From Gallipoli (1915) to the War of Independence (1919-1922): Modernisation of Turkish Womanhood

Burcu Cevik-Compiegne

Abstract


In many countries, the services of nurses during the First World War have recently been given a commemorative space in an attempt to make the memory of the war more inclusive and less masculine.  In contrast, Turkish nurses’ experience has so far been studied only from a nursing education and practice perspective. This article aims to shed light on this forgotten story by taking a gender and war studies perspective and reflect upon the much-celebrated memory of women fighters in Turkey.

Keywords


Women and Nationalism, Gender and War; First World War; Turkish Nationalism; Modernity; Remembrance

Full Text:

HTML PDF

References


KA 221/43 Kizilay Arsivi. Hastabakici Fatma Hanimin Gelibolu’ya istihdam edilmesi.

[Adivar], H.E. 1938, Inside India, Macmillan, New York.

Bahcecik, N. & Alpar, S.E. 2009, 'Nursing Education in Turkey: From past to present', Nursing Education Today, vol. 29, pp. 698-703.

Chatterjee, P. 1993, Nation and Its Fragments: Colonial and Postcolonial Histories, Princeton University Press, Princeton.

Esenkaya, A. 2011, 'Canakkale Muharebelerinde Cephede ve Cephe Disinda Saglik Hizmetleri', Canakkale Arastirmalari Turk Yilligi, vol. 10-11, pp. 25-70.

Findley, C.V. February 1998, 'An Ottoman Occidentalist in Europe: Ahmed Midhat Meets Madame Gülnar, 1889', The American History Review, vol. 103, no. 1, pp. 15-49.

Forbes, G.H. 1982, 'From Purdah to Politics: The Social Feminism of the All-India Women's Organizations', in H. Papanek & G. Minault (eds), Separate Worlds: studies of purdah in South Asia, Chanakya Publications, Delhi, pp. 219-44.

Koroglu, E. 2010, Turk Edebiyati ve Birinci Dunya Savasi, 1914-1918: Propagandadan Milli Kimlik Insasina, 2nd edition edn, Iletisim, Istanbul.

Minault, G. 1982, 'Purdah Politics: The Role of Muslim Women in Indian Nationalism, 1911-1924', in H. Papanek & G. Minault (eds), Separate Worlds: studies of purdah in South Asia, Chanakya Publishers, Delhi, pp. 245-61.

Onder, C. 1981, Dogumunun Yuzuncu Yilinda Ataturk'un Silah Arkadaslari: Yasayan Canakkaleli Muharipler, Akgun Form Ofset, Can, Canakkale.

Ozaydin, Z. 2006, 'Upper Social Strata Women in Nursing in Turkey', Nursing History Review, vol. 14, pp. 161-74.

Ozcan, A. 1997, Pan-Islamism: Indian Muslims, the Ottomans and Britain (1877-1924), Brill, Leiden, New York, Köln.

Sirman, N. December 1988 - May 1989, 'Turkish Feminism: A short History', Women Living Under Muslim Laws.

Spivak, G.C. 1993, 'Can Subaltern Speak?', in P. Williams & L. Chrisman (eds), Colonial Discourse and Post-Colonial Theory: A Reader, Harvester Wheatsheaf, Hemel Hempstead, UK, pp. 66-111.

Tekeli, S. 2005, 'Les femmes : le genre mal-aimé de la République', in S. Vaner (ed.), La Turquie, Fayard/CERI, Paris, pp. 251-81.

Tepekaya, M. & Kaplan, L. 2003, 'Hilal-i Ahmer Kadinlar Cemiyeti'nin Kurulusu ve Faaliyetleri ', Selcuk Universitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, vol. 10, pp. 147-201.

Toprak, Z. 1992, 'II. Mesrutiyet Doneminde Devlet, Aile ve Feminizm', in H.D. Yildiz (ed.), Sosyo-Kulturel Degisme Surecinde Turk Ailesi, T.C. Basbakanlik Aile Arastirma Kurumu, Ankara.

Tuncoku, M. 2002, Canakkale 1915: Buzdaginin Alti, Turk Tarih Kurumu, Ankara.

[Yalman], A.E. 1930, Turkey in the World War, Yale University Press, New Haven.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5130/ccs.v6i3.4206