A global map of human impact on marine ecosystem

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dc.contributor.author Halpern, Benjamin en_US
dc.contributor.author Walbridge, Shaun en_US
dc.contributor.author Selkoe, Kimberly en_US
dc.contributor.author Kappel, Carrie en_US
dc.contributor.author Micheli, Fiorenza en_US
dc.contributor.author D'Agrosa, Caterina en_US
dc.contributor.author Bruno, John en_US
dc.contributor.author Casey, Kenneth en_US
dc.contributor.author Ebert, Colin en_US
dc.contributor.author Fox, Helen en_US
dc.contributor.author Fujita, Rod en_US
dc.contributor.author Heinemann, Dennis en_US
dc.contributor.author Lenihan, Hunter en_US
dc.contributor.author Madin, Elizabeth en_US
dc.contributor.author Perry, Matthew en_US
dc.contributor.author Selig, Elizabeth en_US
dc.contributor.author Spalding, Mark en_US
dc.contributor.author Steneck, Robert en_US
dc.contributor.author Watson, Reg en_US
dc.contributor.editor en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2012-02-02T06:42:02Z
dc.date.available 2012-02-02T06:42:02Z
dc.date.issued 2008 en_US
dc.identifier 2010002732 en_US
dc.identifier.citation Halpern Benjamin et al. 2008, 'A global map of human impact on marine ecosystem', American Association for Advancement of Science, vol. 319, no. 5865, pp. 948-952. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0036-8075 en_US
dc.identifier.other C1UNSUBMIT en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10453/14792
dc.description.abstract The management and conservation of the world's oceans require synthesis of spatial data on the distribution and intensity of human activities and the overlap of their impacts on marine ecosystems. We developed an ecosystem-specific, multiscale spatial model to synthesize 17 global data sets of anthropogenic drivers of ecological change for 20 marine ecosystems. Our analysis indicates that no area is unaffected by human influence and that a large fraction (41%) is strongly affected by multiple drivers. However, large areas of relatively little human impact remain, particularly near the poles. The analytical process and resulting maps provide flexible tools for regional and global efforts to allocate conservation resources; to implement ecosystem-based management; and to inform marine spatial planning, education, and basic research. en_US
dc.language en_US
dc.publisher American Association for Advancement of Science en_US
dc.relation.isbasedon http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1149345 en_US
dc.title A global map of human impact on marine ecosystem en_US
dc.parent Science en_US
dc.journal.volume 319 en_US
dc.journal.number 5865 en_US
dc.publocation New York, USA en_US
dc.identifier.startpage 948 en_US
dc.identifier.endpage 952 en_US
dc.cauo.name SCI.Faculty of Science en_US
dc.conference Verified OK en_US
dc.for 060200 en_US
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dc.percentage 100 en_US
dc.classification.name Ecology en_US
dc.classification.type FOR-08 en_US
dc.edition en_US
dc.custom en_US
dc.date.activity en_US
dc.location.activity en_US
dc.description.keywords NA en_US


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