A Market Systems Analysis of the US Sport Utility Vehicle Market Considering Frontal Crash Safety Technology and Policy

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dc.contributor.author Hoffenson, S en_US
dc.contributor.author Frischknecht, Bart en_US
dc.contributor.author Papalambros, P en_US
dc.contributor.editor en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2014-04-03T01:53:28Z
dc.date.available 2014-04-03T01:53:28Z
dc.date.issued 2013 en_US
dc.identifier 2011005758 en_US
dc.identifier.citation Hoffenson, S, Papalambros, P, and Frischknecht, Bart 2013, 'A Market Systems Analysis of the US Sport Utility Vehicle Market Considering Frontal Crash Safety Technology and Policy', Accident Analysis and Prevention, vol. 50, pp. 943-954. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0001-4575 en_US
dc.identifier.other C1 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10453/23437
dc.description.abstract Active safety features and adjustments to the New Car Assessment Program (NCAP) consumer-information crash tests have the potential to decrease the number of serious traffic injuries each year, according to previous studies. However, literature suggests that risk reductions, particularly in the automotive market, are often accompanied by adjusted consumer risk tolerance, and so these potential safety benefits may not be fully realized due to changes in consumer purchasing or driving behavior. This article approaches safety in the new vehicle market, particularly in the Sport Utility Vehicle and Crossover Utility Vehicle segments, from a market systems perspective. Crash statistics and simulations are used to predict the effects of design and policy changes on occupant crash safety, and discrete choice experiments are conducted to estimate the values consumers place on vehicle attributes. These models are combined in a market simulation that forecasts how consumers respond to the available vehicle alternatives, resulting in predictions of the market share of each vehicle and how the change in fleet mixture influences societal outcomes including injuries, fuel consumption, and firm profits. The model is tested for a scenario where active safety features are implemented across the new vehicle fleet and a scenario where the U.S. frontal NCAP test speed is modified. While results exhibit evidence of consumer risk adjustment, they support adding active safety features and lowering the NCAP frontal test speed, as these changes are predicted to improve the welfare of both firms and society. en_US
dc.language en_US
dc.publisher Elsevier Ltd en_US
dc.relation.isbasedon http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2012.07.021 en_US
dc.title A Market Systems Analysis of the US Sport Utility Vehicle Market Considering Frontal Crash Safety Technology and Policy en_US
dc.parent Accident Analysis and Prevention en_US
dc.journal.volume 50 en_US
dc.journal.number en_US
dc.publocation United Kingdom en_US
dc.identifier.startpage 943 en_US
dc.identifier.endpage 954 en_US
dc.cauo.name BUS.Centre for the Study of Choice en_US
dc.conference Verified OK en_US
dc.for 111700 en_US
dc.personcode 0000082120 en_US
dc.personcode 108926 en_US
dc.personcode 0000082121 en_US
dc.percentage 34 en_US
dc.classification.name Public Health and Health Services en_US
dc.classification.type FOR-08 en_US
dc.edition en_US
dc.custom en_US
dc.date.activity en_US
dc.location.activity en_US
dc.description.keywords Automotive vehicle design Crashworthiness Market systems Vehicle safety policy en_US

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