', Taylor and Francis Ltd, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 219-224. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1745-7300 en_US
dc.identifier.other C1 en_US
dc.description.abstract This study examined the type of injury, fall heights and measures of impact attenuation of surfaces on which children fell from horizontal ladders and track rides. METHOD: All injured children who presented to two children's hospitals and received medical attention following a fall from a horizontal ladder or track ride in a public school or park during 1996--1997 were interviewed and the playground visited. RESULTS: The number of children who fell from horizontal ladders and track rides and presented to hospitals with injury was 118. Of those children, 105 were injured when they hit the ground and data were available on 102 of those playground undersurfaces. Fractures to the arm or wrist were the most common injury. The median height fallen by children was 1930 mm, 73% of injuries were from falls greater than 1800mm. In 41% of sites, the surface was deficient in impact absorbing properties for the height of the equipment. Fractures were no more likely on loose surfaces than other surfaces, such as rubber matting (p = 0.556) but more prevalent on compliant than non-compliant surfaces. Relative to falls occurring on noncompliant surfaces, the odds of a fracture occurring on a compliant surface was 2.67 (95% CI 0.88-8.14). CONCLUSIONS: Modification of the height of horizontal ladders and track rides to 1800mm is preferable to removal of such equipment. The prevalence of fractures on compliant surfaces suggests that the threshold of 200g or 1000 head injury criteria (HIC) needs to be revisited, or additional test criteria added to take account of change in momentum that is not presently accounted for with either g-max on HIC calculations. en_US
dc.publisher Taylor and Francis Ltd en_US
dc.relation.isbasedon en_US
dc.title Preventing Injuries on Horizontal Ladders and Track Rides en_US
dc.parent Injury Control and Safety Promotion Journal en_US
dc.journal.volume 11 en_US
dc.journal.number 4 en_US
dc.publocation UK en_US
dc.identifier.startpage 219 en_US
dc.identifier.endpage 224 en_US FEIT.School of Elec, Mech and Mechatronic Systems en_US
dc.conference Verified OK en_US
dc.for 111700 en_US
dc.personcode 0000022801 en_US
dc.personcode 0000022802 en_US
dc.personcode 0000022803 en_US
dc.personcode 0000022804 en_US
dc.personcode 0000022805 en_US
dc.personcode 950815 en_US
dc.percentage 50 en_US Public Health and Health Services en_US
dc.classification.type FOR-08 en_US
dc.staffid 950815 en_US

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