Organising for power: solidarities and transformation

James Goodman


Abstract

Political and social movements are both empowering and power-seeking: they seek both to mobilize civil society and overwhelm state institutions. As organisations they mobilize collective power, generating solidarities and transforming social structures. As such, political organisations both challenge power and exercise power. This article addresses organizational vehicles for political change in Australia, drawing out limits and possibilities. Three organizational forms are discussed - the political party, the non-government organization (NGO), and the social movement - in terms of their capacity and limits. The social solidarities and social structures that frame political organization are debated, highlighting the impact of political conflicts over ecological change. The article ends with a discussion of the proceeding four articles, drawing out shared themes and implications in terms of the relationships post-Howard, between the Australian state, political parties, NGOs and movements.

Keywords

civil society, political organization, social solidarity, social structure, ecological politics, extended state

Full Text

PDF

References

Bamyeh, M. (2000) The Ends of Globalization, University of Minnesota Press: Minneapolis.

Beck, U., Giddens, A. and Lash, S. (1994) Reflexive Modernization: Politics, Tradition and Aesthetics in the Modern Social Order, Stanford University Press: Palo Alto, C.A.

Bernstein, E. (1961) Evolutionary Socialism: A Criticism and Affirmation, Random House: New York.

Boltanski, L. and Chiapello, E. (2005) The New Spirit of Capitalism, Verso: London.

Calhoun, C. (2000) 'New social movements of the early nineteenth century', in Nash, K. Political Sociology reader, Blackwell, Cambridge.

Durkheim, E. (1984) [1895]. The Division of Labor in Society, translated by W. D. Halls, Free Press: New York.

Fominaya, C. (2007) Autonomous Movements and the Institutional Left: Two Approaches in Tension in Madrid's Anti-globalization Network, South European Society and Politics, 12, 3, 335-58. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13608740701495202

Furedi, F. (2004a) 'Politics of the lonely crowd: protest movements get personal', Spiked, 9 March, www.spiked-online.com/Articles/0000000CA449.htm, accessed 20 January 2009.

Furedi, F. (2004b) Where Have All the Intellectuals Gone?: Confronting 21st Century Philistinism, Continuum: New York.

Goodman, J. (2009) From global justice to climate justice? Justice ecologism in an era of global warming, New Political Science, Special Issue on the Changing Face of Political Ideologies in the Global Age, 31, 4, forthcoming.

Gramsci, A. (1971) Selections from prison notebooks, Lawrence and Wishart: London.

Hardt, M. and Negri, A, (2004) Multitude: war and democracy in an age of Empire, Penguin: New York.

Harvey, D, (2003) The new imperialism, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Holloway, J. (2002) Change the world without taking power, Pluto Press, London.

Li, Minqi (2008) Climate Change, Limits to Growth, and the Imperative for Socialism, Monthly Review, July-August.

Juris, J. (2008) Networking Futures: The Movements Against Corporate Globalization, Duke University Press: US. http://dx.doi.org/10.1215/9780822389170

Kelly, P. (2008) 'NSW is in a state of dysfunction', The Australian, 15 November.

Kruse, B. (2008) 'Premier Approves the Sale of Energy Retailers', United Services Union Press Release: Sydney.

Macdonald, K. (2002) From solidarity to fluidarity social movements beyond 'collective identity' - the case of globalization conflicts, Social Movement Studies, 1, 2.

McDonald, K. (2006) Global movements: action and culture, Blackwell: Oxford.

O'Connor, J. (1998) Natural causes: essays in ecological marxism, New York: Guilford Press.

Polanyi, K. (1944) The Great Transformation: The Political and Economic Origins of Our Time, Beacon Press: Boston.

Sousa-Santos, B. de (1995) Toward a new common sense: Law, Science and Politics in the Paradigmatic Transition, Routledge, New York.

Strauss-Kahn, D. 'Successful Partnerships for Africa's Growth Challenge, ' speech in Dar es Salaam, IMF: Washington.

Touraine, A. (1978) The voice and the eye, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge

Van der Pijl, K. (1998) Transnational classes and international relations, Routledge: London.

Walgrave, S. and Verhulst, J. 2006 'Towards new emotional movements"? A comparative exploration into a specific movement type', Social Movement Studies 5(3): 275-304." http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14742830600991651

Wallerstein, I. (2003) The decline of American power, The New Press: New York.

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM