Upazila Parishad in Bangladesh: Roles and Functions of Elected Representatives and Bureaucrats

Muhammad Sayadur Rahman


Abstract

This study explores whether democratic Upazila Parishads in Bangladesh have become more responsive to those who elected them and whether people's expectations about their elected representatives and their functions to their elected have changed. The study carried out in eight Upazilas from seven Divisions in Bangladesh. The study has found that Upazila Parishads in Bangladesh with democratically elected representatives have largely failed to enhance their rapport with people. The recently implemented mandatory advisory role for the members of the parliament (MPs) has complicated the role of the local government and the interference by MPs in local government affairs has weakened the independence of local government. The findings of this study reveal that awareness is low, and that only 30% of respondents were concerned about the roles and functions of the Upazila Parishad. The data reveals that though the local citizens think that they are knowledgeable about the roles and functions of elected representatives and bureaucrats in reality many remain unaware of the roles and functions.

Full Text

PDF

References

Aberbach, J., Putnam, R. and Rockman, B, (1981). Bureaucrats and Politicians in Western Democracies, Cambridge: Mass, Harvard University Press

Arlblaster, A. (2002). Democracy", Buckingham: Open University Press"

Ahmed, N. (2009). Bureaucracy and Local Politics in Bangladesh, Dhaka: AHD Publishing House

Ahmed Nizam, Ahmed Tofail and Faizullah Mohammad, (2011). Working of Upazila Parishad in Bangladesh: A Study of Twelve Upazilas, Dhaka: UNDP

CLGF, (2012) The local government system in Bangladesh: Country profile, http://www.clgf.org.uk/userfiles/1/files/Bangladesh%20local%20govemment%20profile%202011-12.pdf, accessed October 2012

Davis, K. (1948). Human Society, New York: the Macmillan Press

GPRB (1972) The Constitution of Bangladesh, GPRB (Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh), http://bdlaws.minlaw.gov.bd/

GPRB (2001) The Rules of Business, 2001, GPRB (Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh), http://bdlaws.minlaw.gov.bd/

GPRB (1982) The Upazila Ordinance of1982, GPRB (Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh)

GPRB (1998) The Upazila Act of1998, GPRB (Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh), http://bdlaws.minlaw.gov.bd/

GPRB (2009) The Upazila Parisad (Reintroduction of the Repealed Act Amendment) Act 2009, GPRB (Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh), http://bdlaws.minlaw.gov.bd/

GPRB (2009) The Upazila Act, 2009, GPRB (Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh), http://bdlaws.minlaw.gov.bd/

Khan, M.M, (2009), Decentralization in Bangladesh, Dhaka: AHD Publishing House

Lilleker, D. and Jackson, N. (2009), Interacting and Representing: can Web 2.0 enhance the roles of an MP " ECPR workshop "Parliaments, Parties and Politicians in Cyberspace", Lisbon, April 2009"

Norton, P. and Wood, D. (1990). Constituency Service by Members of Parliament: does it contribute to a personal vote Parliamentary Affairs, Oxford University Press, Cambridge, pp196-208

Norton, P., (1994), The Growth of the Constituency Role of the MP", Parliamentary Affairs, volume 47(4) pp 705-20"

Pickles, D., (1971) Democracy, London: B.T Batsford Ltd

Rahman, N. (2009), The Road to Local Government, however Unsatisfactory, Star Weekend Magazine, Volume 8 (59) February 27

Rahman, M. S., (2010). 'Politicians and Bureaucrats in Upazila Administration: A Study on Conflict-Relationships' in the Dynamics of Public Administration, An Indian Journal, Vol. 27(2), July-December 2010

Rush, M. (2001) The role of the Member of Parliament since 1968: From Gentlemen to Players", Oxford University Press, London"

Siddiqui, K. (ed), (2005). Local Government in Bangladesh, Dhaka: University Press Limited

Stilborn, Jack, (2012). The Roles of the Members of Parliament in Canada: Are They Changing? Canada: Political and Social Affairs Division

Wilson, J.Q. (1989). Bureaucracy Basic Books, New York http://www.bangladesh2day.com/newsfinance/2009/January/22/Nation-goes-to-Upazila-pollsof-hope-today.php http://www.thedailystar.net/magazine/2009/02/04/cover.htm