An Examination of the Performance Based Building Code on the Design of a Commercial Building
The Building Code of Australia (BCA) is the principal code under which building approvals in Australia are assessed. The BCA adopted performance-based solutions for building approvals in 1996. Performance-based codes are based upon a set of explicit objectives, stated in terms of a hierarchy of requirements beginning with key general objectives. With this in mind, the research presented in this paper aims to analyse the impact of the introduction of the performance-based code within Western Australia to gauge the effect and usefulness of alternative design solutions in commercial construction using a case study project. The research revealed that there are several advantages to the use of alternative designs and that all parties, in general, are in favour of the performance-based building code of Australia. It is suggested that change in the assessment process to streamline the alternative design path is needed for the greater use of the performance-based alternative. With appropriate quality control measures, minor variations to the deemed-to-satisfy provisions could easily be managed by the current and future building surveying profession.
Australian Building Codes Board (1996) Building Code of Australia Volume 1 & 2 null
2 Benge, Claire (1999) Dealing with alternative construction methods through performance based building codes, paper for the 2nd international Conference on construction Industry Development, and the 1st Conference of CIB TG29 on construction in Developing Countries, retrieved 14 January, 2004, from http:/www.ecobuildnetwork.org.chchost.com/eng 3.htm
Bergeron, D. (2002) Role of acceptable solutions in evaluation innovative designs in Proceedings of the 4th International conference on performance-based codes and fire safety design methods, SFPE, Bethesda, MD.
Brannigan, Vincent JD and Meeks, Carol B (1996) Performance Based Codes: Economic Efficiency and Distributional Equity in Conference Proceedings Interflam '96, Interscience Communications, London, pp573-580.
Bukowski, RW (1995) International Activities for Developing Performance-Based Fire Codes Fire Safety Design of Buildings and Fire Safety Engineering Proceeding of the Mini-Symposium, Tsukuba, Japan, IV, pp25-27 null
6 Bukowski, RW (1996) Risk and Performance Standards in Fire Risk and Hazard Assessment Symposium: Research and Practice: Bridging the Gap Proceedings, National Fire Protection Research Foundation. June 26-28, 1996, San Francisco, CA, pp37-45, and U.S./Japan Government Cooperative Program on Natural Resources UJNR Fire Research and Safety 13th Joint Panel Meeting, vol 1, 13-20 March, Gaithersburg, MD, Beall, KA (ed) pp79-88
Deierlein, G.G. and Hamilton, S. (2003) Framework for structural fire engineering and design methods, Invited white paper at the NIST-SFPE workshop on National R & D Roadmap for fire safety design and retrofit of structures, 2-3 October 2003, Baltimore, MD null
8 Deroukakis, Eleni, (2000) Performance-based codes impact on international trade, Occasional Paper for Inter-Jurisdictional Regulatory Collaboration Committee, retrieved from http://www.ircc.gov.au/
Foliente, G (2006) The Performance Concept, performance-based building R & D roadmap towards Europe's vision 2030 for construction, CSIRO null
10 Fielding, G, (2003) Changing demographics, disability access and the use of performance-based design, Invited Paper at the Global Policy Summit on the Role of Performance-based International Policy and Local Needs, National Academy of academics.org/bice/global_policy_summit_2003. html."
Heskestad, Atle (2000) Practical Experiences on a Systematic Method of Assessing Level of Fire Safety by Evaluating both Organizational and Technical Fire Protection Measures presented at 3rd International Conference on Performance-Based Codes and Fire Safety Design Methods retrieved from http://www.brand.lth.se/PBDConf/ null
12 Hua, Jinsong and Khoo, Boo Cheong, (2000) Application of unstructured CFD method in performance based building fire safety design presented at 3rd International Conference on Performance-Based Codes and Fire Safety Design Methods retrieved from http://www.brand.lth.se/PBDConf/
ICC (2003) Performance Code for Buildings and Facilities, International Code Council, Falls Church, VA.
Jick, DT 1979, 'Mixing Qualitative and Quantitative Methods: Triangulation in Action', Administrative Science Quarterly, vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 602-11.
Kose, S. (2003) The impact of rapid ageing in Japan on accessibility issues, Invited Paper at the Global Policy Summit on the Role of Performance-based Building Regulations in Addressing Societal Expectations, International policy and local needs, National Academy of Sciences, Washington DC.
Kumar, R. (1998). Research Methodology: A Step by Step Guide for Beginners. Melbourne: Addison Wesley Longman Australia Pty Limited, null
17 Lee, Angela and Barrett, Peter (Eds) (2003) Performance Based Building: First International State-of-the-Art Report by the International Council for Research and Innovation in Building and Construction, Netherlands, retrieved from http://www.pebbu.nl/resources/pebbupublication s/
May, P.J. (2003) Performance-based regulation and regulatory regimes: the saga of leaky buildings, Law and Policy, 25(4), 381-401.
Meacham, B.J. (2004) Performance-based building regulatory systems: structure, hierarchy and linkages, journal of the structural Engineering Society of New Zealand, 17(1), 37-35 null
20 Meacham, Brian J. (1996). Concepts of a Performance-based Building Regulatory System for the United States. A paper delivered at the Fire Safety Science, Boston USA."
NCR (2003) ISC Security Criteria for New Federal Office Building and Major Renovation Projects: A Review and Commentary, national Academics Press, Washington Dc null
22 Owen, RP and Thomas, JR (1997) Objective-based codes: the Canadian direction presented at International Conference on Performance-Based Codes and Fire Safety Design Methods, Canada, 1996
Raftery, J 1997, 'Breaking up methodological monopolies: a multi-paradigm approach to construction management research', Construction Management and Economics, vol. 15, pp. 291-7.
Thomas, R, and Bowen R. (1996). Objective-based codes: the Canadian direction. A paper delivered at the International Conference on Performance-Based Codes and Fire Safety Design Methods, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
The case study as research method (1997) retrieved 6 May, 2004, from http://www.gslis.utexas.edu/~ssoy/usesusers/13 91d1b.htm null
26 Weaver, E.A. (2003) Three useful tools for goal setting: judgement analysis, the Taylor-Russell diagram and the System Dynamics Model, Invited Paper at the Global Policy Summit on the Role of performance-based building regulations in addressing societal expectations, International policy and local needs, National Academy of Sciences, Washington DC (available at: National Academy of academics.org/bice/global_policy_summit_2003. html."
Yin, K. R. (1984) Case Study Research, Design and Methods, Sage Publishing, London, England, United Kingdom null
1 Australian Bureau of Statistics, (1996). Transition from Education to Work. 6227.0. Australian Bureau of Statistics, Canberra, ACT, Australia."
Metrics powered by PLOS ALM