Constitutional Democracy and Caretaker Committee in Nigeria Local Government System: An Assessment

Jude C Okafor, Ikechukwu H Orjinta


Abstract

The 1976 Local Government Reform among other landmark changes unified the local government system in Nigeria, and the 1979 constitution made local governments the third tier of government and provided for a system of local government by democratically elected councils. More recently, elected local government councils have been dissolved and replaced with Transition Committees or Caretaker Committees appointed by the Governors’ of their respective states. This paper therefore, examines the impact of the caretaker committees in Nigerian Local Government on the practice of constitutional democracy. The discussion is framed by the theoretical perspectives and Nigerian literature on local government and constitutional democracy, and by the recent phenomenal wave of dissolving elected local government councils and subsequent replacement with caretaker committees. Contrary to popular belief, that local government as the third tier of government has failed to achieve the objective for which it was created, this paper observes that party politics has been the bane of Nigerian local government since its inception, and that democratically elected local councils with political and financial autonomy are the major conditions for an effective and efficient multi-purpose local government system in Nigeria.

Full Text

PDF

References

Abbas, B. & Ahmad, B. M.(2012) Challenges of democratization at the grassroots in Nigeria: Case study of Taraba State. Research on Humanities and Social Sciences 2(7), 98-108. http://www.iiste.org (accessed 13/03/13).

Abbass, I. M. (2011) Local government and the problem of democratic politics, http://www.abu.edu.ng/publications/2011-06-13-11093 (accessed 13/03/13).

Abonyi, I. (2011) INEC, SIECs condemn use of unelected persons in LGs, http://www.thisdaylive.com/articles/inec-siecs-condemn-use-of-unelected-persons-in-lgs (accessed on 13/03/13).

Adejo, O.(2004) Local government and democracy in Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Public Administration andLocal Government, XII(1), May, 175-188.

Aluko, J.O. (2010) Local government elections and the challenges of democratic governance in Nigeria. Nigerian Newsworld, http://nigerian newsworld.com/articles/2010/aug/111.html (accessed on 13/04/13).

Baadom, T. O. (2004) The role of political parties in local government administration, Department of Political Science, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, B.Sc. Project (unpublished).

Chukwumerije, U. (n.d.) The Contribution of the Local government System to the Growth of Our Democracy, http://www.senatorchukwumerije.net/id94.html (accessed on 13/03/13)

Creek, J. (1969) Administrator, Quarterly Review of the Institute of Administration, Unife, III(3).

Federal Republic of Nigeria (1999) Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. Lagos: Federal Government Press.

Musa, A. (2011) The challenges and opportunities for improving the local government system in Nigeria. Paper presented at the Third Biennial National Conference on Community Development in Nigeria, Asaba: November, 20-24.

Nwachukwu, G.E. (2000) Theory and Practice of Local Government in Nigeria.Umuahia: Ark Publishers.

Nyewusira, V. & Kennet, N. (2012) Party politics and democratic governance in Nigeria: local government administration: the case of Rivers State(1999 2010). Research on Humanities and Social Sciences, 2(6) 164-175 http://www.iiste.org (accessed 13/03/13).

Ogunna, A.E.C. (1996) Democratization of local government in Nigeria (an historical approach), Nigerian Journal of Public Administration and Local Government, 7(1) 113-126.

Otive, I. (n.d.) Local Government Reform and Constitutional Review in Nigeria, http://www.dawodu.com/otivel.htm (accessed 13/03/13)

Rowland, M & Hume, D (1969) Administrator Quarterly Review of the Institute of Administration, University of Ife, Vol III(3)

Uzondo, J (2011) Joint Account Crisis: How Governors Short-Change LGs. Nigerian Newsworld. http://www.nigeriannewsworld.com/content/joint- account-crisis-how (accessed 13/03/13)

Yusuf, M.M. (2008) Local Governance and Democracy: The Basic Principle. http://mmyusuf.blogspot.co.uk/2008_01_01_archive.html (accessed 02/05/ 2013)

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM