Community-based participatory irrigation management at local government level in Ghana

I Braimah, R S King, D M Sulemana


Abstract

Ghana has attempted to decentralise the management of irrigation schemes to communities at local government level. This study examines the existing local participatory management structures and the principles of the Participatory Irrigation Management (PIM) strategy designed to promote sustainable management of irrigation schemes in Ghana. Two community-based irrigation projects, Bontanga and Golinga in the Northern Region of Ghana were selected for the research. The study demonstrated that farmers’ participation was minimal and limited to the discussion of irrigation service charges at the expense of other issues related to the sustainability of the projects/schemes. The study also established that there was less participation of women, and more than half of all the crop farmers on the two irrigation projects were reluctant to assume additional responsibilities without remuneration. The study therefore concluded that the sustainability of the PIM strategy depends on the adoption of an integrated management approach involving all stakeholders including local government, with appropriate incentives.

Full Text

PDF

References

Asian Productivity Organisation (2002). Organisational Change for Participatory Irrigation Management: A Report of the Asian Productivity Organisation Seminar on Organisational Change for Participatory Irrigation Management. Philippines, 23-27, October, 2000. Published by Asian Productivity Organisation (APO): Philippine

Braimah, I. and N. Filmua (2011), Community Ownership and Management of Water and Sanitation Facilities: Issues and Prospects in the Nadowli District of the Upper West Region of Ghana, Journal of Sustainable Development in Africa, Vol. 13(3) pp 74-87.

Hamada, H and Samad, M. (2011) Basic principles for sustainable participatory irrigation management. A Research review, JARQ 45(4), 371-376. Accessed 02/02/2012 from www.jircas.affrc.go.jp/english/publication/jarq/45-4/45-04-03.pdf

Japan International Cooperation Agency (2004) Historical changes in the technical cooperation provided to Ghana’s irrigated agriculture sector. Accessed 4/10/2011 http://jica-ri.jica.go.jp/IFIC_and_JBICI-Studies/english/publications/reports/study/capacity/200609/pdf/200609_04e.pdf

Lamptey, D.; Nyamdi, B. and Minta, A. (eds.) (2011) National Irrigation Policy, Strategies and Regulatory Measures. Published by the Ghana Irrigation Development Authority of the Ministry of Food and Agriculture, Accra, Ghana. Accessed 21/9/2011 http://mofa.gov.gh/site/wp-content/uploads/2011/07/GHANA-IRRIGATION-DEVELOPMENT-POLICY1.pdf

Ministry of Agriculture (2011) The Inventory of Irrigation Schemes in Ghana. Published by MoFA, Accra. Accessed from www.mofa.org.gh on 10/10 /2011

Peter, J.R (2004) Participatory Irrigation management: Lessons from International Experience. Paper presented at the workshop on “ PIM-pathways to progress” organized by the Asian Development Bank, Hanoi, Vietnam, March 31- April 2, 2004. Accessed 5/10/2011 www.maff.go.jp/e/nousin/kaigai/inwepf/i_document/pdf/sympo_inpim.pdf

Tanaka, Y. and Sato, Y. (2002). A case study of Japanese Irrigation Association as a model of participatory irrigation management. A research article published by The Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Science, University of Tokyo

The IDA Regulations, 1987 (L.I.1350) published by GIDA, Accra

The Republic of Ghana (2006) Draft National Irrigation policy, Strategies and Regulatory Measures. Published by the Ministry of Food and Agriculture, Accra

The Republic of Ghana (2012) The Ghana Districts Profile. Accessed on 01/08/2012 from www.ghanadistricts.gh

Vermillion, D.L. (1997) Impacts of irrigation management transfer: A review of the evidence. IIMI Research Report No.11. Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Irrigation Management Institute. Accessed 23/9/2011 http://dlc.dlib.indiana.edu/dlc/bitstream/handle/10535/3920/REPORT11.pdf?sequence=1

Wahaj, R.; Hartle, M.; Lubbock, A.; Cleveringa, R. and Nepveu, A. (2007) Securing water for improved rural livelihoods: The multiple-uses system approach. A gender and water publication by the International Fund for Agriculture Accessed 21/10/2011 www.ifad.org/gender/thematic/water/gender_water.pdf

Zwarteveen, M. Z. (1996) A Revised Report from ‘A plot of one’s own: Gender relations and irrigated land allocation policies in Burkina Faso, Research Report 10’. Washington DC: The Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR).

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM