Hegemony, anti-hegemony and counter-hegemony : control, resistance and coups in Fiji

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dc.contributor.author Ramesh, Sanjay Kumar
dc.date.accessioned 2009-05-29T03:52:14Z
dc.date.accessioned 2012-12-15T03:53:01Z
dc.date.available 2009-05-29T03:52:14Z
dc.date.available 2012-12-15T03:53:01Z
dc.date.issued 2008
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2100/840
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10453/20249
dc.description University of Technology, Sydney. Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences.
dc.description.abstract The thesis argues that the colonial state in Fiji was founded upon ethno-cultural divisions, which continued in the post-colonial period with the establishment of indigenous chiefly political hegemony. By using a neo-Gramscian analytical framework based on the centrality of the role of ethnicity and culture in the study of colonial and post-colonial societies, the thesis develops three inter-related themes for the analysis of Fiji’s political history: the role of colonial culture, the importance of ethno-cultural divisions, and the changing role of the military in hegemony, antihegemony and counter-hegemony. The thesis proposes a dynamic model of decolonisation that conceptualises Fiji’s post-colonial political history in terms of hegemonic cycles that sees indigenous chiefly hegemony subside into factionalisation of the indigenous polity, inter-ethnic alliances and coercive indigenous assertion. These cycles operate as a product of conflict between hegemonic, anti-hegemonic and counter-hegemonic forces. The study finds that the hegemonic cycles were interrupted by a failed indigenous coercive phase in 2000 which led to military counter-hegemony and the ouster of the indigenous political order in 2006. The thesis notes that the re-alignment of indigenous political forces, following the latest military intervention, had the potential to re-instate the hegemonic cycles. The neo-Gramscian model developed in the thesis has a projective element and can be used to analyse the role of ethnicity and culture in colonial and postcolonial hegemonies such as in the South Pacific region. en_AU
dc.language.iso en en_AU
dc.subject Fiji. en_AU
dc.subject Coups d'état. en_AU
dc.title Hegemony, anti-hegemony and counter-hegemony : control, resistance and coups in Fiji en_AU
dc.type Thesis (PhD) en_AU


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