Effects of pesticides monitored with three sampling methods in 24 sites on macroinvertebrates and microorganisms

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dc.contributor.author Pettigrove, Vincent en_US
dc.contributor.author Rose, Gavin en_US
dc.contributor.author Allinson, Graeme en_US
dc.contributor.author Wightwick, Adam en_US
dc.contributor.author Von Der Ohe, Peter en_US
dc.contributor.author Shimeta, Jeff en_US
dc.contributor.author Kuhne, Ralph en_US
dc.contributor.author Schafer, Ralf en_US
dc.contributor.author Kefford, Ben en_US
dc.contributor.editor en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2012-10-12T03:33:03Z
dc.date.available 2012-10-12T03:33:03Z
dc.date.issued 2011 en_US
dc.identifier 2010001115 en_US
dc.identifier.citation Schã¤Fer Ralf et al. 2011, 'Effects of pesticides monitored with three sampling methods in 24 sites on macroinvertebrates and microorganisms', American Chemical Society, vol. 45, pp. 1665-1672. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0013-936X en_US
dc.identifier.other C1 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10453/18026
dc.description.abstract ABSTRACT: Grab water samples, sediment samples, and 2,2,4-trimethylpentane passive samplers (TRIMPS) were used to determine the exposure to 97 pesticides in 24 southeast Australian stream sites over 5 months. Macroinvertebrate communities and selected microorganisms (bacteria, flagellates, ciliates, amoebas, nematodes, and gastrotrichs) were sampled to detect relationships with pesticide toxicity. Sediment samples had the highest estimated toxicities in terms of toxic units (TU) for Daphnia magna (TUDM) and for Selenastrum capricornutum (TUSC). The pesticide-selective SPEARpesticides and the general SIGNAL index for macroinvertebrates exhibited negative linear relationships (r2 = 0.67 and 0.36, respectively) with pesticide contamination in terms of log maximum TUDM (log mTUDM), suggesting macroinvertebrate community change due to pesticide exposure. Pesticide contamination was the only measured variable explaining variation in ecological quality. Variation in the densities of several microbial groups was best explained by environmental variables other than log TUs. The log mTUDM values derived from sediment concentrations were most important to establish a link with effects on macroinvertebrates, whereas log mTUDM of grab water samples had only minor contribution. Current-use insecticides and fungicides can affect macroinvertebrate communities and monitoring of sediment and continuous water sampling is needed to detect these effects. en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.publisher American Chemical Society en_US
dc.relation.isbasedon http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/es103227q en_US
dc.title Effects of pesticides monitored with three sampling methods in 24 sites on macroinvertebrates and microorganisms en_US
dc.parent Environmental Science & Technology en_US
dc.journal.volume 45 en_US
dc.journal.number en_US
dc.publocation Washington DC, USA en_US
dc.identifier.startpage 1665 en_US
dc.identifier.endpage 1672 en_US
dc.cauo.name SCI.Faculty of Science en_US
dc.conference Verified OK en_US
dc.for 039900 en_US
dc.personcode 0000066068 en_US
dc.personcode 0000066069 en_US
dc.personcode 0000066070 en_US
dc.personcode 0000066071 en_US
dc.personcode 0000066072 en_US
dc.personcode 0000066073 en_US
dc.personcode 0000066074 en_US
dc.personcode 0000066075 en_US
dc.personcode 109859 en_US
dc.percentage 100 en_US
dc.classification.name Other Chemical Sciences en_US
dc.classification.type FOR-08 en_US
dc.edition en_US
dc.custom en_US
dc.date.activity en_US
dc.location.activity en_US
dc.description.keywords en_US
dc.staffid 109859 en_US

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