Road impacts a tipping point for wildlife populations in threatened landscapes

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Show simple item record Roger, Erin en_US Laffan, Shawn en_US Ramp, Daniel en_US
dc.contributor.editor en_US 2012-10-12T03:33:18Z 2012-10-12T03:33:18Z 2011 en_US
dc.identifier 2010006158 en_US
dc.identifier.citation Roger Erin, Laffan Shawn, and Ramp Daniel 2011, 'Road impacts a tipping point for wildlife populations in threatened landscapes', SPRINGER TOKYO, vol. 53, no. 1, pp. 215-227. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0034-5466 en_US
dc.identifier.other C1UNSUBMIT en_US
dc.description.abstract The conservation of wildlife populations living adjacent to roads is gaining international recognition as a worldwide concern. Populations living in road-impacted environments are influenced by spatial parameters including the amount and arrangement of suitable habitat. Similarly, heterogeneity in threatening processes can act at a variety of spatial scales and be crucial in affecting population persistence. Common wombats (Vombatus ursinus) are considered both widespread and abundant throughout their eastern Australian continental distribution. They nevertheless face many threats, primarily human induced. As well as impacts from disease and predation by introduced species, high roadside fatality rates on many rural roads are frequently reported. We parameterized a model for common wombat population viability analysis within a 750-km(2) area of the northwestern corner of Kosciuszko National Park in New South Wales, Australia, and tested its sensitivity to changes in the values of basic parameters. We then assessed the relative efficiency of various mitigation measures by examining the combined impact from roads, disease and predation on wombat subpopulation persistence in the area. We constructed a stage-structured and spatially explicit model incorporating estimates of survival and fecundity parameters for each of the identified subpopulations using RAMAS GIS. Estimates of current threatening processes suggest mitigating road-kill is the most effective management solution. Results highlight the importance of recognizing the interplay between various threats and how their combination has the capacity to drive local depletion events. en_US
dc.language en_US
dc.publisher Springer Tokyo en_US
dc.relation.isbasedon en_US
dc.title Road impacts a tipping point for wildlife populations in threatened landscapes en_US
dc.parent Population Ecology en_US
dc.journal.volume 53 en_US
dc.journal.number 1 en_US
dc.publocation Tokyo, Japan en_US
dc.identifier.startpage 215 en_US
dc.identifier.endpage 227 en_US SCI.Environmental Sciences en_US
dc.conference Verified OK en_US
dc.for 060200 en_US
dc.personcode 0000071322 en_US
dc.personcode 0000071331 en_US
dc.personcode 113573 en_US
dc.percentage 100 en_US Ecology en_US
dc.classification.type FOR-08 en_US
dc.edition en_US
dc.custom en_US en_US
dc.location.activity en_US
dc.description.keywords Common wombat; Habitat use; Landscape connectivity; PVA; RAMAS GIS; Road-kill en_US
dc.staffid en_US
dc.staffid 113573 en_US

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