To date, the trace elemental analysis of solids with inhomogencous internal structure has been limited, particularly in the case of adsorbents. High-energy ion beam based particle induced X-ray emission (PIXE) is an ideal ...
Recently, quantum adiabatic computation has attracted more and more attention in the literature. It is a novel quantum computation model based on adiabatic approximation, and the analysis of a quantum adiabatic algorithm ...
The dynamic capacity theorem characterizes the reliable communication rates of a quantum channel when combined with the noiseless resources of classical communication, quantum communication, and entanglement. In prior work, ...
We consider the simulation of interacting high-dimensional systems using pairwise interacting qubits. The main tool in this context is the generation of effective many-body interactions, and we examine a number of different ...
Measurement based quantum computation, which requires only single particle measurements on a universal resource state to achieve the full power of quantum computing, has been recognized as one of the most promising models ...
Discrete systems of infinitely long polarizable line dipoles are considered in the quasistatic limit, interacting with a two-dimensional cloaking system consisting of a hollow plasmonic cylindrical shell. A numerical ...
We predict the scattering loss in rectangular high index-contrast waveguides, using a new variation of the classical approach of coupled-mode theory. The loss predicted by this three-dimensional (3-D) model is considerably ...
We present detailed experimental and numerical studies of random lasing in weakly scattering systems. The interference of scattered light, which is weak in the passive systems, is greatly enhanced in the presence of high ...
Physics experiments for students not majoring in physics may have little meaning for those students and appear to them unconnected in any way to their majors. This affects student engagement and influences lhe extent to ...
We show that Mach-Zehnder interferometers (MZIs) formed from waveguides in a perfectly reflecting cladding can display manifestly different transmission characteristics to conventional MZIs due to mode recirculation and ...
We perform density functional theory (DFT) calculations on molecular junctions consisting of a single molecule between two Au(111) electrodes. The molecules consist of an alkane or aryl bridge connecting acceptor, donor ...
The goal of this paper is to compare strategies for reducing partial volume effects by either minimising the cause (i.e. improving resolution) or correcting the effect. Correction for resolution loss can be achieved either ...
We show that in some cases, catalyst-assisted entanglement transformation cannot be implemented by multiple-copy transformation for pure states. This fact, together with the result we obtained in R. Y. Duan, Y. Feng, X. ...
Godlewski, Marek; Goldys, Ewa; Bottcher, T; Figge, Stephan; Hommel, Detlef; Czernecki, R; Prystawko, P; Leszczynski, M; Perlin, Piotr; Wisniewski, P; Suski, T; Bockowski, M; Grzegory, Izabella; Porowski, Sylvek; Phillips, Matt(Polish Academy of Science, 2002)
Scanning and spot-mode cathodoluminescence investigations of homo- and hetero-epitaxial GaN films indicate a surprisingly small influence of their microstructure on overall intensity of a light emission. This we explain ...
Nicorovici, Nicolae; Mcphedran, Ross; Botten, Lindsay(Taylor & Francis Ltd, 2011)
We describe a method for accurate calculation of the Relative Local Density of States (RLDOS) as a function of frequency and position in finite sets of coated cylinders. The RLDOS is important, since it describes the ...
We derive the appropriate form of the relative local density of states (RLDOS) for the two-dimensional Helmholtz equation in a homogeneous lossy medium, and give the corresponding result for the three-dimensional equation. ...
Alternative materials are required to enhance the efficacy of plasmonic devices. We discuss the optical properties of a number of alloys, doped metals, intermetallics, silicides, metallic glasses and high pressure materials. ...
Ordinary Portland-cement clinkers were characterised using neutron and synchrotron powder diffraction. Rietveld analysis was performed using individual as well as combined data. Comparisons were made between phase ...
Models of adsorbate dissociation by energetic electrons are generalized to account for activated sticking and chemisorption, and used to simulate the rate kinetics of electron beam induced chemical vapor deposition (EBID). ...
The structure and physical properties of a thin titania sol-gel layer prepared on silicon and silica surfaces were examined. Spectroscopic (FTIR, UV-VIS spectroscopy), refractive index (ellipsometry) and microscopic ...