Spiders are Mammals: Direct Instruction in Cape York

Louise Dow


Abstract

In 2010, SRA Direct Instructioni was introduced across the curriculum in two remote Cape York schools, as a key aspect of social and welfare reform. There is national political interest in these reforms, which link welfare policy to State primary school education conceived as basic skills training. Reflecting the political interest, national newspapers ran the story that Direct Instruction had provided almost miraculous results after 17 weeks (Devine 2010a). Alternative approaches to literacy development in Indigenous education did not get the same sort of media attention. Noel Pearson provides the intellectual basis for Cape York social reforms, through his writing, political advocacy and leadership of organisations involved in the reforms. His ultimate goal is successful mainstream education leading to economic integration, where young people are „completely fluent in their own culture and the wider culture‟ (Pearson 2009:57). The question posed by this vision is „What kind of education can produce these flexible, bicultural, working people who keep their traditions alive?‟

Full Text

PDF

References

Abbott, T (2009) Modern Politics Hooked on the Quick Fix, The Telegraph, 27 August, retrieved 30 Nov 2011 from http://blogs.news.com.au/dailytelegraph/yoursay/index.php/dailytelegraph/comments/modern_politics_hooked_on_the_quick_fix.

Appadurai, A (2006) The Right to Research, Globalisation, Societies and Education, Vol 4, No 2, pp 167-177.

Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) (2011) Return to Aurukun, Four Corners, 27 April.

Binder, C and Watkins, C. L (1990) Precision Teaching and Direct Instruction: Measurably superior instructional technology in schools, Performance Improvement Quarterly, vol 3, no 4, pp 74-96. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1937-8327.1990.tb00478.x

Brennan, F (2007) The Northern Territory Intervention. The real agenda: the dream of real jobs and real services for northern Australia, retrieved 30 Nov 2011 from http://www.acu.edu.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0007/55879/NDA_Talk_Aug_2007.pdf

Brookfield, S.D (2005) The Power of Critical Theory for Adult Learning and Teaching, Open University Press, Maidenhead, Berkshire.

Cape York Institute for Policy and Leadership (CYIPL) (2007) Improving literacy in Cape York, Discussion Paper, January.

Cape York Partnerships (CYP) (2009) Cape York Aboriginal Australian Academy Business Case, retrieved 30 Nov 2011 from http://naedf.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/11/CYP_Cape_York_Aboriginal_Australian_Academy_Business_Case_V1-6-pdf.pdf .

Coen State School (2009) 2008 School Annual Report, retrieved 30 Nov 2011 from http://coenss.eq.edu.au/wcms/images/reports/school_annual_report_2008_issued_in_2009-1.pdf.

Cope, B and Kalantzis, M (2006) From Literacy to Multiliteracies: Learning to mean in the new communications environment, English Studies in Africa, vol 49, no 1, pp 23-45. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00138390608691342

Crean, S (2011) Budget 2011-12, Investing in Regional Australia, Regional Development and Local Government, retrieved 30 Nov 2011 from http://cache.treasury.gov.au/budget/2011-12/content/download/ms_rural_and_regional.pdf.

Cummins, J (2007) Direct Instruction: Learning for rats, applied to children, Schools Matter, July, retrieved 30 Nov 2011 from http://www.schoolsmatter.info/2007/07/direct-instruction-learning-for-rats.html .

Department of Education, Science and Training [DEST] 2005 National Inquiry into the Teaching of Literacy, DEST, Canberra.

Devine, M (2010a) Lost Generation Finds New Pride, Sydney Morning Herald, 5 June.

Devine, M (2010b) Give good teachers a gold star and put the bad ones out to pasture, Sydney Morning Herald, 4 February.

Dyson, L and Brady, F (2009) Mobile Phone Adoption and Use in Lockhart River Aboriginal Community, Mobile Business, Eighth International Conference, June, retrieved 30 Nov 2011 from http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/freeabs_all.jsp?arnumber=5169254.

Family Responsibilities Commission (FRC) (2010) Annual Report 2008 - 2009, Queensland Government, Brisbane.

Gibson, P (2011) Welfare Quarantine Spreads, Solidarity Online, June 2011, retrieved 30 Nov 2011 from http://www.solidarity.net.au/35/welfare-quarantine-spreads/.

Grant, L (2007) Engelmann's theory of instruction, Psychology 387, Athabasca University, retrieved 30 Nov 2011 from http://psych.athabascau.ca/html/Psych387/faculty.shtml?course=psyc387.

Hempenstall, K (1996) The Gulf Between Educational Research and Policy: The example of Direct Instruction and whole language, Behaviour Change, vol 13, no 1, pp 33-46.

Hughes, H and Hughes, M (2011) Protecting bad teachers produces chronic failure, The Australian, 9 March, retrieved 30 Nov 2011 from www.theaustralian.com.au/news/opinion/protecting-bad-teachers-produces-chronic-failure/story-e6frg6zo-1226017996627.

Jawun (2011) Case Study: The Cape York Aboriginal Australian Academy, Jawun Indigenous Corporate Partnerships, retrieved 30 Nov 2011 from http://cms.jawun.org.au/~/media/Files/Case%20Studies/Cape%20York/Aboriginal%20Australian%20Academy%202011.pdf.

Johnston, K and Hayes, D (2008) This is as Good as it Gets: Classroom lessons and learning in challenging circumstances, Australian Journal of Language and Literacy, vol 31, no 2, pp 109-127.

Knobel, M and Lankshear C (2006) Discussing New Literacies, Language Arts, vol 84, no 1. 78-86.

Kral, I (2009) Oral to Literate Traditions: Emerging literacies in remote Aboriginal Australia, TESOL in Context, vol 19, no 2, pp 34-49.

Luke, A (2000) Critical Literacy in Australia: A matter of context and standpoint, Journal of Adolescent and Adult Literacy, vol 43, no 5, pp 448-461.

Luke, A (2008) Models of Education Reform: An interview with Professor Allan Luke, QTU Professional Magazine, November, pp 12-15.

Luke, A (forthcoming) Will the Australian Curriculum Up the Intellectual Ante in Primary Classrooms? Curriculum Perspectives, 5/10.

McGraw Hill Education (2011) Direct Instruction, retrieved 30 Nov 2011 from http://www.mcgraw-hill.co.uk/sra/directinstruction.html.

Making Up Lost Time in Literacy (MULTILIT) (2011) Professional FAQs, retrieved 30 Nov 2011 from http://www.multilit.com/Home/Professionals/ProfessionalFAQs/tabid/1376/Default.aspx.

Making Up Lost Time in Literacy (MULTILIT) (2011) MULTILIT in Cape York, retrieved 30 Nov 2011 from http://www.multilit.com/Home/Research/Communityprojects/MULTILITinCapeYork/tabid/1412/Default.aspx .

Nicholls, C (2009) Radical Hope: Correspondence, Quarterly Essay, Issue 36.

Pearson, N (2000) Passive Welfare and the Destruction of Indigenous Society in Australia, in Saunders, P, ed, Reforming the Welfare State, Australian Institute of Family Studies (AIFS), Canberra.

Pearson, N (2007) Noel Pearson: Behind the eight ball, The Australian, July 21, 2007, retrieved 30 Nov 2011 from www.theaustralian.com.au/news/opinion/noel-pearson-behind-the-eight-ball/story-e6frg6zo-1111112859296.

Pearson, N (2009) Radical Hope – Education and equality in Australia, Quarterly Essay, Issue 35, 2009.

Purdie N and Ellis, L (2005) Literature Review: A review of the empirical evidence identifying effective interventions and teaching practices for students with learning difficulties in Years 4, 5 and 6, Australian Council for Educational Research, Camberwell, Victoria.

Queensland Studies Authority (2008) NAPLAN 2008 Queensland Outcomes Report, retrieved 30 Nov 2011 from http://education.qld.gov.au/naplan/.

Radosh, D (2004) The Pet Goat Approach, The New Yorker, July 26.

Resnick, L (2010) Nested Learning Systems for the Thinking Curriculum, Educational Researcher, vol 39, no 3, pp 183 – 197. http://dx.doi.org/10.3102/0013189X10364671

Rosenshine, B (2008) Five Meanings of Direct Instruction, Center on Innovation & Improvement, Lincoln.

Sarra, C (2011) Not the Only Way to Teach Aboriginal Youngsters, The Australian, May 14.

Shaw, P (2009) Seven Seasons in Aurukun, Allen and Unwin, Sydney.

Tudge, A (2010) Lessons in Closing the Education Gap, The Australian, 20 September.

US National Intelligence Council (2008) Global Trends 2025, A Transformed World, retrieved 30 Nov 2011 from www.dni.gov/nic/NIC_2025_project.htm.

Wheldall K and Beaman, R (1999) An Evaluation of MULTILIT, 'Making Up Lost Time In Literacy', Executive Summary, Macquarie University Special Education Centre, Macquarie University.

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM