Urban breakwaters as reef fish habitat in the Persian Gulf

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dc.contributor.author Burt, John en_US
dc.contributor.author Feary, David en_US
dc.contributor.author Cavalcante, Georgenes en_US
dc.contributor.author Bauman, Andrew en_US
dc.contributor.author Usseglio, Paolo en_US
dc.contributor.editor en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2014-04-03T02:41:26Z
dc.date.available 2014-04-03T02:41:26Z
dc.date.issued 2013 en_US
dc.identifier 2011008280 en_US
dc.identifier.citation Burt, John et al. 2013, 'Urban breakwaters as reef fish habitat in the Persian Gulf', Marine Pollution Bulletin, vol. 72, no. 2, pp. 342-350. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0025-326X en_US
dc.identifier.other C1 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10453/23912
dc.description.abstract Breakwaters and related structures dominate near-shore environments in many Persian Gulf countries, but little is known of their ecology. To examine the influence of wave exposure on fish communities we surveyed exposed and sheltered breakwaters seasonally over 2 years and compared these with natural reef assemblages. Species richness and adult, juvenile, and total abundance were generally comparable among the three habitat types each season. However, differences in multivariate community structure indicated that each habitat contained a distinct assemblage, with strongest difference between sheltered breakwaters and the exposed natural reef. All communities were characterized by marked seasonality; abundance and richness were generally higher in the warmer seasons (summer, fall) than during cooler periods (winter, spring), and there were related seasonal changes in community structure, particularly on the natural reef. Results indicate that breakwaters are important fish habitats, but that breakwater communities vary with wave exposure and are distinct from natural reefs. en_US
dc.language en_US
dc.publisher Pergamon en_US
dc.relation.isbasedon http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2012.10.019 en_US
dc.title Urban breakwaters as reef fish habitat in the Persian Gulf en_US
dc.parent Marine Pollution Bulletin en_US
dc.journal.volume 72 en_US
dc.journal.number 2 en_US
dc.publocation Oxford, UK en_US
dc.identifier.startpage 342 en_US
dc.identifier.endpage 350 en_US
dc.cauo.name SCI.School of the Environment en_US
dc.conference Verified OK en_US
dc.for 060200 en_US
dc.personcode 0000066340 en_US
dc.personcode 111649 en_US
dc.personcode 0000085598 en_US
dc.personcode 0000066341 en_US
dc.personcode 0000066347 en_US
dc.percentage 100 en_US
dc.classification.name Ecology en_US
dc.classification.type FOR-08 en_US
dc.edition en_US
dc.custom en_US
dc.date.activity en_US
dc.location.activity en_US
dc.description.keywords Wave exposure; Artificial reef; Breakwater; Coastal defense; Reef fish; Arabian Gulf en_US

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