An international comparison of underground economic activity

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dc.contributor.author Schneider, Friedrich en_US
dc.contributor.author Bajada, Christopher en_US
dc.contributor.editor Christopher Bajada and Friedrich Schneider en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2012-03-12T11:22:56Z
dc.date.available 2012-03-12T11:22:56Z
dc.date.issued 2005 en_US
dc.identifier 2007001473 en_US
dc.identifier.citation Schneider Friedrich and Bajada Christopher 2005, 'An international comparison of underground economic activity', in NA (ed.), Ashgate, United Kingdom, pp. 73-106. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0754642488 en_US
dc.identifier.other B1UNSUBMIT en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10453/17529
dc.description.abstract Despite continuous government attempts to increase taxpayer compliance, the underground economy continues to offer an avenue for taxpayers to evade their tax paying obligations. The consequences are clear: policymakers have imperfect knowledge on the state of economic affairs, more so as underground economic activities increase. Estimating the size of the underground economy is an onerous task. Any serious attempt to gauge its size should be able to measure a broad range of activities. These activities may include income generated from (say) babysitting, bartering of services, income evaded by (say) a mechanic who chooses to report only part of their income, businesses that overstate their expenses, legitimate income earned and laundered abroad, and income concealed by welfare recipients. Many academic studies have simply focused on some aspects of the vast array of underground activities, and in doing so provide only a lower bound estimate of its size. Part of the problem is the complexity involved in attempting to capture the various facets of these activities. Most authors trying to measure the underground economy face the difficulty of how to define it. One commonly used working definition is all currently unregistered economic activities that contribute to the officially calculated (or observed) Gross Domestic Product. en_US
dc.language en_US
dc.publisher Ashgate en_US
dc.relation.isbasedon NA en_US
dc.title An international comparison of underground economic activity en_US
dc.parent Size, Causes and Consequences of the Underground Economy en_US
dc.journal.volume en_US
dc.journal.number en_US
dc.publocation United Kingdom en_US
dc.identifier.startpage 73 en_US
dc.identifier.endpage 106 en_US
dc.cauo.name BUS.School of Finance and Economics en_US
dc.conference Verified OK en_US
dc.for 140200 en_US
dc.personcode 0000024647 en_US
dc.personcode 990863 en_US
dc.percentage 60 en_US
dc.classification.name Applied Economics en_US
dc.classification.type FOR-08 en_US
dc.edition 1st en_US
dc.custom en_US
dc.date.activity en_US
dc.location.activity en_US
dc.description.keywords NA en_US
dc.staffid 990863 en_US


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